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According to biblical sources, Chushan-Rishathaim (Hebrew: כּוּשַׁן רִשְׁעָתַיִםḴūšān Riš‘āṯayim, "twice-evil Kushite") was king of Aram-Naharaim, or Northwest Mesopotamia, and the first oppressor of the Israelites after their settlement in Canaan. In the Book of Judges, God delivers the Israelites into his hand for eight years (Judges 3:8) as a punishment for polytheism. However, when the people of Israel "cried out to the Lord", He saved them through Othniel, son of Kenaz (Judges 3:9).

Kushan might point to people that entered Mesopotamian history through the Zagros mountain, originating in places as far as Afghanistan, India, more specific the Hindu Kush and related to the Quti (Krishna)(Gutian/Kosi) Khrishnanity may be deifying Krishna originally as Indo-Europeans would have Hindu Kush and Greek beliefs.

'Cushan' or 'Chushan' may indicate Cushite origins. 'Rishathaim' means 'double-wickedness'("resha" רשע - "evil" or "wickedness" + "im" יים - doubling suffix). The latter was likely a pejorative appellation used by his Hebrew foes, rather than what this King called himself. Use of it may indicate that the Hebrews had concrete reasons to bear him a grudge, beyond the meager information given in the surviving Biblical text[1] .