Chute, Wiltshire

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Chute
Upper Chute - St Nicholas Church - geograph.org.uk - 1450651.jpg
Church of St Nicholas
Chute is located in Wiltshire
Chute
Chute
 Chute shown within Wiltshire
Population 299 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU298538
Civil parish Chute
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Andover
Postcode district SP11
Dialling code 01264
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Devizes
Website http://www.thechutes.org.uk/
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°16′59″N 1°34′26″W / 51.283°N 1.574°W / 51.283; -1.574

Chute is a civil parish in west Wiltshire, England, on the border with Hampshire. It includes the main village of Upper Chute and the smaller settlements of Lower Chute, Chute Standen, Chute Cadley and Mount Cowdown. The nearest town is Andover, Hampshire, about 6 miles (10 km) to the southeast.

Conholt House and Conholt Park are in the northeast of the parish.

Early history[edit]

Evidence of Neolithic occupation includes an oval barrow at Scotspoor, in the northeast corner of the parish.[2] The northern boundary of the parish follows a prehistoric ditch[3] and there is a prehistoric field system on Chute Down in the southwest.[4] Bevisbury, a small Iron Age fort, is just over the Hampshire border near Chute Cadley.

The Domesday book of 1086 recorded farmland and a mill at Standen.[5] In the 13th century the whole area was part of Chute Forest.[3]

Local government[edit]

Chute is a civil parish with an elected parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority. Both councils are responsible for different aspects of local government.

The nearby village of Chute Forest has its own parish council.

Upper Chute[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Nicholas is mentioned in 1320[3] and in Dean Chandler's register of 1405.[6] It was almost completely rebuilt in the period 1869-72 to designs by J.L. Pearson. The old church consisted of a chancel and nave with south transept, south porch, and west timber bell turret. The walls were faced with knapped flint and supported by prominent red-brick buttresses, and the 15th-century windows were replaced by new ones in 13th-century style. A vestry was built on the north side of the chancel, and the porch and the bell turret were replaced by a new south porch below a tower and a slated spire.[3]

The church is now part of the Savernake Team ministry[7] and also serves Chute Forest parish, following the closure of the Victorian St Mary's Church in 1970. Six bells were transferred from the redundant church to St Nicholas' in 1976.[3]

The Cross Keys Inn was built at the turn of the 19th century, and remained open as a public house until 2004, when its owners sought planning permission to turn it into residential property. A 'Save Our Pub' campaign was mounted by locals with the support of the Campaign for Real Ale, and in March 2006 the inn reopened under new ownership.

Chute Standen[edit]

A school was built on the road to Upper Chute in 1858, and was attended by pupils from the parishes of Chute and Chute Forest.[3] The architect was William White and construction was in flint with red brick dressings.[8] The school was closed in 1978 and the building became the village hall.[9]

Chute Causeway[edit]

The Chute Causeway is a section of the Roman Road that runs from Winchester northwest to Mildenhall (near Marlborough) and onwards to Cirencester. At Conholt the road deviates west to avoid the deep Hippenscombe valley, resuming its straight course near Tidcombe.[3] The length of the deviation is about 4 miles (6 km) and the Causeway forms the southern 2 12 miles (4 km).

Local folklore and legend[edit]

During the reign of Charles II the bubonic plague struck the parishes of Chute and Vernham Dean. At Vernham Dean a rector persuaded his parishioners to isolate themselves at the top of the hill along which Chute Causeway runs. When the time came for him to supply the food and care he had promised, the fear he had of the disease meant he failed to uphold his honour and left the villagers to die. He himself did not survive, even after the betrayal of his parishioners, as the plague also killed him. Since then his ghost has been seen to wander up the hill towards the campsite on the Causeway, never completing the journey he did not had the courage to finish. As he has not been seen for a long time, he may have found peace at last.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History". Chute Census Information. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Scotspoor barrow (1004731)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 16 pp108-120 - Chute". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Celtic field system on Chute Down (1003038)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Standen in the Domesday Book
  6. ^ Timmins, T.C.B., ed. (1984). "The Register of John Chandler - Dean of Salisbury 1404-17" (PDF). Wiltshire Record Society. Devizes: Alan Sutton. 39. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Chute with Chute Forest". Savenake Team. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Village School and Master's House (1067556)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  9. ^ "Village Hall". The Chutes. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  10. ^ Scanlan, David (2013). Paranormal Hampshire. Amberley Publishing. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Chute, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons

  • The Chutes - community website for the parishes of Chute and Chute Forest
  • "Chute". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 April 2016.