Ciclesonide

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ciclesonide
Ciclesonide.svg
Ciclesonide ball-and-stick from crystal.png
Clinical data
Other names(11β, 16α)-16, 17-[[(R)-cyclohexylmethylene]bis(oxy)]-11-hydroxy-21- (2-methyl-1-oxopropoxy)- pregna-1, 4-diene-3, 20-dione
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
MedlinePlusa607008
Pregnancy
category
  • AU: B3
Routes of
administration
Nasal inhalation
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • AU: S4 (Prescription only)
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
  • US: ℞-only
Identifiers
  • 2-[(1S, 2S, 4R, 8S, 9S,11S, 12S, 13R)-6-cyclohexyl-11-hydroxy-9, 13-dimethyl-16-oxo-5, 7-dioxapentacyclo [10.8.0.02,9.04, 8.013,18] icosa-14, 17-dien-8-yl]- 2-oxoethyl 2-methylpropanoate
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.210.908 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC32H44O7
Molar mass540.697 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • O=C(OCC(=O)[C@]25O[C@@H](O[C@@H]5C[C@H]1[C@H]4[C@H]([C@@H](O)C[C@@]12C)[C@]/3(/C=C\C(=O)\C=C\3CC4)C)C6CCCCC6)C(C)C
  • InChI=1S/C32H44O7/c1-18(2)28(36)37-17-25(35)32-26(38-29(39-32)19-8-6-5-7-9-19)15-23-22-11-10-20-14-21(33)12-13-30(20,3)27(22)24(34)16-31(23,32)4/h12-14,18-19,22-24,26-27,29,34H,5-11,15-17H2,1-4H3/t22-,23-,24-,26+,27+,29+,30-,31-,32+/m0/s1 checkY
  • Key:LUKZNWIVRBCLON-GXOBDPJESA-N checkY
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Ciclesonide is a glucocorticoid used to treat asthma and allergic rhinitis. It is marketed under the brand names Alvesco for asthma and Omnaris, Omniair, Zetonna, and Alvesco[1] for hay fever in the US and Canada.

Side effects of the medication include headache, nosebleeds, and inflammation of the nose and throat linings.[2]

It was patented in 1990 and approved for medical use in 2005.[3] The drug was approved for adults and children 12 and over by the US Food and Drug Administration in October 2006.[4] It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Covis Pharma – Products".
  2. ^ Mutch E, Nave R, McCracken N, Zech K, Williams FM (May 2007). "The role of esterases in the metabolism of ciclesonide to desisobutyryl-ciclesonide in human tissue". Biochemical Pharmacology. 73 (10): 1657–64. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2007.01.031. PMID 17331475.
  3. ^ Fischer J, Ganellin CR (2006). Analogue-based Drug Discovery. John Wiley & Sons. p. 488. ISBN 9783527607495.
  4. ^ "FDA News Release. FDA Approves New Treatment for Allergies". Food and Drug Administration. 2006-10-23. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
  5. ^ World Health Organization (2021). World Health Organization model list of essential medicines: 22nd list (2021). Geneva: World Health Organization. hdl:10665/345533. WHO/MHP/HPS/EML/2021.02.

Further reading[edit]

  • Rossi S, ed. (2006). Australian Medicines Handbook. Adelaide: Australian Medicines Handbook. ISBN 0-9757919-2-3.