3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||588.656 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|‹See TfM› (what is ‹See TfM› ?)|
Cilengitide (EMD 121974) is a molecule designed and synthesized at the Technical University Munich in collaboration with Merck KGaA in Darmstadt. It is based on the cyclic peptide cyclo(-RGDfV-), which is selective for αv integrins, which are important in angiogenesis (forming new blood vessels), and other aspects of tumor biology. Hence, it is under investigation for the treatment of glioblastoma, where it may act by inhibiting angiogenesis, and influencing tumor invasion and proliferation.
Cilengitide seems to function by inhibiting the FAK/src/AKT pathway and inducing apoptosis in endothelial cells. Preclinical studies in mice of cilengitide were able to demonstrate efficacious tumor regression.
In a rat xenograft model, cilengitide was able to potentiate the cytotoxic effects of radiation when cilengitide was administered prior to radiation therapy. When combined with radiation, inhibition of integrin expression by cilengitide synergistically improves the cytotoxic effects of ionizing radiation for glioblastoma.
Phase II studies were able to demonstrate that cilengitide as a potential monotherapy in patients with recurrent glioblastoma with high intratumor drug levels when 2000 mg of cilengitide is given twice weekly.
Cilengitide is well tolerated, in combination with radiation and temozolomide, at a dose of 2000 mg in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma, regardless of MGMT promoter status. In a phase I/IIa study, the addition of cilengitide to the standard of care for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (surgical resection followed by temozolomide and radiation therapy) improves progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with MGMT promoter methylation.
However, in a subsequent study, cilengitide does not seem to alter the pattern of glioblastoma progression,
and in an EORTC phase III randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trial, consisting of over 500 patients in 23 countries, the addition of cilengitide to the standard of care did not improve overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and methylated MGMT promoter status  A phase II study, the CORE trial, is currently being conducted in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and unmethylated MGMT promoter status.
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- Nabors LB, Mikkelsen T, Hegi ME, Ye X, Batchelor T, Lesser G, Peereboom D, Rosenfeld MR, Olsen J, Brem S, Fisher JD, Grossman SA (November 2012). "A safety run-in and randomized phase 2 study of cilengitide combined with chemoradiation for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (NABTT 0306)". Cancer. 118 (22): 5601–7. doi:10.1002/cncr.27585. PMC 3423527. PMID 22517399.
- Stupp R, Hegi ME, Neyns B, Goldbrunner R, Schlegel U, Clement PM, et al. (June 2010). "Phase I/IIa study of cilengitide and temozolomide with concomitant radiotherapy followed by cilengitide and temozolomide maintenance therapy in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma". Journal of Clinical Oncology. 28 (16): 2712–8. doi:10.1200/JCO.2009.26.6650. PMID 20439646.
- Eisele G, Wick A, Eisele AC, Clément PM, Tonn J, Tabatabai G, et al. (March 2014). "Cilengitide treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients does not alter patterns of progression". Journal of Neuro-oncology. 117 (1): 141–5. doi:10.1007/s11060-014-1365-x. PMID 24442484.
- Merck Group. "Phase III Trial of Cilengitide Did Not Meet Primary Endpoint in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma, Date accessed: 3/24/2014."
- ASCO Meeting Library.  "Cilengitide combined with standard treatment for patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and methylated O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter: Key results of the multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled, phase III CENTRIC study, Date accessed: 3/24/2014."