Chytridiomycetes

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Chytridiomycetes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Chytridiomycota
Class: Chytridiomycetes
Caval.-Sm (1998)[1]
Orders

Chytridiales
Lobulomycetales
Rhizophydiales
Rhizophlyctidales
Spizellomycetales
Cladochytriales
Polychytriales
Gromochytriales
Mesochytriales

Chytridiomycetes (/kˌtrɪdimˈstz, -ˈsts/[2]) is a class of fungi. Members are found in soil, fresh water, and saline estuaries. They are primitive fungi, and are first known from the Rhynie chert.[3] It has recently been redefined to exclude the taxa Neocallimastigomycota and Monoblepharidomycetes, which are now a phylum and a sister-class respectively.[4]

Chytridiomycetes is the major class of the phylum Chytridiomycota,[5] which contains a number of parasitic species. At least two species in this class are known to infect a number of amphibian species.[6]

Phylogeny[edit]

Based on the work of "The Mycota: A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi as Experimental Systems for Basic and Applied Research",[7] Powell and Letcher 2015[8]


?Mesochytriales

Mesochytriaceae Karpov & Aleoshin 2014


?Gromochytriales

Gromochytriaceae Karpov & Aleoshin 2014



Polytrichiales

Polytrichiaceae Longcore & Simmons 2012


Cladochytriales

Nowakowskiellaceae Sparrow ex Mozley-Standridge 2009



Septochytriaceae Mozley-Standridge 2009



Cladochytriaceae Schröter 1892



Endochytriaceae Sparrow ex Barr 1980






Synchytriales

Synchytriaceae Schröter 1892


Lobulomycetales

Lobulomycetaceae Simmons 2009




Chytridiales

Achlyogetonaceae Sparrow 1942



Chytriomycetaceae Letcher 2011



Chytridiaceae Nowakowski 1878





Spizellomycetales

Caulochytriaceae Subram. 1974



Powellomycetaceae



Spizellomycetaceae Barr 1980



Rhizophlyctidales

Arizonaphlyctidaceae



Borealophlyctidaceae



Sonoraphlyctidaceae



Rhizophlyctidaceae




Rhizophydiales

Gorgonomycetaceae Letcher 2006





Kappamycetaceae Letcher 2006



Alphamycetaceae Letcher 2008






Halomycetaceae Letcher & Powell 2015




Protrudomycetaceae Letcher 2008




Angulomycetaceae Letcher 2008



Aquamycetaceae Letcher 2008







Terramycetaceae Letcher 2006




Dinomycetaceae Karpov & Guillou 2014




Coralloidiomycetaceae Doweld 2014




Uebelmesseromycetaceae Powell & Letcher 2015




Operculomycetaceae Doweld 2014




Batrachochytriaceae Doweld 2013




Globomycetaceae Letcher 2008




Pateramycetaceae Letcher 2008



Rhizophydiaceae Werderm. 1954

















References[edit]

  1. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of Life". Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 73 (3): 203–266. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. 
  2. ^ OED; Howjsay
  3. ^ Taylor TN, Remy W, Hass H (1992). "Fungi from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert: Chytridiomycetes". American Journal of Botany. 79 (11): 1233–1241. doi:10.2307/2445050. JSTOR 2445050. 
  4. ^ Hibbett DS, et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. 
  5. ^ Sharma PD (2005). Fungi and Allied Organisms. Alpha Science International. ISBN 978-1-84265-277-0. 
  6. ^ Berger L, Speare R, Hyatt A (1999). "Chytrid Fungi and Amphibian Declines: Overview, Implications and Future Directions". In Campbell A. Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs (PDF). Environment Australia. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-11. 
  7. ^ Esser K (2014). The Mycota VII A: Systematics and Evolution (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 461. ISBN 978-3-642-55317-2. 
  8. ^ Powell; Letcher (2015). A new genus and family for the misclassified chytrid, Rhizophlyctis harderi (in press). Mycologia. doi:10.3852/14-223. Retrieved 2016-08-23.