Chynadiyovo

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Schönborn Palace in Chynadiyovo.

Chynadiyovo (Ukrainian: Чинадієвe, Чинадієво; Rusyn: Чинадійово; Hungarian: Szentmiklós, Russian: Чинадиево, Slovak: Činadno) is an urban-type settlement in Mukacheve Raion of Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine. It stands in the Latorica River valley, 10 km from the town of Mukacheve. Population: 6,940 (2016 est.)[1].

The town took its Hungarian name from the church of St. Nicholas (Szentmiklós). Its history can be traced to the 13th century. King Béla IV presented the area to his son-in-law, Rostislav Mikhailovich, in 1247. It changed hands many times in the 14th century.

Péter Perényi, who owned Szentmiklós in the early 15th century, commenced building a castle. It suffered serious damage at the hands of Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski's forces in 1657. The surviving edifice is the upshot of Francis I Rákóczi's rebuilding campaign.

After the defeat of Rákóczi's War for Independence Emperor Charles VI gave Mukacheve and Chynadiyovo to Archbishop Lothar Franz von Schönborn. A year later it passed to his nephew, Bishop Friedrich Karl von Schönborn-Buchheim.

The Schönborn era continued in Chynadiyovo well into the 20th century. The Mukachevo-Chynadiyovo estate was one of the largest in Eastern Europe. As of 1731, the estate comprised 200 villages and 4 towns, covering an area of some 2,400 km2.[1]

The town's most striking landmark is the hunting lodge of the Schönborns, originally built of timber, but rebuilt as a large country residence to a fanciful revivalist design in the 1890s.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Kolchyno, the other urban-type settlement in Mukachevo Raion of Zakarpattia Oblast

References[edit]

Coordinates: 48°29′0″N 22°50′0″E / 48.48333°N 22.83333°E / 48.48333; 22.83333