Churchill Barracks

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Churchill Barracks
Disused Butts - - 614482.jpg
Disused shooting range south-west of Ayr, which formed part of the facilities associated with Churchill Barracks
Churchill Barracks is located in South Ayrshire
Churchill Barracks
Churchill Barracks
Location within South Ayrshire
Coordinates55°27′58″N 4°38′16″W / 55.46621°N 4.63788°W / 55.46621; -4.63788Coordinates: 55°27′58″N 4°38′16″W / 55.46621°N 4.63788°W / 55.46621; -4.63788
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
Operator British Army
Site history
Built forWar Office
In use1795–1959
Garrison information
OccupantsRoyal Scots Fusiliers

Churchill Barracks was a military installation in Ayr, Scotland.


The barracks were built on the south side of Ayr Harbour as part of the British response to the threat of the French Revolution in 1795.[1] In 1873 a system of recruiting areas based on counties was instituted under the Cardwell Reforms and the barracks became the depot for the two battalions of the 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot.[2] Following the Childers Reforms, the regiment evolved to become the Royal Scots Fusiliers with its depot in the barracks in 1881.[2]

The barracks were renamed Churchill Barracks in honour of Winston Churchill, a former Commanding Officer of a battalion of the Regiment, in 1942 during the Second World War.[3] The regiment amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers at Redford Barracks in Edinburgh in 1959.[3] The buildings were demolished in 1967 and the site was converted for use as The Citadel Leisure Centre.[4]


  1. ^ "Barracks in Scotland". Scots at War. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Training Depots". Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ a b "Ayrshire's Infantry Regiment". South Ayrshire Council. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Ayr Barracks". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 14 November 2014.