Church of the Messiah (Manhattan)

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The Second Congregational Church in New York[1]
Detailed drawing of a Greek Revival style church.
The congregation's first church
General information
Architectural style Greek Revival[2]
Location NW corner of Mercer and Prince Streets[3]
Inaugurated Thanksgiving Day, Thursday, December 7, 1826[4]
Destroyed Sunday morning, November 26, 1837 (burned to ground)[5]
Design and construction
Architect Josiah R. Brady[6]
The Church of the Messiah[8]
Detailed drawing of a “semi-Gothic” style church.
The congregation's second church
General information
Architectural style “Semi-Gothic”[9]
Location 728-30 Broadway, at Waverly Place, New York City[10]
Inaugurated May 2, 1839[11]
Destroyed December 23, 1884 by fire[12]
Cost $90,000[13]
The Church of the Messiah
Photograph of a Gothic Revival style church.
The congregation's third church
Alternative names Community Church of New York (as of 1919)[14]
General information
Architectural style Victorian Romanesque[15]
Location NW corner Park Avenue and 34th Street[16]
Inaugurated 1867[17]
Demolished 1930[18]
Design and construction
Architect Carl Pfeiffer[19]

The Second Congregational Church in New York, organized in 1825, was a Unitarian congregation which had three permanent homes in Manhattan, the second of which became a theater after they left it. In 1919 the congregation became non-denominational and changed its name to Community Church of New York.[20] The same year, its church on 34th Street was damaged by fire.[21] Since 1948 the congregation has been located at 40 East 35th Street, in a sanctuary shared with the Metropolitan Synagogue of New York.[22]

The Church of the Messiah at 728-730 Broadway, near Waverly Place, was dedicated in 1839 and operated as such until 1864. In January 1865 it was sold to department store magnate A. T. Stewart and converted into a theater which subsequently operated under a series of names, ending with The New Theatre Comique. It burned down in 1884.[23]

Theater Names[edit]

1868 drawing of a street scene in front of the altered but recognizable exterior of the 1839 church
728-30 Broadway in 1867
  • 1865 – Athenaeum
  • 1865 – Lucy Rushton's Theatre
  • 1866 – New York Theatre
  • 1867 – The Worrell Sisters' New York Theatre
  • 1868 – New York Theatre
  • 1868 – The Worrell Sisters' Theatre
  • 1870 – The Globe Theatre
  • 1871 – Nixon's Amphitheatre
  • 1872 – The Broadway Theatre
  • 1873 – Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre
  • 1873 – Daly's Broadway Theatre
  • 1874 – Fox's Broadway Theatre
  • 1874 – The Globe Theatre
  • 1876 – Heller's Wonder Theatre
  • 1877 – Wood's Theatre
  • 1877 – Neil Bryant's Opera House
  • 1877 – National Theatre
  • 1878 – The Globe Theatre
  • 1879 – The New York Circus
  • 1879 – The Broadway Novelty Theatre
  • 1881 – The New Theatre Comique
  • 1884 – Destroyed by fire
Photograph of the building in a different alteration, with a few people in front watching the photo being taken
As the Globe Theatre

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dewey, p. 28
  2. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  3. ^ Dunlap, Map E [E86]
  4. ^ CCNY
  5. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  6. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  7. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  8. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  9. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  10. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church" and Perris, in which the church is mislabeled "Presbyterian."
  11. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  12. ^ Brown, p. 398
  13. ^ Dewey, p. 29
  14. ^ NYT-1
  15. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  16. ^ Dunlap, Map H [H6]
  17. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  18. ^ CCNY
  19. ^ Dunlap, "Community Church"
  20. ^ NYT-1
  21. ^ NYT-2
  22. ^ CCNY
  23. ^ Greenleaf, pp. 375-6; Dunlap, "Community Church;" Stern, p. 35; Brown, pp. 376-98; MPW; and IBDB

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°43′45.8″N 73°59′35.3″W / 40.729389°N 73.993139°W / 40.729389; -73.993139