Churrio Jabal

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Churrio Jabal (Churrio Hill)
Inside the Churrio Jabal Durga Mata temple

Churrio Jabal (چوڙيو جبل, pronunciation: choo-ryo ja-bal) is a hill, named Churrio, located in Taluka Nangarparkar in the Tharparkar District in the Sindh province of Pakistan.The historic Durga Mata Temple on the Churrio Jabal is visited anually by 200,000 pilgrims annually on Shivratri[1].Hindus bring cremated ashes of their departed beloveds to immerse in the holy water.[2] The valuable and multi-coloured hill supporting the temple is mined for its rare and expensive granite, which is posing a serious threat to the Hill.[3]

Ethymology[edit]

Way leading to Churrio Jabal temple

The name Churrio (Choryo)[4] is a word from Sindhi language, derived from a word (چوڙي), to be pronounced as (Choo-rree), which means 'a bangle'; thus the word Churrio—an adjective in Sindhi language—means "belonging to/related to bangles",[5] because in the vicinity of the hill there are a number of small villages that have historically remained attached to the profession of manufacturing bangles for women. These locally manufactured bangles are then transported out of the villages to the nearby towns like Nangarparkar up to Mithi in the west and Umerkot in the north. Accordingly, culturally, the women of the area dress in heavily embroidered clothes with bangles adorning their wrists.[6]

Durga Mata temple[edit]

Churrio Durga temple is under threat from the dynamite mining

Durga Mata temple, on Churrio Jabal hill in Choryo village, is one of the two Hindu temples in this place. On the top of this Churrio Hill is a temple of Hindu goddess Durga,[7] a goddess of Hinduism, attributed as destroyer of evil, triumph of good over evil, the mother of universe, and power behind the creation, preservation, and destruction of the world.[8] Owing to Durga's temple, thousands of pilgrims, not only from Pakistan, especially the provinces of Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, but also from Nepal, India and other countries visit Churrio Hill for their religious festivals.[9] The temple is a part of Hindu religious and cultural heritage in Sindh, Pakistan.[10] On Shivratri 200,000 pilgrims visit the temples. Hindus cremate the dead and ashes are preserved till Shivratri for immersion in the into holy water. Richer Pakistani Hindus go to India to immerse the ashes in Ganges and the rest visit Nagarparkar to immerse the ashes. This area has been leased by the government for the mining by dynamite blasting of the hills on which the temples are located. This is posing a threat to the temples. Angry pilgrims held a protest against the destruction of this area by the miners.[11]

Mining[edit]

The Churrio Hill is formed of granite.[12] Compared to the neighbouring areas of Rajputana in India,where the granite is grey, the granite colour formation in Churrio is multicoloured and hence expensive.[13]

Mining is posing serious danger to the Hindu temples of the area.[7][10][11]The Hindu community protested against the mining.[14]Despite opposition by local Hindus, the digging work is going ahead.Instead of trying to put a stop to the digging activity, the Sindh government has issued a lease to a contractor to carry out the work.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.globalvillagespace.com/nagarparkar-the-land-of-history-and-architectural-marvels/
  2. ^ https://tribune.com.pk/story/130210/contractor-blasting-through-tharparkar-temple-in-search-of-granite/
  3. ^ http://www.sbi.gos.pk/pdf/granite-quarrying-project.pdf
  4. ^ "Contractor blasting through Tharparkar temple in search of granite - The Express Tribune". 9 March 2011.
  5. ^ Jam-e-Sindhi-Lughat/Sindhi-Language-Authority/2004
  6. ^ Agencies (25 September 2014). "Hindus celebrate Navratri and Durga Puja festival".
  7. ^ a b "Pvt companys excavation threatens ancient Hindu temple in Pak".
  8. ^ "Navaratri: The 9 Divine Nights".
  9. ^ "In search of granite, path to Durga's temple blown up with dynamite".
  10. ^ a b "Threat to Durga Mata Temple, Nangarparkar, Sindh".
  11. ^ a b Contractor blasting through Tharparkar temple in search of granite , The Express Tribune, 10 Mar 2011.
  12. ^ "Demographic, Social & Economic Changes in Tharparkar" (PDF).
  13. ^ http://arifhasan.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/AH-007_comp-assessment-droughtandfamine.pdf
  14. ^ https://tribune.com.pk/story/130210/contractor-blasting-through-tharparkar-temple-in-search-of-granite/?amp=1
  15. ^ https://unpo.org/article/12413