|Cilia Adela Gavidia Flores de Maduro|
Cilia Flores in 2013
|First Lady of Venezuela|
Assumed office |
19 April 2013
|Preceded by||Marisabel Rodríguez de Chávez|
|4th President of the National Assembly|
15 August 2006 – 5 January 2011
|Preceded by||Nicolás Maduro|
|Succeeded by||Fernando Soto Rojas|
|Attorney General of Venezuela|
25 January 2012 – 11 March 2013
|Preceded by||Carlos Escarrá|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Enrique Galindo|
|Member of the National Assembly|
5 January 2016 – 2 June 2017
30 July 2000 – 2 February 2012
|Member of the National Constituent Assembly|
Assumed office |
4 August 2017
15 October 1956
|Political party||United Socialist Party of Venezuela|
Walter Gavidia Rodríguez (div.) |
Nicolás Maduro (m. 2013)
Cilia Adela Gavidia Flores de Maduro (born 15 October 1956) is a Venezuelan lawyer and politician. She is married to the president of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro, making her the current First Lady of that country. There have been multiple allegations that Cilia and her family are involved in heavy drug trafficking and terrorist activities, to the point that two of the nephews of the presidential couple were arrested for narcotics trafficking. The nephews, Efraín Antonio Campo Flores and Francisco Flores de Freitas, were arrested on November 2015 by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after attempting to transport 800 kilograms of cocaine into the United States. Since 2015, she is also a deputy in the National Assembly of Venezuela (of which she was president from 2006 to 2011) for her home state of Cojedes.
Flores is married to President Nicolás Maduro, and replaced Maduro as President of the National Assembly in August 2006, when he resigned to become Minister of Foreign Affairs, with Flores becoming the first woman to serve as President of the National Assembly. The two had been in a romantic relationship since the 1990s when Flores was Hugo Chávez's lawyer following the 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts and were married in July 2013 months after Maduro became president.
Her husband Maduro has one son, Nicolás Maduro Guerra, whom he appointed to senior government posts: Chief of the presidency's Special Inspectors Body, head of the National Film School, and a seat in the National Assembly, while Flores has an adopted son, Efraín Campos, who is her nephew from her deceased sister.
Tactical Command for the Revolution
While serving as chair of the Political Command of the Bolivarian Revolution, Flores was part of the Tactical Command for the Revolution, an organization that ran the majority of Hugo Chávez's political machine. On 7 April, days before the 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt, Flores along with Guillermo García Ponce and Freddy Bernal shared plans of using the Bolivarian Circles as a paramilitary force to end opposition marches and defend Chávez in Miraflores Palace by organizing them into brigades.
On 11 April while opposition marchers headed towards Miraflores Palace in protest, Bolivarian Circles gathered around the palace armed with rocks, clubs and molotov cocktails all within view of the National Guard that was stationed nearby. The Bolivarian Circles then participated in demonstrations that became violent.
A member of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), Flores replaced her husband Maduro as Speaker of the Assembly in August 2006, when he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs; she was the first woman to serve as president of the National Assembly (2006–2011). On 10 January 2007, Flores swore Chávez into office following the 2006 presidential election.
Flores is running for a seat in the National Assembly in Venezuela's 2015 parliamentary elections as a candidate for the Great Patriotic Pole. She said she would use her seat to defend the social rights of citizens and the achievements of the Bolivarian Revolution.
Upon Maduro's tight victory in the 2013 presidential election over Henrique Capriles, Cilia Flores became Venezuela's First Lady, a position that had long been vacant.
Flores was accused of nepotism with individuals claiming that several of her close relatives became employees of the National Assembly while she was a deputy. According to Tal Cual, 16 relatives of Flores were in an office while she was in the National Assembly. Flores responded to the reporters who shared the nepotism allegations stating it was part of a smear campaign, calling them "mercenaries of the pen". Both opposition and members of the government denounced the alleged nepotism calling it an injustice, with one PSUV member taking the allegations to Venezuela's Ministry of Labour. In 2012, relatives of Flores were removed from office though some received other occupations in the government a year later.
