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|Headquarters||Melville, New York, USA|
The ChyronHego Corporation, formerly Chyron Corporation, headquartered in Melville, New York, is a company that specializes in broadcast graphics creation, playout, and real-time data visualization for live television, news, weather, and sports production. ChyronHego’s graphics offerings include hosted services for graphics creation and order management, on-air graphics systems, channel branding, weather graphics, graphics asset management, clip servers, social media and second screen applications, touchscreen graphics, telestration, virtual graphics and player tracking.
The Chyron graphics generator technology was originated by Systems Resources Corporation, founded in 1966 by Dr. Francis Mechner and the engineer Eugene Leonard as equal partners and sole directors and shareholders. Mechner had just sold his educational technology company Basic Systems, Inc. to Xerox Corporation, and Leonard had sold Digitronics Corporation, of which he had been president. Mechner and Leonard had previously worked together during the late 1950s at Schering Corporation, creating a computerized data collection and analysis system for its behavioral psychopharmacology laboratory.
At Systems Resources Corporation Mechner provided all capital for its first five years of operation. Leonard provided his engineering capabilities. In 1967 the company hired Joseph L. Scheuer as its Director of Engineering (he had been an engineer at Leonard’s Digitronics). During 1966-1972 Systems Resources Corporation developed several innovative digital technology-based products, including a digital graphics generator for displaying letters on the television screen that it named “Chiron.” The device controlled the edging of the displayed characters in a manner that took background variables into account.
In 1972 Systems Resources Corporation merged with a company owned by engineer Leon Weissman, who had also worked for Leonard at Digitronics (Director of Engineering, 1962 -1964). Weissman’s company had cash but no business operations. The merger provided Systems Resources Corporation with funding beyond Mechner’s contributions. The name of the merged company was Systems Resources Corporation and it was located in Plainview, New York only a few miles from the company's present location in Melville. Joseph Scheuer later became president and Leon Weissman became chairman.
Systems Resources Corporation began manufacturing dot-matrix (5×7) character generators (CG) for airport arrival and departure time displays. It also began manufacturing a clean-looking fixed-font (rom based) CG sold as the Chiron I. It featured the ability to record and retrieve lower thirds and full page text displays for news departments of TV stations as an alternative to art cards, slides or scrolling black felt.
The company built its own multi-track magnetic storage device, the VidiLoop, based on a two-foot loop of computer tape in a thick clear plastic housing. On the Chiron I it was used solely for title storage. It was also used on a few early Chiron IIs, but due to increased storage requirements it was replaced by Shugart SA901 8" floppy drives as soon as they were available.
The name Chiron was already registered in California, so by changing the I to a Y in the 1970s they were able to keep the familiar-sounding name and became initially Chyron Telesystems and, later still, Chyron Corporation, capitalizing on the product's name recognition.
The Chiron II featured up to six loadable fonts (typefaces) with, for the time, very high video resolution. The display circuits were running so fast (27 ns) that the fastest ICs available were used and had to be hand selected during manufacture as not all samples were up to par.
It was also the company's first unit to incorporate a 16-bit mini-computer known as the DataMate-70. That processor's code base was used in the Chyron IV and 4100 series systems, which were the workhorses of the mobile sports graphics industry from the late 1970s through most of the 1980s. Programs and fonts were loaded from loop or disk into computer style magnetic core memory. As the font data access needed to be done more quickly than a single core memory could achieve, four core boards were used in parallel to provide faster access. It was also the first CG that had non-monospaced fonts with adjustable inter-row and inter-character spacing.
All of that capability came at a cost too dear for many small market TV stations, and so a spin-off of a project for NBC became the Chiron III (later IIIB); a less capable system that was adequate for many TV news departments was developed and sold. It became the first mobile graphics systems of ABC Sports under Roone Arledge. It was he who pushed the increased use of graphics in sports to what it is today—a significant portion of live sports entertainment. The III's success provided the impetus for the Chyron IV, which was a modernized and reduced package size Chyron II suitable for mobile use. It quickly replaced the Chyron IIIs as the dominant sports graphics system. In 1989, Chyron released the iNFiNiT!, with the related Max!, and Maxine! coming later in the 90s.
Chyron grew into the leading hardware manufacturer and software designer of 2D and 3D broadcast character generators in North America. Chyron’s leading character generator application is Lyric, which can produce static and animated graphics for real-time playback to air. Lyric can manage and animate 2D and 3D elements produced in other compositing programs like Adobe Photoshop, Adobe After Effects, Autodesk 3DS Max, etc.
Chyron’s technology, over time, has become the basis of all television graphic effects (color, movement, non-textual graphics, scrolling, and video superposition) that have since become standard in television broadcasting.
In May 2013, Chyron Corporation merged with Sweden-based company Hego AB and its subsidiaries (collectively, "Hego Group"), a leading provider of graphics and data visualization solutions for TV and sports. The combined company was rebranded as ChyronHego and is headquartered in Melville, New York, with offices in Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Mexico, Norway, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
In 2015, the private equity firm Vector Capital bought ChyronHego for $120 million. The stock of the company, which previously traded on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol CHYR, was delisted.
- Ken Schachter, "ChyronHego stock delisted as private equity deal closes", Newsday, March 10, 2015.
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