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Cichlasoma dimerus.JPG
Cichlasoma dimerus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Cichlinae
Genus: Cichlasoma
Swainson, 1839
Type species
Labrus bimaculatus
Linnaeus, 1758

Cichlasoma is a genus of fish in the cichlid family. The genus was previously very large (a wastebasket taxon), including cichlids from Texas, North America, through all of Central America to parts of South America.

Reclassification and subsequent splitting of the genus by Sven O. Kullander and other ichthyologists has resulted in removing many of the former species from the genus Cichlasoma.[1] Several taxa now being placed within separate genera such as Amphilophus, Archocentrus, Herichthys, Heros, Nandopsis, Parachromis, Thorichthys, Vieja and a number of others.


There are currently 32 recognized species in this genus:


  1. ^ a b c McMahan, C.D.; Matamoros, W.A.; Piller, K.R. & Chakrabarty, P. (2015). "Taxonomy and systematics of the herichthyins (Cichlidae: Tribe Heroini), with the description of eight new Middle American Genera" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3999 (2): 211–234. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3999.2.3.