Flores' son, Walter Jacob Gavidia Flores, whose last salary through 2015 was less than $1,000, made multiple international trips in 2015 and 2016 on private flights costing approximately $20,000 per trip. Gavidia Flores spent most of his time in the United States, though he also took chartered flights to France, Germany, Malta and Spain.
On 10 November 2015, two nephews of Cilia Flores, Efraín Antonio Campos Flores and Francisco Flores de Freitas, were arrested in Port-au-Prince, Haiti by local police while attempting to make a deal to transport 800 kilograms of cocaine destined for New York City and were turned over to the Drug Enforcement Administration where they were flown directly to the United States. Campos stated on the DEA plane that he was the step son of President Maduro and that he grew up in the Maduro household while being raised by Flores. The men traveled to Haiti with Venezuelan diplomatic passports but did not have diplomatic immunity according to former head of DEA international operations Michael Vigil. The two were previously monitored and filmed by the DEA between October and November 2015 after they contacted a DEA informant for advice on trafficking cocaine and brought a kilogram of cocaine to the informant to show its quality. The incident happened at a time when multiple high-ranking members of the Venezuelan government were being investigated for their involvement of drug trafficking.
On 18 November 2016, Flores' two nephews were found guilty of trying to ship drugs into the United States so they could "obtain a large amount of cash to help their family stay in power".
In March 2018, the Government of Panama sanctioned dozens of companies linked to Flores' family. The companies, headed by various members of Flores' family and were recently created, were sanctioned for allegedly laundering money.
The United States government sanctioned Flores on 25 September 2018 because of her relations to Maduro and the "plundering" of Venezuela's resources.
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- "Narcosobrinos incident". 2 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017 – via Wikipedia.
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- Nelson, Brian A. (2009). The silence and the scorpion : the coup against Chávez and the making of modern Venezuela (online ed.). New York: Nation Books. pp. 20–22. ISBN 1568584180.
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- Nelson, Brian A. (2009). The silence and the scorpion : the coup against Chávez and the making of modern Venezuela (online ed.). New York: Nation Books. p. 19. ISBN 1568584180.
- http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home/opendoc.htm?tbl=RSDCOI&page=research&id=3dec9b4b4 UNHCR
- "Cilia Flores formalizó su inscripción para las parlamentarias". El Nacional. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "Cilia Flores inscribió su candidatura parlamentaria". El Universal. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Lares Martiz, Valentina (15 July 2008). "Denuncian por nepotismo a la presidenta del Congreso venezolano, Cilia Flores". El Tiempo (Colombia). Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Clan Flores fuera de la AN
- "Es falso que tenga muchos familiares en la Asamblea" Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine. 30 May 2008.
- Ayala Altuve, Dayimar (7 July 2012). "Fin al nepotismo Flores". Tal Cual. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
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- Kay Guerrero and Claudia Dominguez (2015-11-12). "U.S. agents arrest members of Venezuelan President's family in Haiti".
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- de Córdoba, José (11 November 2015). "U.S. Arrests Two Relatives of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro on Drug-Trafficking Charges". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- Llorente, Elizabeth; Llenas, Bryan (11 November 2015). "Relatives of Venezuelan president arrested trying to smuggle nearly 1 ton of drugs into U.S." Fox News Latino. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- Raymond, Nate (19 November 2016). "Venezuelan first lady's nephews convicted in U.S. drug trial". Reuters. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
- "Venezuela sanctions". Government of Canada. 2018-05-30. Retrieved 2018-05-31.
- "¡Qué casualidad! Empresas sancionadas por Panamá son de la familia de "Cilita" Flores | El Cooperante". El Cooperante (in Spanish). 2018-03-31. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- "U.S. sanctions target Venezuela's first lady and president's inner circle". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-09-27.
| President of the National Assembly of Venezuela
Fernando Soto Rojas
| Attorney General of Venezuela
Manuel Enrique Galindo
Marisabel Rodríguez de Chávez
| First Lady of Venezuela