Churintzio

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Churintzio
Municipality
View over the main square in the municipal seat of Churintzio
View over the main square in the municipal seat of Churintzio
Churintzio is located in Mexico
Churintzio
Churintzio
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°08′59″N 102°03′49″W / 20.14972°N 102.06361°W / 20.14972; -102.06361Coordinates: 20°08′59″N 102°03′49″W / 20.14972°N 102.06361°W / 20.14972; -102.06361[1]
Country  Mexico
State  Michoacán
Established 1 March 1904
Seat Churintzio
Government[2]
 • President Salvador Pulido Pimentel
Area[3]
 • Total 230.084 km2 (88.836 sq mi)
Elevation[1] (of seat) 1,867 m (6,125 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
 • Total 5,564
 • Estimate (2015 Intercensal Survey)[4] 5,016
 • Density 24/km2 (63/sq mi)
 • Seat 2,592
Time zone UTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (Central)
Postal codes 59440–59455[5]
Area code 328
Website Official website

Churintzio is a municipality in the Mexican state of Michoacán, located 104 kilometres (65 mi) northwest of the state capital of Morelia.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Churintzio is located in northern Michoacán at an altitude between 1,700 and 2,500 metres (5,600–8,200 ft). It borders the municipalities of Ecuandureo to the west, La Piedad to the north, Zináparo to the northeast, Penjamillo to the southeast, and Tlazazalca to the south.[6] The municipality covers an area of 230.084 square kilometres (88.836 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.4% of the state's area.[4]

Churintzio is located in the highlands of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. It is watered by intermittent streams and cold springs in the Lerma River basin.[2]

Churintzio's climate is temperate with rain in the summer.[2] Average temperatures in the municipality range between 16 and 20 °C (61–68 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 800 and 1,000 millimetres (31–39 in).[6]

History[edit]

Churintzio was founded in 1543. The place name may derive from the Purépecha words achuri, "night", or chureni, "to grow dark".[2] It became a municipality on 1 March 1904.[7]

Administration[edit]

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and seven trustees (regidores), four elected by relative majority and three by proportional representation.[2] The current president of the municipality is Salvador Pulido Pimentel.[2]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Churintzio recorded a population of 5564 inhabitants living in 1654 households.[8] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 5016 inhabitants in Churintzio.[4]

There are 19 localities in the municipality,[1] of which only the municipal seat, also known as Churintzio, is classified as urban. It recorded a population of 2592 inhabitants in the 2010 Census.[8]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The main economic activities in Churintzio are agriculture and livestock production.[9] A maquiladora manufactures clothes in the municipal seat.[10] Federal Highway 15D traverses the municipality from east to west.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Churintzio". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Churintzio: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Panorama sociodemográfico de Michoacán de Ocampo 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 56. ISBN 978-607-739-850-9.
  5. ^ "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Churintzio, Michoacán de Ocampo" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  7. ^ Estado de Michoacán de Ocampo. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 80, 130. ISBN 970-13-1501-4.
  8. ^ a b "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Churintzio". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  9. ^ Churintzio Municipal Council (28 April 2016). "Plan de Desarrollo Municipal 2015–2018" (PDF). Periódico Oficial del Estado de Michoacán (in Spanish). Government of Michoacán. p. 7. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Buscará Sergio Flores impulsar la economía en Churintzio y Numarán". Quadratin (in Spanish). 5 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.