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|• Type||Federal Republic|
|• Body||Government of India|
|• Member of Parliament||Rahul Kaswan|
|• Member of legislative assembly||Rajendra Singh Rathore|
|Elevation||292 m (958 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi and Rajasthani|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Famous for temples, Havelies, Sand Dunes, Forest reserve|
Churu is a city in the desert region of Rajasthan state of India. It is known as gateway to the Thar Desert of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarter of Churu District. It lies in the Thar Desert[clarification needed] on the National Highway-65 connecting Pali to Ambala and is a junction station on the railway line to Bikaner. It is near the shifting sand dunes of the Thar Desert and has grand havelis with marvelous fresco paintings, namely Kanhaiya Lal Bagla Ki Haweli and Surana Haweli, with hundreds of small windows. It also has some fine Chhatris. Near the town is a religious seat of the Nath sect of Sadhus where there are life-size marble statues of their deities and a place for prayers. At the centre of the town is a fort built about 1400 years ago.
Founded in A.D. 1120 by Nirban clan of Rajputs, the place was named Churu after chauhans name in the Jangladesh region of the state. It was subsequently ruled by chauhan rajputs and during the war of 1871 the area came under dominance of Bikaner. Churu, like an oasis, situated in the middle of the shifting golden sand dunes, opens the gate to the Thar Desert.
Before India's independence in 1947, it was a part of Bikaner State. The district came into existence in 1948, comprising three tehsils - Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar, when the administration of Bikaner State was reorganized. Now there are six tehsils, comprising Churu, Sadulpur, Ratangarh, Sujangarh, Sardarsahar and Taranagar.
As about 6 Tehsils lie in Churu district with more than 900 villages along with 248 panchayats and about 2 million population, the economy of the town and surrounding area is mainly based on animal husbandry and hand embroidery work done by women. Due to the climatic conditions, the scope of agriculture is very low in Churu. Many women here are engaged in hand embroidery.
The main source of income for the people living in rural areas of Churu is from dairy. Churu has a small market for few agricultural produce of the area. The town has an Agricultural Produce Market Committee. The Food Corporation of India has its warehouses in Churu. The town is the main supply point for surrounding villages.
There is no medium or large size industry in the industrial area. The very few small-scale industries are granite slabs and tiles, cutting and polishing, and mustard seed crushing. The city is organized around Kalera Bass surrounding many areas like Chandani Chowk, Adarsh Nagar, Balmiki Basti, Mochiwarah and Subhash Chowk.
Geography and Climate
Churu has an average elevation of 292 m (958 ft). Churu is encircled by large shifting sand dunes. The area is scanty in vegetation. Phoge and Kair bushes and Khejri/Khejra (Prosopis cineraria), Royara and Babul trees are mainly found on the sand dunes. One can find sand dunes all over the area with a couple of small limestone hills.
The region boasts record temperatures ranging from below freezing point in the winters to over 55 degrees in the summer afternoons. Before dawn in the months of December and January one may not be surprised to notice ice in small waterpots or frozen water dews on the little vegetation. Yet one may find that summer nights are cooler and winter days are warmer. There is a great variation in minimum and the maximum temperature of Churu.
|Climate data for Churu|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.9
|Average low °C (°F)||4.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||8.1
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
As per 2001 census of India, Churu had a population of 97,627.
Males constituted 52% of the population and the remaining females. Churu has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 72% and female literacy is 51%. In Churu, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. As per the provisional reports of census of India, population of Churu in 2011 is 119,846, constituting 61,771 males and 58,075 females respectively.
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Churu railway station is a junction station on Delhi-Rewari-Bikaner route. The DEE BKN S F EX train that runs from Delhi to Bikaner via Churu also connects to Jaipur via Sikar. The railway track to Jaipur was meter gauge and now is being converted to broad gauge. Churu lies on NH 65 and is connected to all major cities by all-weather roads.
There is one sub grid station of 220 KV at Churu. The town receives power from Power Grid Corporation of India's grid station in Hissar, Haryana. Almost all villages of the Churu sub division are electrified.
The town gets drinking water from local wells which is hard and brackish. The town area drinking water supply is managed by water department of the Government of Rajasthan. The government is trying to get drinking water for the area from Indira Gandhi Canal. The main source of irrigation for farmers continues to be rain water and wells at a few places.
Safe Water Network India in association with Bhoruka Charitable Trust has augmented natural water storage at homes through Rooftop Rain Water Harvesting by creating household kunds (970) and has also refurbished existing community kunds (40) to provide water to families living in huts and children in schools. This initiative has reduced the drudgery of women and the girl child in this water-challenged region of Rajasthan.
The town has two post-graduate colleges namely Lohia College which is affiliated to University of Bikaner and Balika Mahavidalya and Government Law College, affiliated to Maharaja Ganga Singh University. There are several higher secondary, secondary and primary schools in Churu.
Major schools of Churu are: Kendriya Vidyalaya, Lords International School, Little Flower School, Shri Jain Swetambar Terapanthi Sen. Sec. School, The Walden Pond Sr. Sec. School, Lakshmipat Singhania Academy, Adarsh Vidya Mandir, Montessori School, Goenka School and Bagla Senior Secondary School which is the oldest school of Shekhawati region established by Bhagwandas Bagla.
There are few NGOs in the town namely Navyuvak Mandal Mithi Redu, Manav Pragati Sansthan, Prayas Sansthan, Marudhar Yuva Sansthan, Dudhwa Mitha, etc.
Many telecommunications service companies like BSNL, Vodafone, Airtel, Tata DoCoMo and Idea have their network in Churu. Internet and fax services are also available. Tata Teleservices caters the rural telephony in the villages having base of 70,000 users in villages.
Churu has good medical facilities. The town has a government hospital along with few private hospitals like the Hirawat Heart Care Center and Bhanu Hospital. There is also an Ayurvedic hospital in Churu.
The town has a sports stadium. It has indoor and outdoor games facilities. It has the infrastructure to hold yearly state-level tournaments. Adventure sports like Parasailing, Paramotoring, Rappelling are also organised in Churu.
Many nationalised banks Central Bank of India, State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur, Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda, Bank of Rajasthan, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank have branches in Churu. Some co-operative banks like Churu Central Cooperative Bank and Bhumi Vikas Bank also have branches in the town.
The town has a public library called Shri Sagar Jain Jila Pustkalaya.
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- Mohar Singh Rathore, social reformer and MLA & MP of Churu.
- Bharat Vyas, Indian lyricist who wrote the songs for Hindi films in 1950s and 1960s
- Kishan Singh Rathore, one of the first recipients of the Mahavir Chakra.
- Bhanwarlal Sharma, member of Legislative Assembly.
- Vinay Maloo, founder and chairman of Enso Group
- Rajendra Rathore, MLA from Taranagar constituency and Rural Development Minister in Government of Rajasthan.
- Subhash Chandra Lakhotia
- "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1971–2000 data". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Running, Status. "DEE BKN S F EX". Train running status. Trainsrunningstatus.net. Retrieved 15 June 2017.