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According to biblical sources, Chushan-Rishathaim (Hebrew: כּוּשַׁן רִשְׁעָתַיִם‎‎ Ḵūšān Riš‘āṯayim, "twice-evil Kushite") was king of Aram-Naharaim, or Northwest Mesopotamia, and the first oppressor of Israel. In the book of Judges God delivers the Israelites into his hand for eight years (Judges 3:8) as a punishment for polytheism. However, when the people of Israel "cried out to the Lord" he saved them through Othniel, son of Kenaz (Judges 3:9).

'Rishathaim' means 'double-wickedness' [1].