Ciales, Puerto Rico
Ciales, Puerto Rico
Town and Municipality
Horse-back riding in Ciales barrio-pueblo
"La Ciudad de la Cojoba", "La Tierra del Café", "Pueblo de los Valerosos"
|Anthem: "El cantar de tus ríos es mensaje"|
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Ciales Municipality
|Founded||June 24, 1820|
|• Mayor||Luis "Rolan" Maldonado (PNP)|
|• Senatorial dist.||3 - Arecibo|
|• Representative dist.||13|
|• Total||66.48 sq mi (172.17 km2)|
|• Land||66 sq mi (172 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (.17 km2)|
|• Density||280/sq mi (110/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AST)|
Ciales (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsjales]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico, located on the Central Mountain Range, northwest of Orocovis; south of Florida and Manatí; east of Utuado and Jayuya; and west of Morovis. Ciales is spread over eight barrios and Ciales Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. In 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Ciales was 18,115.
The first truss bridge erected in Puerto Rico, after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, is in Ciales. It is over the Río Grande de Manatí and is on the list of National Historic places of Puerto Rico.
Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017 leaving all municipalities, including Ciales, without power for months. Three months after the hurricane struck engineers were hoping to have service established at least for the Ciales barrio-pueblo (downtown) area.
An Energy Consortium was signed in late February, 2019 by Villalba, Orocovis, Morovis, Ciales and Barranquitas municipalities. The consortium is the first of its kind for the island. It is intended to have municipalities work together to safeguard and create resilient, and efficient energy networks, with backups for their communities. This is part of the hurricane preparedness plan of these municipalities, which were hit particularly hard by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017.
There are 18 bridges in Ciales.
Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Ciales is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".
Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions) in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (which means sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.
Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Ciales: Sector El Hoyo in Pozas, Calle Morovis, Comunidad Los Ortega, Cruces-Cialitos, Parcelas Cordillera, Parcelas María, Parcelas Seguí, Santa Clara, and Toro Negro.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010
Landmarks and places of interest
Some places of interest in Ciales include:
- Hacienda Negrón
- Las Archillas Cave
- Las Golondrinas Cave
- Yuyú Cave
- Parada Choferil
- Toro Negro Forest Reserve
- Chorro de Doña Juana
- Paseo Lineal Juan Antonio Corretjer, a lookout
- Museo del Café, a coffee museum
Festivals and events
Ciales celebrates its patron saint festival in October. The Fiestas Patronales de Nuestra Señora del Rosario y San Jose is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.
Other festivals and events celebrated in Ciales include:
- Three King's Day, held in January
- Corretjer Cantata, held in March
- Fresh Water Festival (in Spanish: Agua Dulce Festival), held in August
- Frontón Festival, held in July
- Saint Elías Festival, held in July
Ciales is the home town of Juan "Pachín" Vicens - Puerto Rico's national basketball star, named Best Player in the World at the 1959 World Basketball Championship, Santiago de Chile (a.k.a., Juan "Pachín" Vicens, "Astro del Balón", "El Jeep"; younger brother of Puerto Rico's National Poet, Nimia Vicens, who also hailed from Ciales). Their middle brother, Enrique "Coco" Vicens, a former Puerto Rico Senator, was a track and field athlete in his own right.
Agriculture; coffee & cattle
All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Ciales is Luis Rolan Maldonado, of the Progressive New Party (PNP). He was elected at the 2016 general elections.
The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district III, which is represented by two Senators. In 2008, José Emilio González Velázquez and Angel Martínez Santiago were elected as District Senators.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms consists of a gold shield with a lion standing on its rear legs and silver-plated nails grasping a silver coiled parchment between its front claws. The lion also shows a red tongue. Above the lion in the superior part of the shield are located three heraldic roses arranged horizontally with red petals and green leaves. A golden crown of three towers rests on the shield. The three towers are united by walls, simulating masonry blocks. The shield is surrounded by a crown of coffee tree branches with their berries, all in natural colors.
There is a public transportation terminal in downtown Ciales.
Notable people from Ciales
- Juan Antonio Corretjer - Nationalist
- Ed Figueroa - MLB Baseball Player
- Juan Figueroa - President of Universal Health Care Foundation of Connecticut
- Luis Maldonado - Politician
- Ángel Chayanne Martínez - Politician
- Mercedes Otero - Politician
- José L. Rivera - USMC, recipient of the Navy Cross
- Juan José Rodríguez Pérez - Politician
- Hiram Rosado - Nationalist
- Luis Sánchez Morales - Politician
- Adalberto Santiago - Salsa singer
- Enrique "Coco" Vicéns - Basketball Player
- Juan "Pachín" Vicéns - Basketball Player
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