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The sanctuary is named after the Churdhar Peak. Churdhar (elevation of 3,647 metres; 11,965 feet) is the highest peak in Shimla district and is also the highest peak in the outer Himalayas. The peak has a great religious significance for the people of Sirmour, Shimla, Chaupal and Solan of Himachal Pradesh and Dehradun of Uttrakhand. Churdhar is a holy place related with Shri Shirgul Maharaj (Chureshwar Maharaj), a deity widely worshipped in Sirmour and Chaupal. The place can be approached by lots of routes but the main routes are from Nohradhar, Sirmour of 14 km and Sarahan, Chaupal of 8 km.
The Churdhar Peak is mentioned in the book, The Great Arc, by John Keay but is referred to as The Chur. It is from this peak that George Everest made many astronomical readings and sightings of the Himalaya mountains around 1834. He was the Surveyor General of India and did the initial survey of the full length of India as well as some very accurate measurements of the earth's curvature.
- Location: Shimla ' Himachal Pradesh
- Area: 56.16 km2
- Speciality: musk deer and monal
- Best season: April–June and October–November
The total covered area of this sanctuary is 56.16 square kilometres as notified on 15 November 1985. This is one of the newest sanctuaries of Himachal Pradesh. Fauna includes Himalayan black bear, barking deer, musk deer, langur and leopards .
- Airways: Jubbarhatti airport (23 km from Shimla)
- Nearest railhead: Shimla to Kalka narrow gauge railway line
- Nearest city: Chaupal
- The sanctuary has a well connected road network.
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