Cicadella viridis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cicadella viridis
Cicadella viridis en Oroso. Galiza.jpg
Cicadella viridis, side view
Cicadellidae - Cicadella viridis.JPG
Upperside
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Cicadellidae
Genus: Cicadella
Species: C. viridis
Binomial name
Cicadella viridis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Cicadella viridis, the 'Green Leafhoppers', is a species of belonging to the family Cicadellidae subfamily Cicadellinae.

Distribution[edit]

This species is present in most of Europe, in eastern Palearctic ecozone, in the Near East, in the Nearctic ecozone, and in the Oriental ecozone. [1]

Habitat[edit]

These leafhoppers inhabit rough grassy areas, peat bogs and mires, wet meadows, near marshes or in swampy habitats, but sometimes live also in drier areas. [2][3]

Description[edit]

The adult males of Cicadella viridis can reach a length of 5.7–7 millimetres (0.22–0.28 in), but the females are quite larger than the males, reaching 7.5–9 millimetres (0.30–0.35 in). [2][3]

Their pronotum and scutellum are green and yellow. [3] The front head is pale yellow, with two black spots near the compound eyes. The forewings are turquoise green in the females, blue or dark bluish in males (sexual dimorphism). [3] The abdomen is bluish-black.

The larvae are yellowish and have two brownish stripes running from head to the end of the abdomen.

Biology[edit]

Adult leafhoppers can mostly be encountered from July through October. [2][3]

These leafhoppers are polyphagous, feeding on the sap of various species of herbaceous plants, mainly Juncus effusus (Juncaceae sp.), Carex [4] and Scirpus sylvaticus (Cyperaceae sp.), Holcus mollis (Poaceae sp.), Galium palustre (Rubiaceae) and Fabaceae species. [2]

Cicadella viridis may have one or more generations per year. In the colder parts of Europe, there is one generation per year, in the warmer parts two, and in some regions even three generations. In the temperate climate of Europe, females lay eggs in late August - early November. This species overwinters in the egg stage. Nymphs appear in the spring. The transformation of nymphs into adults occurs in June or in July.

The 'Green Leafhoppers' are mainly preyed by spiders (Parasteatoda tepidariorum, Dolomedes fimbriatus, Tetragnatha extensa). [2] Possible paratites are several Dryinidae species.[2] Moreover several parasitoids of the family Mymaridae (Anagrus species) lay their eggs in eggs of these leafhoppers. [5][6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fauna Europaea: Cicadella viridis
  2. ^ a b c d e f J. K. Lindsey. Commanster
  3. ^ a b c d e Naturespot.org: Cicadella viridis (green leaf hopper)
  4. ^ Herbert Nickel & Reinhard Remane Check list of the planthoppers and leafhoppers of Germany, with notes on food plants, diet width, life cycles, geographic range and conservation status (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha and Cicadomorpha
  5. ^ Mark A. Jervis. Insects as Natural Enemies: A Practical Perspective. — The Netherlands: «Springer», 2007. — С. 130. — 748 с. — ISBN 978-1-4020-1734-6.
  6. ^ Elisabetta Chiappini, Maria Luisa Dindo, Ilaria Negri & Luca Sighinolfi In vitro rearing of Anagrus breviphragma (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of Cicadella viridis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), from second instar larva to adult on diets without insect components European Journal of Entomology, 2004. — Vol. 101. — P. 419–422. — ISSN 1210-5759

External links[edit]