Cibin

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Cibin
Guraro-zibin.jpg
The Cibin at Gura Râului
Countries Romania
Counties Sibiu County
Tributaries
 - left Săliște, Hârtibaciu
 - right Sadu
Towns Sibiu
Source Confluence of headwaters Râul Mare and Râul Mic
 - location Cindrel Mountains
Mouth Olt River
 - location near Tălmaciu
 - coordinates 45°38′51″N 24°17′29″E / 45.64750°N 24.29139°E / 45.64750; 24.29139Coordinates: 45°38′51″N 24°17′29″E / 45.64750°N 24.29139°E / 45.64750; 24.29139
Length 82 km (51 mi)
Basin 2,184 km2 (843 sq mi)
Discharge mouth
 - average 14.7 m3/s (519 cu ft/s)
Progression OltDanubeBlack Sea

Cibin (German: Zibin; Hungarian: Szeben) is a river in central Romania, in the south part of Transylvania. Its source is in the Cindrel Mountains (known also as Cibin Mountains) of the Southern Carpathian Mountains. The river is formed at the confluence of two headwaters: Râul Mare and Râul Mic. The river flows entirely in Sibiu County. The source is close to the highest peak in the Cibin Mountains.

It is an important tributary of the Olt River, flowing into this close to Tălmaciu, in the immediate vicinity of the Podu Olt railway station. Its total length is of 82 km.

The river forms the depression (Sibiu Depression) in which lies the city of Sibiu, through which it flows. Close to the mountains, the river flows through the Mărginimea Sibiului area, known for its strong Romanian traditions. Two of the biggest communes of Sibiu CountyGura Râului and Orlat – are situated on the river banks.

The economical importance or the river comes from the dam close to Gura Râului, which, besides generating electrical power, represents the biggest source of drinking water for the city of Sibiu. Also a few construction aggregate quarries stations are situated on the river.

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Cibin:

Left: Râul Mic, Breaza, Săliște (near Orlat), Rusciori, Hârtibaciu (near Veştem)

Right: Râul Mare, Valea Cărbunarului, Valea Mare, Mărăjdia, Valea Lupului, Trinkbach, Valea Aurie, Valea Săpunului, Sebeş, Cisnădie, Râul Tocilelor, Pârâul Sărății, Sadu (near Tălmaciu), Lungșoara

References[edit]

  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Sibiu[1]

Maps[edit]

  • Harta Munții Cibin[2]
  • Harta Munții Cindrelului[3]
  • Harta județului Sibiu[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trasee turistice - judetul Sibiu". E-calauza.ro. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  2. ^ "Cibin maps". Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  3. ^ "Cindrel maps". Retrieved 2012-06-29. 
  4. ^ "Harta Judetul Sibiu". Harta-turistica.ro. Retrieved 2012-03-06.