Chytridiomycetes

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Chytridiomycetes
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Division:
Class:
Chytridiomycetes

Orders
Synonyms
  • Archimycetes Fischer 1892
  • Chytridiomycetidae Scagel et al. 1965
  • Rumpomycetes Cavalier-Smith 1987
  • Rupomycetidae Cavalier-Smith 1998 emend. 2013
  • Spizomycetidae Cavalier-Smith 1998

Chytridiomycetes (/kɪˌtrɪdimˈstz, -ˈsts/[2]) is a class of fungi. Members are found in soil, fresh water, and saline estuaries. They are first known from the Rhynie chert.[3] It has recently been redefined to exclude the taxa Neocallimastigomycota and Monoblepharidomycetes, which are now a phylum and a sister-class respectively.[4]

Chytridiomycetes is the major class of the phylum Chytridiomycota,[5] which contains a number of parasitic species. At least two species in this class are known to infect a number of amphibian species.[6]

Phylogeny[edit]

Based on the work of "The Mycota: A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi as Experimental Systems for Basic and Applied Research",[7] Powell and Letcher 2015[8] and Karpov et al. 2014[9].

Synchytriales

Synchytriaceae Schröter 1892

Gromochytriales

Gromochytriaceae Karpov & Aleoshin 2014

Mesochytriales

Mesochytriaceae Karpov & Aleoshin 2014

Lobulomycetales

Alogomycetaceae Doweld 2014

Lobulomycetaceae Simmons 2009

Polytrichiales

Arkayaceae Doweld 2014

Polytrichiaceae Longcore & Simmons 2012

Cladochytriales

Catenochytridiaceae Doweld 2014

Nowakowskiellaceae Sparrow ex Mozley-Standridge 2009

Septochytriaceae Mozley-Standridge 2009

Cladochytriaceae Schröter 1892

Endochytriaceae Sparrow ex Barr 1980

Chytridiales

Chytriomycetaceae Letcher 2011

Chytridiaceae Nowakowski 1878

Blyttiomyces Bartsch 1939

Spizellomycetales

Caulochytriaceae Subram. 1974

Powellomycetaceae Simmons 2011

Spizellomycetaceae Barr 1980

Rhizophlyctidales

Arizonaphlyctidaceae

Borealophlyctidaceae

Sonoraphlyctidaceae

Rhizophlyctidaceae

Rhizophydiales

Entophlyctis helioformis (Dangeard 1886) Ramsbottom 1916

Protrudomycetaceae Letcher 2008

Angulomycetaceae Letcher 2008

Aquamycetaceae Letcher 2008

Kappamycetaceae Letcher 2006

Gorgonomycetaceae Letcher 2006

Alphamycetaceae Letcher 2008

Terramycetaceae Letcher 2006

Dinomycetaceae Karpov & Guillou 2014

Coralloidiomycetaceae Doweld 2014

Uebelmesseromycetaceae Powell & Letcher 2015

Operculomycetaceae Doweld 2014

Batrachochytriaceae Doweld 2013

Batrachochytriaceae Doweld 2013

Globomycetaceae Letcher 2008

Pateramycetaceae Letcher 2008

Rhizophydiaceae Werderm. 1954

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of Life". Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 73 (3): 203–266. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012.
  2. ^ OED; Howjsay
  3. ^ Taylor TN, Remy W, Hass H (1992). "Fungi from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert: Chytridiomycetes". American Journal of Botany. 79 (11): 1233–1241. doi:10.2307/2445050. JSTOR 2445050.
  4. ^ Hibbett DS, et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334.
  5. ^ Sharma PD (2005). Fungi and Allied Organisms. Alpha Science International. ISBN 978-1-84265-277-0.
  6. ^ Berger L, Speare R, Hyatt A (1999). "Chytrid Fungi and Amphibian Declines: Overview, Implications and Future Directions". In Campbell A (ed.). Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs (PDF). Environment Australia. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-11.
  7. ^ Esser K (2014). The Mycota VII A: Systematics and Evolution (2nd ed.). Springer. p. 461. ISBN 978-3-642-55317-2.
  8. ^ Powell; Letcher (2015). "A new genus and family for the misclassified chytrid, Rhizophlyctis harderi (in press)". Mycologia. 107 (2): 419–31. doi:10.3852/14-223. PMID 25572098. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  9. ^ Karpov, et al. (March 2014). "Gromochytrium mamkaevae gen. & sp. nov. and two new orders: Gromochytriales and Mesochytriales (Chytridiomycetes)". Persoonia. 32: 115–126. doi:10.3767/003158514X680234. PMC 4150072. PMID 25264386.