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ButterflyPeacockBass 01.jpg
Two extremes from the subfamily: The very large Cichla monoculus above and the tiny Teleocichla cinderella below
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Subfamily: Cichlinae
Bonaparte 1835[1]

The Cichlinae are a subfamily of fishes in the cichlid family, native to South America.

This subfamily consists of approximately 117 described species as of July 2017. [2].


They are predatory and relatively elongated in shape. Of the three genera in the subfamily, some species of Cichla reach almost 1 m (3.3 ft) in length, making them by far the largest cichlids of South America, and among the largest cichlids anywhere. In contrast, Teleocichla species are among the smallest cichlids of South America, and most species only reach around 6 cm (2.4 in) in length. The genus Crenicichla is one of the most speciose of South American genera, with more than 120 recognized species.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Van der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (11 November 2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa Monograph 3882: 1–230. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1. 
  2. ^