In 1966, the regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu decreed a ban on contraception and abortion with the aim of increasing Romania's population. At the age of three years the children were medically examined. Disabled and orphaned children were in huge numbers brought into homes like Cighid or psychiatric hospitals, where they lived under inhumane conditions.
The children's home Cighid, located in Ghiorac near the Hungarian border, was discovered in spring 1990 by western reporters. The pictures of sick and malnourished children were published in many newspapers and were shown on many TV stations around the world. Observers described the sight of Cighid with terms like "Child Gulags" or "the Romanian Euthanasia Program".
- Stets, Dan (7 June 1990). "Romanians Reform Orphanage Of Death". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
- Life in Ceausescu's institutions (BBC news)