Ciales, Puerto Rico

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Ciales, Puerto Rico
Town and Municipality
Horse-back riding in Ciales barrio-pueblo
Horse-back riding in Ciales barrio-pueblo
Flag of Ciales, Puerto Rico
Flag
Coat of arms of Ciales, Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"La Ciudad de la Cojoba", "La Tierra del Café", "Pueblo de los Valerosos"
Anthem: "El cantar de tus ríos es mensaje"
Location of Ciales in Puerto Rico
Location of Ciales in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°20′10″N 66°28′08″W / 18.33611°N 66.46889°W / 18.33611; -66.46889Coordinates: 18°20′10″N 66°28′08″W / 18.33611°N 66.46889°W / 18.33611; -66.46889
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedJune 24, 1820
Government
 • MayorLuis "Rolan" Maldonado (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.3 - Arecibo
 • Representative dist.13
Area
 • Total172.17 km2 (66.48 sq mi)
 • Land172 km2 (66 sq mi)
 • Water.17 km2 (0.07 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total18,782
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Cialeños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00638
Major routesPR secondary 140.svg PR secondary 145.svg PR secondary 146.svg PR secondary 149.svg PR secondary 157.svg Ellipse sign 144.svg

Ciales (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsjales]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.), located on the Central Mountain Range, northwest of Orocovis; south of Florida and Manatí; east of Utuado and Jayuya; and west of Morovis. Ciales is spread over eight wards and Ciales Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Manatí Bridge at Mata de Plátano, in Ciales, Puerto Rico

Ciales was founded on June 24, 1820 by Isidro Rodríguez. When after the Treaty of Paris (1898), the U.S. conducted its first census of Puerto Rico, the population of Ciales was 18,155.[1]

The first truss bridge erected in Puerto Rico, after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, is in Ciales. It is over the Río Grande de Manatí and is on the list of National Historic places of Puerto Rico.

Geography[edit]

Ciales, Puerto Rico

Ciales[2] has a forest reserve called Toro Negro Forest Reserve and a number of rivers including: Río Cialitos, Río Grande de Manatí, Río Toro Negro, and Río Yunes.

There are 18 bridges in Ciales.[3]

Barrios[edit]

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Ciales is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[4][5][6][7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
190018,115
191018,3981.6%
192020,73012.7%
193020,492−1.1%
194022,90611.8%
195019,464−15.0%
196018,106−7.0%
197015,595−13.9%
198016,2113.9%
199018,08411.6%
200019,8119.5%
201018,782−5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1899 (shown as 1900)[10] 1910-1930[11]
1930-1950[12] 1960-2000[13] 2010[6]

Energy consortium[edit]

National Guard of New York delivering water to Ciales after Hurricane Maria

An Energy Consortium was signed in late February, 2019 by Villalba, Orocovis, Morovis, Ciales and Barranquitas municipalities. The consortium is the first of its kind for the island. It is intended to have municipalities work together to safeguard and create resilient, and efficient energy networks, with backups for their communities. This is part of the hurricane preparedness plan of these municipalities, which were hit particularly hard by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017.[14]

Tourism[edit]

Sky with clouds above mountains in Ciales, Puerto Rico
Sign for Three King's Day Festival in Manatí Central Plaza.

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Coffee Museum, Ciales, Puerto Rico

Some places of interest in Ciales include:[2]

  • Negrón Plantation (in Spanish: Hacienda Negrón)
  • Las Archillas Cave
  • Las Golondrinas Cave
  • Yuyú Cave[15]
  • Parada Choferil
  • Toro Negro Forest Reserve
  • Chorro de Doña Juana[16]
  • Paseo Lineal Juan Antonio Corretjer, a lookout[17]
  • Coffee Museum Spanish: Museo del Café[18]
Young people horse-back riding in Ciales, Puerto Rico

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Ciales fiestas patronales or Patron Saint's Festival, in Honor of "Our Lady of the Rosary", and "Saint Joseph the Patriarch", are held in October. Other Ciales festivals are:[2]

  • Three King's Day, held in January
  • Corretjer Cantata, held in March
  • Fresh Water Festival (in Spanish: Agua Dulce Festival), held in August
  • Frontón Festival, held in July
  • Saint Elías Festival, held in July

Sports[edit]

Ciales is the home town of Juan "Pachín" Vicens - Puerto Rico's undisputed national basketball star, named Best Player in the World at the 1959 World Basketball Championship, Santiago de Chile (a.k.a., Juan "Pachín" Vicens, "Astro del Balón", "El Jeep"; younger brother of Puerto Rico's National Poet, Nimia Vicens, who also hailed from Ciales). Their middle brother, Enrique "Coco" Vicens, a former Puerto Rico Senator, was a track and field athlete in his own right.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture; coffee & cattle

Special Communities Program[edit]

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[19] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[20] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[21][22] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Ciales: Sector El Hoyo in Pozas, Calle Morovis, Comunidad Los Ortega, Cruces-Cialitos, Parcelas Cordillera, Parcelas María, Parcelas Seguí, Santa Clara, and Toro Negro.[23]

Government[edit]

Town Hall in Ciales barrio-pueblo, Puerto Rico

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Ciales is Luis Rolan Maldonado, of the progressive new party (PNP). He was elected at the 2016 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district III, which is represented by two Senators. In 2008, José Emilio González Velázquez and Angel Martínez Santiago were elected as District Senators.[24]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag is divided into seven unequal stripes described in sequence: yellow, red, yellow, purple, yellow, red, and yellow.[2]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms consists of a gold shield with a lion standing on its rear legs and silver-plated nails grasping a silver coiled parchment between its front claws. The lion also shows a red tongue. Above the lion in the superior part of the shield are located three heraldic roses arranged horizontally with red petals and green leaves. A golden crown of three towers rests on the shield. The three towers are united by walls, simulating masonry blocks. The shield is surrounded by a crown of coffee tree branches with their berries, all in natural colors.[2]

Transportation[edit]

There is a public transportation terminal in downtown Ciales.

Ciales, Puerto Rico Terminal for public transportation

Notable people from Ciales[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 161.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Ciales Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ "Ciales Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  5. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  7. ^ "Map of Ciales at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  8. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  10. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  11. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  12. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  14. ^ Vazquez, Priscilla. "Asociación de Industriales de Puerto Rico". Industriales Puerto Rico.
  15. ^ "Cueva Yuyu". May 2, 2016.
  16. ^ "Chorro de doña Juana". May 2, 2016.
  17. ^ "Paseo Lineal Juan Antonio Corretjer - ZeePuertoRico.com". www.zeepuertorico.com.
  18. ^ "Coffee Museum Puerto Rico Day Trips Travel Guide". www.puertoricodaytrips.com.
  19. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  20. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  23. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  24. ^ Elecciones Generales 2008: Escrutinio General Archived November 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR

External links[edit]