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Chuvash literature (Chuvash: Чăваш литератури) — a literature and authors who are creating in the Chuvash language. Folklore should be considered separately. The place of the creation works and publications at the same time do not matter.
The history of the Chuvash literature should be considered since the appearance in historical sources in the Chuvash language texts. Thus, we are faced with the need to speak in this context and on the gravestones left Volga Bulgars in the 13th and 14th centuries on the territory of the Middle Volga. Most of the tombstones are R, L-speaking Turkic epitaph. Consider them full-fledged literary works is not necessary. However, there is forever fixed Chuvash language times of the Golden Horde. Sometimes in plain text, you can find a certain artistry. There is plot development.
The Chuvash language belongs to the Turkic group of languages. It is therefore appropriate to talk about the monuments of ancient Turkic literature. Although they are directly to the Chuvash literature and do not apply.
The ancient Turkic literature
About the ancient Turkic literature modern people have learned mainly by studying the monuments of ancient Turkic runic writing. And Manichean writing and ancient Uighur writing.
The role of Volga Bulgars culture in the Chuvash literature
Chuvash literature created in the Chuvash language, which dates back to medieval Bulgar language. This is the principal value of the culture of the Chuvash Volga Bulgars in the literature.
The second half of the 19th century
The current new Chuvash alphabet (based on the Russian alphabet) was created in the early 70s. 19th century IY Yakovlev, a great educator and social activist. During these years, there are works of art in the Chuvash language, designed this new script. The highest achievement of the Chuvash literature of this period can be called a poem by Mikhail Fedorov "Arzuri" (1848-1904). It is written in 1884, spread among the population in the lists. It was published much later than the first time - in 1908. During these years, creating their works Ignatius Ivanov (1848-1885). He is best known as the author of a cycle of short stories titled "How to live Chuvash" Some of his creations have been published in the primer by I.Ya.Yakovlev, as well, and many other works of the Chuvash literature.
Bayonet 19th to 20th centuries (1886-1903 biennium)
The formal (conditional) the starting point of this period can be considered 1986, when Ivan Yurkin (1863-1943) wrote his first short story, he began his literary career. He's really a very large figure in the Chuvash culture and, in particular, in the literature. They were written in the years major works of literature: "Wealth," "The man is full, but his eyes were hungry." Also I.Yurkin was known as a journalist. He was an active defender of the traditional religion of the Chuvash, that is, he was its apologist.
Chuvash literature of the 20th century
See also Category:Chuvash writers
- «Чăваш литературин антологийĕ» (Chuvash literature Anthology), составители: Д. В. Гордеев, Ю. А. Силэм. Cheboksary, 2003. ISBN 5-7670-1279-2 .
- Виталий Родионов, «Чăваш литератури. XVIII—XIX ĕмĕрсем» (Chuvash literature of XVIII-XIX centuries), Cheboksary, 2006. ISBN 5-7670-1463-9.
- Юхма Мишши, "Авалхи чăвашсем" (Ancient Chuvash), Cheboksary, 1996.
- Энциклопедия | Иванов Игнатий Иванович
- Революцичченхи чăваш литератури. Текстсем. I том. Ш., 1984 — 432-435 сс.