Church of the Most Holy Redeemer (Manhattan)
|The Church of the
Most Holy Redeemer
|Architectural style||Baroque Revival
|Town or city||Manhattan, New York City|
|Country||United States of America|
|Construction started||1851 (for church)|
|Completed||1852 (for church)
1913 (for renovation)
|Client||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York|
|Structural system||Limestone masonry|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||?? Walsh (1851-2 church)
Paul Schulz (1913 renovation)
The Church of the Most Holy Redeemer, also known as Santísimo Redentor, is a Roman Catholic parish church under the authority of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, located at 161-165 East 3rd Street between Avenues A and B in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. The parish was founded in 1844 by the Redemptorist Fathers, and the church, which looks more like a cathedral than a parish church, was built in 1851-1852, designed by an architect named Walsh.
The eclectic architecture is a mix of Baroque Romanesque styles, an experiment not uncommon in the Victorian era. When originally built, the church had a 250-foot (76.2 m) Baroque tower, but in the 1913 renovation supervised by architect Paul Schulz, the tower was simplified and shortened. The AIA Guide to New York City calls the church "a powerful, deeply modeled, limestone pile, one of the tallest structures (except the "projects") in the community" and dates the church to the 1870s.
The church was once the most important in Manhattan's "Little Germany" and was often referred to as the "German Catholic Cathedral" of New York by the German Catholic community. This parish grew out of the first German Catholic parish in New York City, St. Nicholas' Church, which has since been closed and demolished. The grandiosity of this church is synonymous with the importance of the German Catholic community in the middle of the nineteenth century in New York City. At that time, German Catholics were the second largest Catholic group in the city after the Irish Catholic community. Most Holy Redeemer originally had a primary school run by the School Sisters of Notre Dame which taught its students entirely in the German language for most of the nineteenth century.
- Dunlap, David W. (2004). From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7., p.147
- The World Almanac 1892 and Book of Facts (New York: Press Publishing, 1892), p.390.
- Remigius Lafort, S.T.D., Censor, The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X. Volume 3: The Province of Baltimore and the Province of New York, Section 1: Comprising the Archdiocese of New York and the Diocese of Brooklyn, Buffalo and Ogdensburg Together with some Supplementary Articles on Religious Communities of Women.. (New York City: The Catholic Editing Company, 1914), p.351.
- White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot; Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. American Institute of Architects New York Chapter (Fifth ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-19-538386-7.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- Dolan, Jay P. The Immigrant Church: New York's Irish and German Catholics, 1815-1865. Univ. of Notre Dame Press
- Media related to Church of the Most Holy Redeemer at Wikimedia Commons