Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture

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Chuxiong Prefecture

楚雄州
楚雄彝族自治州
Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Chuxiong Prefecture in Yunnan
Location of Chuxiong Prefecture in Yunnan
Coordinates: 25°02′N 101°33′E / 25.033°N 101.550°E / 25.033; 101.550
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQChuxiong
Area
 • Total29,256 km2 (11,296 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,684,000
 • Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Postal code
675000
Area code(s)0878
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-23
Websitecxz.gov.cn (in Chinese)

Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 楚雄彝族自治州; pinyin: Chǔxióng Yízú Zìzhìzhōu) is an autonomous prefecture located in central Yunnan Province, China. Chuxiong has an area of 29,256 km2 (11,296 sq mi). The capital of the prefecture is Chuxiong City.

Subdivisions[edit]

There is one county-level city and nine counties.

Map
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Chuxiong City 楚雄市 Chǔxióng Shì 588,620 4,482 131
Shuangbai County 双柏县 Shuāngbǎi Xiàn 159,867 4,045 40
Mouding County 牟定县 Móudìng Xiàn 208,726 1,494 140
Nanhua County 南华县 Nánhuá Xiàn 236,138 2,343 101
Yao'an County 姚安县 Yáo'ān Xiàn 197,676 1,803 110
Dayao County 大姚县 Dàyáo Xiàn 273,315 4,146 66
Yongren County 永仁县 Yǒngrén Xiàn 109,304 2,189 50
Yuanmou County 元谋县 Yuánmóu Xiàn 215,795 1,803 120
Wuding County 武定县 Wǔdìng Xiàn 271,963 3,322 82
Lufeng County 禄丰县 Lùfēng Xiàn 422,770 3,631 116

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, Chuxiong Prefecture has 2,684,000 inhabitants, and according to the 2000 Census, Chuxiong Prefecture has 2,542,530 inhabitants with a population density of 86.91 inhabitants/km2.

Ethnic groups in Chuxiong, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 1,714,851 67.45%
Yi 668,937 26.31%
Lisu 51,553 2.03%
Miao 41,077 1.62%
Dai 20,514 0.81%
Hui 20,189 0.79%
Bai 15,251 0.6%
Hani 5,376 0.21
Others 4,782 0.18%

The Chuxiong Prefecture Almanac (1993:411) lists the following two ethnic Hani subgroups and their respective locations.

The Bai language of Chuxiong is different from Bai of Dali, but the two are mutually intelligible nonetheless (Chuxiong Prefecture Almanac 1993:406)

Yi people[edit]

The Chuxiong Prefecture Ethnic Gazetteer (2013:361)[2] lists the following 13 ethnic Yi subgroups and their respective autonyms (endonyms), exonyms, and demographic information.

Subgroup Autonyms Exonyms Population Locations
Luoluo 罗罗 Luoluopu 罗罗濮, Luoluoru 罗罗儒, Laluopu 腊罗濮 White Yi 白彝族, Diga 底嘎族, Gaoshan 髙山族, Alu 阿鲁, Baijiaozi 白脚子 140,000 Chuxiong 楚雄, Nanhua 南华, Yaoan 姚安, Dayao 大姚, Yanfeng 盐丰, Mouding 牟定, Yanxing 盐兴, Guangtong 广通, Shuangbai 双柏, etc.
Lipu 俚濮 Lipu 俚濮, Maci 骂池濮 White Yi 白彝族, Li 黎族, Li 栗族, Maci 骂池族 93,800 Yongren 永仁, Yanfeng 盐丰, Dayao 大姚, Yuanmou 元谋, Luquan 禄劝, Wuding 武定, etc.
Nuosu 诺苏 Niesupu 聂苏濮 Liangshan 凉山族, Black Yi 黑彝族, Man 蛮族, Mansan 蛮散族 1,643 Yuanmou 元谋, Yongren 永仁, Wuding 武定, Luquan 禄劝, etc.
Nasu 纳苏 Nasupu 纳苏濮, Nisupu 尼苏濮 Black Yi 黑彝族, Ache 阿车族, Red Yi 红彝族, Luowu 罗武族 120,767 Luquan 禄劝, Wuding 武定, Fumin 富民, Tianmou 天谋, Guangtong 广通, Mouding 牟定, Shuangbai 双柏, etc.
Shansu 山苏 Shansuru 山苏儒 Shesu 赊苏, Shansu 山苏 37 Shuangbai 双柏
Chesu 车苏 Chesuru 车苏儒 Qisupu 气苏濮 2,769 Shuangbai 双柏
Misaru 米撒儒 Misaru 米撒儒 Menghua 蒙化, Tuzu 土族, Tujia 土家 90 Nanhua 南华, Yaoan 姚安
Miqiepu 米切濮 Miqiepu 米切濮 Micha 密岔族 7,785 Wuding 武定, Luoci 罗次, Fumin 富民, Luquan 禄劝
Gesupu 格苏濮 Gesupu 格苏濮 Yi 彝族 6,753 Yanfeng 盐丰, Wuding 武定
Sani 撒尼 Sanipu 撒尼濮 Minglang 明朗族 953 Wuding 武定, Luquan 禄劝
Shui Yi 水彝 Popei 婆胚 Shuitian White Yi 水田白彝, Shui Yi 水彝族 - Dayao 大姚, Yongren 永仁
Naluo 纳罗 Naluopu 纳罗濮, Aluopu 阿罗濮 Gan Yi 干彝族 8,522 Wuding 武定, Luquan 禄劝, Yuanmou 元谋
Gepu 葛濮 Gepu 葛濮 Gan Yi 甘彝族 747 Luquan 禄劝, Wuding 武定

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=79149
  2. ^ 楚雄彝族自治州民族事务委员会编. 2013. 楚雄彝族自治州民族志. 云南民族出版社.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°02′11″N 101°32′44″E / 25.0364°N 101.5456°E / 25.0364; 101.5456