|Elevation||1,100 m (3,600 ft)|
|Time zone||UZT (UTC+5)|
|• Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+5)|
|Area code(s)||+998 6942|
Chust (Uzbek: Chust/Чуст; Tajik: Чуст; Russian: Чуст) is a city in eastern Uzbekistan. It is the administrative center of Chust District. The City of Chust is located in the northern corner of the Fergana Valley along the river Chustsoy.
Chust is one of the oldest cities in the Fergana Valley. The Fergana automobile road passes through the city. This road connects Chust with several others places, such as the cities of Namangan, Andijan, and Fergana.
Chust is one of the oldest cities in the Fergana Valley. Archaeological studies conducted in 1953, 1957, 1959, and 1961 found items dating back to the late Bronze/early Iron age in the area corresponding to present-day Chust. First scientific information about Chust can be found in A. F. Middendor's Ocherki o Ferganskoy doline (Essays About the Fergana Valley) which was published in St. Petersburg in 1882. According to local linguists, the word "chust" is a Persian word meaning "fast."
In the Middle Ages, Chust became an important fortress. Babur's father Umar Shaikh Mirza II made Chust his residence in 1480. In the 16th century, the city consisted of several small fortresses. Later, a wall surrounding these fortresses was built. In 1882, the walls of the fortress were destroyed and the city started to expand.
Over time, Chust became an important industrial center. Blacksmiths, tailors, potters, and jewelers from Chust became well-known. Doʻppis (skullcaps) and knives made in Chust became especially popular.
Following the Russian expansion into Central Asia, several new factories were built in Chust. In 1912, there were six cotton mills and one leather factory in Chust. The town was made the administrative center of the newly-created Chust District in 1926. Chust received a city status in 1969.
Chust is located 1,000 metres (3,300 ft)-1,200 metres (3,900 ft) above sea level. By road it is 41.3 kilometres (25.7 mi) to the west of the city of Namangan. The city is situated in the northern corner of the Fergana Valley along the river Chustsoy.
Like the near-by, Kosonsoy, the town has a majority of its population being Persian speaking Tajiks. It form one of many Persian speaking Tajik islands in the Uzbek majority Fergana valley of Uzbekistan.
Chust has a continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. The average July temperature is around 27 °C (81 °F). The mean temperature in January is 0 °C (32 °F).
|Climate data for Chust|
|Average high °C||4||6||12||20||25||31||33||32||26||20||13||7||19.1|
|Average low °C||−4||−2||3||9||13||19||21||19||14||8||3||−1||8.5|
|Average precipitation mm||29.9||6.5||11.7||9.2||106.1||7.4||2.9||4||5||8.7||8.3||13.4||213.1|
|Average high °F||39||43||54||68||77||88||91||90||79||68||55||45||66.4|
|Average low °F||25||28||37||48||55||66||70||66||57||46||37||30||47.1|
|Average precipitation inches||1.177||0.256||0.461||0.362||4.177||0.291||0.114||0.16||0.2||0.343||0.327||0.528||8.396|
Chust is an important center for cotton processing. It is also known for artisanal products including, notably, pocket knives and embroidered cotton skullcaps known as tubeteika (Uzbek: doʻppi). The city contains the National Knife Factory, in which metal workers "smash and grind their knives from short lengths of steel or iron, honing each blade into the desired shape with a meticulous attention to detail". Knives with a curved tip are a trademark of Chust craftsmen.
- Chust College of Pedagogy
- Chust College of Medicine
- Chust College of Agriculture
- Chust College of Economy
- Chust College of Sport in Gova village
- Chust Academic Lyceum
The well-known business magnate Alisher Usmanov, who now lives in Russia, was born in Chust in 1953. According to Forbes, the oligarch Usmanov is Russia's richest man with a fortune estimated at $17.6 billion and the world's 34th richest person. The well-known person in science, geneticist working in the field of genomics and biotechnology of cotton and other crops, the director of Center of Genomics and Biotechnology of Academy of Science of Uzbekistan, the author of newly developed cotton varieties named Porloq Dr. Ibrokhim Y. Abdurakhmonov was born in Gova village of Chust District.
- "Chust". SPR (in Russian). Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Haydarov, Murodilla (2000–2005). "Chust". Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). Toshkent: Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi.
- Zufarov, Komiljon, ed. (1979). "Chust". Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). 12. Toshkent. pp. 593–594.
- "Chust". Ensiklopedik lugʻat (in Uzbek). 2. Toshkent: Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi. 1990. p. 397. 5-89890-018-7.
- "Chust". Google Maps. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Average high/low temperature for Chust, Uzbekistan". World Weather Online. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- "Chust" (in Russian). Akademik. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Lovell-Hoare, Sophie; Lovell-Hoare, Max (8 July 2013). Uzbekistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-84162-461-7.
- "Usmanov, Alisher". Lenta (in Russian). Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Alisher Usmanov". Forbes. March 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.