Chuvanskoye

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Chuvanskoye
Чуванское (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Chuvanskoye is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Chuvanskoye
Chuvanskoye
Location of Chuvanskoye in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 65°13′N 167°58′E / 65.217°N 167.967°E / 65.217; 167.967Coordinates: 65°13′N 167°58′E / 65.217°N 167.967°E / 65.217; 167.967
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Anadyrsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of October 2010)
Municipal district Anadyrsky Municipal District[2]
Rural settlement Chuvanskoye Rural Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Chuvanskoye Rural Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 209 inhabitants[3][4]
Population (January 2017 est.) 181 inhabitants[5]
Time zone PETT (UTC+12:00)[6]
Founded 1930[7]
Postal code(s)[8] 689532
Dialing code(s) +7 42732[9]

Chuvanskoye (Russian: Чуванское) is a rural locality (a selo) in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Russia,[1] located west of Markovo on the banks of the Yeropol River (a tributary of the Anadyr River meaning "place of the Yukaghir games[10]), about 780 km from the mouth of the Anadyr.[11] Population: 209 (2010 Census);[3] [4] with an estimated population as of 1 January 2015 of 188. Municipally, the village is incorporated as Chuvanskoye Rural Settlement.[2]

History[edit]

There are two theories regarding the origin of the name. The first states that Chuvanskoye is simply named after the Chuvans themselves, whereas the second theory suggests that the name is derived from an older tribe, the Cha'achen, who used to live in the area and were a Yukaghir tribe from which the Chukchi themselves eventually developed.[7]

Chuvanskoye was founded in 1930 as a collective farm, which was reorganised in the 1940s as the Chuvanskoye Kolkhoz "Znamya Sovetov"[10] (although other sources suggest the village was not formally established until 1951[12]). In the 1960s the Kolkhoz was merged with the collective farm in Markovo[7] and Lamutskoye to form the "Markovsky State Farm".[10] As a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, small villages like Chuvanskoye were extremely hard hit. In 2000, the monthly living wage across Chukotka was estimated at R.3,800 however, the average wage in Chuvanskoye was a meagre R.50-100.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Population 209 (2010 Census);[3] a significant reduction on a 2006 estimate of 290,[7] though this represented an increase from 217 reported in 2005 for an environmental impact report for the Kupol gold project.[14] Of the people living in the village in 2005, all of them were of indigenous origin.[15] Chuvanskoye and the lands surrounding it are the main area of settlement in the autonomous okrug for the Chuvans ethnic group,[16] a branch of the Yukaghir people, who lived near the Anadyr River. Almost all the men in the village spend most of their time in the Taiga with their reindeer herds.[10]

The village has a school, library and house of culture.[10]

Climate[edit]

Chuvanskoye has a continental Subarctic or Boreal (taiga) climate (Dfc).[17] The village experiences extremely cold winters. Temperatures generally do not rise above freezing between the beginning of October and the following May and are generally below -20 °C between the beginning of November and the following February. The summer is short and mild with tempateratures averaging above 10 °C in July only, although record temperatures over 30 °C have been recorded.

Climate data for Chuvanskoye
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
3.5
(38.3)
4.7
(40.5)
18
(64)
31
(88)
33
(91)
26
(79)
20
(68)
12
(54)
4
(39)
1.5
(34.7)
33
(91)
Average high °C (°F) −18.8
(−1.8)
−23
(−9)
−15.7
(3.7)
−8.6
(16.5)
3.4
(38.1)
13.2
(55.8)
14.5
(58.1)
12.3
(54.1)
6.4
(43.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
Average low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−16.2
(2.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
4.7
(40.5)
−1
(30)
−11.4
(11.5)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−10.8
(12.6)
Record low °C (°F) −53.5
(−64.3)
−53.0
(−63.4)
−49.5
(−57.1)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
1
(34)
−7
(19)
−28
(−18)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−54
(−65)
−51.9
(−61.4)
−54
(−65)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
9
(0.35)
9
(0.35)
6
(0.24)
12
(0.47)
24
(0.94)
33
(1.3)
24
(0.94)
12
(0.47)
21
(0.83)
18
(0.71)
15
(0.59)
201
(7.91)
Average snowy days 15 9 9 8 5 0 0 0 2 13 11 15 87
Source: [18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #33-OZ, Article 13.2
  2. ^ a b c d Law #148-OZ, Article 10
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b The results of the 2010 Census are given for Chuvanskoye Rural Settlement, a municipal formation of Anadyrsky Municipal District. According to Law #148-OZ, Chuvanskoye is the only inhabited locality on the territory of Chuvanskoye Rural Settlement.
  5. ^ Office of the Federal State Statistics Service for Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast, Jewish Autonomous Oblast and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Численность населения Чукотского автономного округа по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2017 года (in Russian)
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b c d Strogoff, p. 93
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation Archived 2012-02-08 at the Wayback Machine. Anadyrsky Municipal District (in Russian)
  10. ^ a b c d e Chuvanskoye at Electoral Commission of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
  11. ^ Chereshev, p.11
  12. ^ Rural Village of Chuvanskoye at Anadyr Municipal District official website
  13. ^ Chereshev, p.13
  14. ^ Bema Gold Corporation, p.87
  15. ^ Bema Gold Corporation, p.89
  16. ^ Dallman, Map 3.6
  17. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.232-5
  18. ^ "Weather Averages for Chuvanskoye". www.meoweather.com. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Bema Gold Corporation, Environmental Impact Assessment, Kupol Gold Project, Far East Russia June 2005.
  • Chereshev, E and Shestakov, A. (2003) Anadyr River Watershed, Rapid Assessment Report, Institute of biological Problems of the North, Wild Salmon Centre.
  • W. K. Dallmann. Indigenous Peoples of the north of the Russian Federation, Map 3.6, Chukotskiy Avtonomyy Okrug. 1997.
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.). (in Russian)
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №148-ОЗ от 24 ноября 2008 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №24-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение 2 к Закону Чукотского автономного округа "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №46/1 (373/1), 28 ноября 2008 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #148-OZ of November 24, 2008 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #24-OZ of April 1, 2011 On Amending Appendix 2 of the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.). (in Russian)
  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0. 
  • M Strogoff, P-C Brochet, and D. Auzias Petit Futé: Chukotka (2006). "Avant-Garde" Publishing House.