Chyavanprash

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Chyawanprash (also spelled chyavanaprasha, chyavanaprash, chyavanaprasam, chamanprash and chyavanaprash) is a cooked mixture of sugar, honey, ghee, Indian gooseberry (amla) jam, sesame oil, berries and various herbs and spices.[1] It is prepared as per the instructions suggested in Ayurvedic texts. Chyavanprash is widely sold and consumed in India as a dietary supplement.

Origin[edit]

Chyavanprash is an ancient formulation and product.[2] Various ancient Indian texts like Mahabharata, Puranas etc., relate that Ashwini Kumar brothers, the twins, who were Raja Vaidya (Royal Physicians) to Devas during Vedic times, first prepared this formulation for Chyavana Rishi at his Ashram on Dhosi Hill near Narnaul, Haryana, India, hence the name Chyavanprash.[3] The first historically documented formula for chyavanprash appears in the Charaka Samhita, the ancient Ayurvedic treatise[4] from the early first millennium BCE.

Taste and appearance[edit]

Thick, dark liquid on a spoon
Chyavanprash is a herbal dietary supplement.

Chyavanaprash tastes sweet and sour at the same time. The taste is dominated by the flavors of honey, ghee (clarified butter) and amla, and the smell by ghee and other spices including sandalwood, cinnamon and cardamom.

Consumption[edit]

Chyavanaprash is usually consumed directly. It can also be consumed along with warm water.

Composition[edit]

The recipe of chyavanprash is mentioned in manuscripts written for ayurvedic method of treatment viz. Ashtangahridayam, Charakasamhita, Sangandharasamhita. The number of herbs used may vary from 25 to 80 but the main ingredient of all Chyavanprash is amla.[5] Other chief ingredients are:

All of the major brands of Chyavanprash were determined to be safe with respect to heavy metal content as of 2011 by Consumer Voice.[6]

Market[edit]

The market size of chyavanprash in 2010 was Indian Rs 4 billion (about US$80 million). Chyavanprash in India is marketed through film stars and sports persons such as Amitabh Bachchan, Ramdev Baba, Shahrukh Khan, Ravi Kishan, Virendra Sehwag, and Mahendra Singh Dhoni.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vora MS (2015). Rasayana: The Fountain of Life. Partridge Publishing India. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-4828-4315-6. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  2. ^ Gupta SK (2001). Pharmacology and Therapeutics in the New Millennium. Springer Netherlands. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-7923-7059-8. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  3. ^ Panda, H; Handbook On Ayurvedic Medicines With Formulae, Processes And Their Uses, 2004, p10 ISBN 978-81-86623-63-3
  4. ^ Bates, D, Knowledge and the Scholarly Medical Traditions Cambridge University Press 1995, p325 ISBN 978-0-521-49975-0
  5. ^ Johnston R (2004). The politics of healing : histories of alternative medicine in twentieth-century North America. New York: Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 0-415-93338-2.
  6. ^ Sharma R, Martins N, Kuca K, Chaudhary A, Kabra A, Rao MM, Prajapati PK (April 2019). "Chyawanprash: A Traditional Indian Bioactive Health Supplement". Biomolecules. 9 (5): 161. doi:10.3390/biom9050161. PMC 6571565. PMID 31035513.
  7. ^ Malviya S (26 January 2011). "SRK, Dhoni, Ravi Kishan do wonders for chyawanprash". Economic Times. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015.