Chuy Region

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Chuy Region

Чүй облусу
Чуйская область
Flag of Chuy Region
Flag
Coat of arms of Chuy Region
Coat of arms
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Chuy Region highlighted
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Chuy Region highlighted
Coordinates: 42°30′N 74°30′E / 42.500°N 74.500°E / 42.500; 74.500Coordinates: 42°30′N 74°30′E / 42.500°N 74.500°E / 42.500; 74.500
Country Kyrgyzstan
CapitalBishkek
Government
 • GubernatorAbdrakhmanov Sagynbek Umetalievich
Area
 • Total20,200 km2 (7,800 sq mi)
Population
 (2009-01-01)
 • Total790,438
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+6 (not observed)
ISO 3166 codeKG-C
Districts9
Cities4
Townships5
Villages331

Chuy Region or Chui Region (Kyrgyz: Чүй облусу, romanizedÇüy oblusu; Russian: Чуйская область, romanizedČujskaja oblastj) is the northernmost region (oblast) of the Kyrgyz Republic. It is bounded on the north by Kazakhstan, and clockwise, Issyk Kul Region, Naryn Region, Jalal-Abad Region and Talas Region. Its administrative center is Bishkek, but from 2003 to May 2006 it was Tokmok.

Geography[edit]

Chuy River valley

The main northwest part of the region is flat, a rarity in Kyrgyzstan. This is the valley of the Chu River. The valley's black soil is very fertile and is largely irrigated with water diverted from the Chu River. The region's Agricultural production includes wheat, maize, sugar beets, potatoes, lucerne, and various vegetables and fruits.

The Kyrgyz Ala-Too mountains form the southern border of the region, and the northern border of Talas Region. There are many hiking and trekking routes accessible from the towns in the valley. The southwestern heel of the region over the Kirgiz Alatau is geographically more like Naryn Region.

The northeast panhandle is the Chong Kemin Valley.

History[edit]

In 1926, the region became part of the newly established Kirghiz ASSR. During the Soviet period, various agro-processing and other industries were established throughout the province, giving rise to a number of urban centers such as Tokmok, Kant and Kara-Balta.

Economy[edit]

Agricultural production includes wheat, maize, sugar beets, potatoes, lucerne, and various vegetables and fruits. There is little industry in the region.

Transport[edit]

The main east-west transportation axis of the region is the Taraz-Bishkek-Balykchy highway, running through most major cities of the region. This road's section west of Bishkek is part of European route E40, known locally as Highway M-39 (based on the old USSR highway numbering scheme). The same numbers apply to the road that continues north-east from Bishkek toward Almaty, crossing the Chuy River and leaving the region for Kazakhstan at Korday border crossing.

The only railway in the region runs along the same Taraz-Bishkek-Balykchy route; it sees comparatively little use these days.

Socioeconomic indicators[edit]

Building an adobe brick house (Milyanfan)
  • Employed population: 335,200 (2009) [1]
  • Registered Unemployed Population: 6563 (in 2009)[1]
  • Export: 294.3 million US dollars (2009)[1]
  • Import: 202.5 million US dollars (2009) [1]
  • Direct Foreign Investments (2009): 57 million US dollars[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2009, Chuy Region included 4 towns, 5 urban-type settlements, and 331 villages. Its population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 790,438.

Historical populations in Chuy Region
YearPop.±%
1970621,309—    
1979698,127+12.4%
1989801,902+14.9%
1999 772,188−3.7%
2009790,438+2.4%
Note: de facto population; Source:[2]

Ethnic composition[edit]

The population is considerably more heterogeneous than that of the other regions of the country, with many ethnic Russians, Ukrainians, Dungans, Koreans, Germans, etc.

According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition (de jure population) of Chuy Region was:[2]

Ethnic group Population Proportion of Chuy Region population
Kyrgyzs 474,805 59.1%
Russians 167,135 20.8%
Dungans 49,802 6.2%
Uygurs 15,276 1.9%
Uzbeks 14,755 1.8%
Kazakhs 12,800 1.6%
Turks 11,124 1.4%
Ukrainians 10,850 1.4%
Azerbaijanis 10,196 1.3%
Tatars 6,482 0.8%
Germans 5,919 0.7%
Kurds 4,544 0.6%
Koreans 4,388 0.5%
Tajiks 2,600 0.3%
Lesgins 2,246 0.3%
Dargins 1,812 0.2%
Karachays 1,379 0.2%
Chechens 1,316 0.2%
other groups 5,801 0.7%

Districts[edit]

Looking up the Ala Archa river valley in the mountains south of Bishkek

Chuy Region is divided administratively into 8 districts, and the district-level city of Tokmok:[3][4][5][6] The Chuy District surrounds the city of Tokmok. The Alamudun District surrounds the city of Bishkek, which however is not part of Chuy Region but a province-level administrative unit in its own right. The southwestern heel is administered as two exclaves of Jaiyl and Panfilov Raions, Panfilov having a valley to the southeast and Jaiyl the mountains to the north, west and southwest. Raions below are listed from east to west.

District Capital Population (2009 Census)
Kemin District Kemin 41,924
Chuy District Chuy 44,753
City of Tokmok Tokmok 53,087
Ysyk-Ata District Kant 131,503
Alamüdün District Lebedinovka 147,208
Sokuluk District Sokuluk 158,137
Moskva District Belovodskoye 83,641
Jayyl District Kara-Balta 90,348
Panfilov District Kayyngdy (Каинда) 39,837

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyz Republic. Statistical YearBook of Kyrgyz Republic for 2005-2009 (PDF) (Report) (in Kyrgyz and Russian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-06.
  2. ^ a b Population and Housing Census 2009. Book 3 (in tables). Provinces of Kyrgyzstan: Chuy Region (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 3 (в таблицах). Регионы Кыргызстана: Чуйская область (PDF), Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-10
  3. ^ Kyrgyzstan - Джалал-Абадская область Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Чуйская областная госадминистрация: Чуйский район Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine (The Government of the Chuy Region: Chuy District) (in Russian)
  5. ^ Чуйская областная госадминистрация: Город Токмок Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine (The Government of the Chuy Region: City of Tokmok) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Чуйская областная госадминистрация: Список районов на главной странице Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine (The Government of the Chuy Region: The districts of the Chuy Oblast) (in Russian)

External links[edit]