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The neighborhood was named after Şehzade Cihangir when his father had Mimar Sinan built a wooden mosque there, overlooking the Bosphorus to commemorate his death. The neighborhood's name comes from this mosque. Today, the Cihangir Mosque, originally built in 1559 and reconstructed in 1889, can be found in the neighborhood.
In 2012, the British newspaper The Guardian included Cihangir in the list of the five best places in the world to live, next to the Santa Cruz de Tenerife, in Spain; the district of Sankt Pauli, in Hamburg, the north coast of Maui, in Hawaii and Portland, in the state of Oregon (United States).
The Istanbul neighborhood of Cihangir was named after Şehzade Cihangir when his father had Mimar Sinan build a wooden mosque there, overlooking the Bosphorus to commemorate his death. The neighborhood's name comes from this mosque. The name means "conqueror" in Turkish and, in turn, comes from the Persian compound word jahan + gir (جهانگیر), meaning "conqueror of the world".
|Historical population[full citation needed]|
During Byzantine times, the area of the present neighborhood was probably not settled, although there were Byzantine buildings near present-day Tophane and Fındıklı along the Bosphorus below Cihangir.
During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the area was a forested hunting ground. It was one of the favorite places of Suleiman's son Cihangir, and after Cihangir's death, Suleiman had Mimar Sinan build a wooden mosque there overlooking the Bosphorus. The neighborhood's name comes from this mosque.
In the last half of the 19th century, the increasing influx of non-Ottoman Europeans into Istanbul drove up real estate prices in the nearby Pera district in Beyoğlu, to which they were officially confined. Some Europeans, however, acquired land in areas outside Pera such as Tophane, Fındıklı, and Cihangir, leading to a great deal of residential development in those neighborhoods.
Starting in the 1930s, non-Muslim residents of Cihangir and the rest of Beyoğlu left or were forced out. They were replaced by Muslims from other Istanbul neighborhoods and by internal migrants from eastern Turkey. As the character of the neighborhood changed, middle-class Muslims also began leaving the neighborhood. By the 1970s, Cihangir was known as a neighborhood where Anatolian migrants lived alongside artists and intellectuals.
- Delin, Sevil (2013-12-09). "A day in … Cihangir, Istanbul". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
- "Cornucopia Magazine". www.cornucopia.net. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
- "Santa Cruz de Tenerife, uno de los cinco mejores sitios del mundo para vivir, según "The Guardian"". ABC.es. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Turkish Statistical Institute
- Printed Sources
- Hürel, Haldun (2008). Semtleri, Mahalleri, Caddeleri ve Sokakları A'dan Z'ye İstanbul'un Alfabetik Öyküsü. İkarus. ISBN 978-975-999-290-3.
- İlkuçan, Altan (2004). Gentrification, Community and Consumption: Constructing, Conquering and Contesting "The Republic of Cihangir". Master's thesis, Dept. of Management, Bilkent University, Ankara. http://www.thesis.bilkent.edu.tr/0002485.pdf
- Karpat, Kemal H. (2002). Studies on Ottoman social and political history: Selected articles and essays. Brill. ISBN 9789004121010.
- Kleiss, Wolfram (1965). Topographisch-archäologischer Plan von Istanbul: Verzeichnis der Denkmäler und Fundorte. Verlag Ernst Wasmuth.
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