Cibola County, New Mexico

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Cibola County
Cibola County Courthouse in Grants
Cibola County Courthouse in Grants
Map of New Mexico highlighting Cibola County
Location within the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°55′N 107°59′W / 34.92°N 107.99°W / 34.92; -107.99
Country United States
State New Mexico
FoundedJune 19, 1981
SeatGrants
Largest cityGrants
Area
 • Total4,542 sq mi (11,760 km2)
 • Land4,539 sq mi (11,760 km2)
 • Water2.3 sq mi (6 km2)  0.05%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
26,675
 • Density6.0/sq mi (2.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.co.cibola.nm.us

Cibola County is a county in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,213.[1] Its county seat is Grants.[2] It is New Mexico's youngest county, and the third youngest county in the United States, created on June 19, 1981, from the westernmost four-fifths of the formerly much larger Valencia County.

Cibola County comprises the Grants, New Mexico Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county is a rich mining area with numerous Uranium mines.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,542 square miles (11,760 km2), of which 4,539 square miles (11,760 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.05%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
199023,794
200025,5957.6%
201027,2136.3%
2019 (est.)26,675[4]−2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2019[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[9] there were 25,595 people, 8,327 households, and 6,278 families living in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 10,328 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 39.61% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 40.32% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.44% from other races, and 3.24% from two or more races. 33.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,327 households, out of which 38.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.60% were married couples living together, 18.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.70% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,774, and the median income for a family was $30,714. Males had a median income of $27,652 versus $20,078 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,731. About 21.50% of families and 24.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.00% of those under age 18 and 17.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 27,213 people, 8,860 households, and 6,274 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 6.0 inhabitants per square mile (2.3/km2). There were 11,101 housing units at an average density of 2.4 per square mile (0.93/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 41.8% white, 41.0% American Indian, 1.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 12.4% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 36.5% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 5.4% were Irish, and 1.5% were American.[12]

Of the 8,860 households, 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.2% were non-families, and 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.30. The median age was 36.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,361 and the median income for a family was $41,187. Males had a median income of $36,027 versus $25,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,712. About 20.1% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.7% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Education[edit]

The Mining Museum in Grants

All public schools in the county are operated by Grants/Cibola County Schools.

Due to an agreement between Cibola County and McKinley County, residents of the Ramah Navajo Indian Reservation are bussed to schools in Ramah in McKinley County (including Ramah Middle/High School) even though they are physically in Cibola County due to the long distance of the nearest Cibola County schools away from the reservation.[14]

Corrections[edit]

Cibola County is home to three prisons:

In November 2018, following a private autopsy, a unit of the Cibola County Correctional Center (CCCC) was named in the abuse and wrongful death on May 25, 2018, of Roxsana Hernández Rodríguez. Rodríguez was a 33yo transgender immigrant from Honduras. The CCCC is operated under contract by CoreCivic.[18][19]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Cibola County, New Mexico[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,975 44.65% 4,745 53.30% 183 2.06%
2016 3,195 39.63% 3,741 46.40% 1,127 13.98%
2012 2,998 36.37% 4,961 60.18% 284 3.45%
2008 3,131 34.42% 5,827 64.05% 139 1.53%
2004 3,477 46.44% 3,913 52.26% 97 1.30%
2000 2,752 38.83% 4,127 58.23% 209 2.95%
1996 2,245 32.63% 4,030 58.58% 605 8.79%
1992 2,051 32.64% 3,334 53.06% 899 14.31%
1988 2,640 43.02% 3,458 56.35% 39 0.64%
1984 3,578 53.09% 3,140 46.59% 22 0.33%


Cibola County tends to support the Democratic Party. Only once in its history (1984) has it voted for a Republican presidential nominee, when Ronald Reagan won the county in his 49-state landslide.

At the state level, the only time it has voted for a Republican nominee for Governor was 2014, when Susana Martinez carried all but five counties in her reelection bid.

Communities[edit]

Acoma Pueblo, "Sky City", 2008
South side of Inscription Rock, El Morro National Monument. Photo by Timothy H. O'Sullivan, 1873.

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  14. ^ Linthicum, Leslie (March 6, 1995). "Navajos Say County Is Stealing Students". Albuquerque Journal. Albuquerque, New Mexico. pp. A1, A3. - Clipping of first and of second page at Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ CoreCivic. "CoreCivic: Better the Public Good". cca.com. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  16. ^ "Cibola County Correctional Center". Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  17. ^ "Western New Mexico Correctional Facility". New Mexico Corrections Department. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  18. ^ Bixby, Scott; Betsy Woodruff (November 26, 2018). "Trans Woman Was Beaten in ICE Custody Before Death, Autopsy Finds". The Daily Beast. The Daily Beast Company. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  19. ^ admin. "Justice for Roxsana: Announcing Legal Action To Hold Government Accountable for Transgender Asylum-Seeker's Death". TransGender Law Center. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
General

Further reading[edit]

  • Baldwin, J.A. and D.R. Rankin. (1995). Hydrogeology of Cibola County, New Mexico [Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4178]. Albuquerque: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Maxwell, C.H. (1989). Mineral resources of the Petaca Pinta wilderness study area, Cibola County, New Mexico [U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1734-H]. Denver: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cibola County, New Mexico at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 34°55′N 107°59′W / 34.92°N 107.99°W / 34.92; -107.99