Ciego de Ávila

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ciego de Avila)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ciego de Ávila
A road in Ciego de Ávila
A road in Ciego de Ávila
Ciego de Ávila municipality (red) within Ciego de Ávila Province (yellow) and Cuba
Ciego de Ávila municipality (red) within
Ciego de Ávila Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 21°50′53″N 78°45′47″W / 21.84806°N 78.76306°W / 21.84806; -78.76306Coordinates: 21°50′53″N 78°45′47″W / 21.84806°N 78.76306°W / 21.84806; -78.76306
CountryCuba
ProvinceCiego de Ávila
Established1840[1]
Area
 • Municipality445 km2 (172 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
(2010)[3]
 • Municipality143,449
 • Density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
 • Urban
125,609
Demonym(s)Avileño/a
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Postal code
65200
Area code(s)+53 43
HighwaysCarretera Central
St. Eugene (San Eugenio) Cathedral

Ciego de Ávila (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsjeɣo ðe ˈaβila]) is a city in the central part of Cuba and the capital of Ciego de Ávila Province. The city has a population of about 119,000, in a municipality of 143,449.

Geography[edit]

Ciego de Ávila lies on the Carretera Central highway and on a major railroad. Its port, Júcaro, lies 24 km (15 mi) south-southwest on the coast of the Gulf of Ana Maria in the Caribbean Sea. The city is located about 460 km (290 mi) east of Havana and 110 km (68 mi) west of the city of Camagüey. It was part of the Camagüey Province until 1976, when Fidel Castro's government made Ciego de Ávila the capital of the newly created Ciego de Ávila Province.

By 1945, the municipality was divided into the barrios of Angel Castillo, Ceballos, Guanales, Jagüeyal, Jicotea, José Miguel Gómez, Júcaro, La Ceiba, Majagua, Norte, San Nicolás and Sur. After the new political and administrative division of Cuba in 1976, it was divided into four municipalities (Majagua, Ciego de Ávila, Baragua, and Venezuela).[1]

Climate[edit]

Ciego de Ávila experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw).

Climate data for Ciego de Ávila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 81.1
(27.3)
82.6
(28.1)
85.8
(29.9)
88.3
(31.3)
89.4
(31.9)
89.8
(32.1)
91.6
(33.1)
91.9
(33.3)
90.5
(32.5)
87.8
(31.0)
85.8
(29.9)
82.2
(27.9)
87.2
(30.7)
Average low °F (°C) 63.0
(17.2)
62.8
(17.1)
65.8
(18.8)
68.0
(20.0)
70.7
(21.5)
73.0
(22.8)
73.9
(23.3)
73.9
(23.3)
72.7
(22.6)
71.2
(21.8)
68.7
(20.4)
64.4
(18.0)
69.0
(20.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.2
(31)
1.1
(28)
1.6
(41)
3.2
(82)
7.1
(181)
7.5
(191)
5.3
(135)
5.6
(142)
7.4
(187)
7.0
(177)
2.6
(66)
1.2
(30)
50.8
(1,291)
Source: CLIMATE-DATA.ORG[4]

History[edit]

The city of Ciego de Ávila was founded by 1840, having at the time 263 inhabitants. In 1877, its municipal government was created and the city became independent of the city of Morón. Ciego de Ávila gained importance when the Spanish army built a fortified military line, known as Trocha de Júcaro a Morón, to impede the pass of insurrectionist forces to the western part of the island during the 1st War of Independence (1868–1878). This "trocha", which made this region famous, was thought to be strong enough to stop the Cuban forces, but was not able to stop the pass of General Máximo Gómez and several hundred men. Many of the old Spanish colonial buildings in Ciego de Ávila (such as the Teatro Principal) were commissioned under Angela Hernández, viuda de Jiménez, a rich socialite who battled to create a cultural mecca in her hometown.

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Ciego de Ávila had a population of 135,736.[3] With a total area of 445 km2 (172 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 305.0/km2 (790/sq mi).

Attractions[edit]

  • Parque Martí is the largest park in the city of Ciego de Ávila.
  • Teatro Principal is a 500-seat theatre located just a few blocks from Parque Martí.
  • University of Ciego de Ávila (Universidad de Ciego de Ávila, UNICA) is the province's secondary education institution.
  • IPVCE Ignacio Agramonte Instituto Pre-Universitario Vocacional de Ciencias Exactas(10 a 12 grado) con emphasis en las ciencias basicas: Fisica, Quimica, Matematica, Biologia y Electronica. Se encuentra en la carretera a Ceballos.
  • la Turbina is a small amusement park located to the north west of the city with approximately 6 rides to use.

Media[edit]

Its present radio station, Radio Surco (previously Radio Cuba) was founded October 10, 1952.

Sports[edit]

Ciego de Ávila's basketball team has been one of the most successful teams in the country as it won 9 national championships since 2005.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Ciego de Ávila" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  2. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  4. ^ Info at en.climate-data.org

External links[edit]