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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Suborder: Glossata
Infraorder: Heteroneura
(unranked): Ditrysia
Superfamily: Cimelioidea
Family: Cimeliidae
Chrétien, 1916


  • Axiidae Rebel, 1919

Cimeliidae or the "Gold moths" (formerly known as Axiidae[1]) is a family of moths whose precise relationships within the Macrolepidoptera are currently uncertain, but they currently represent the only family in a recently recognized superfamily whose nearest relatives include the butterflies, Calliduloidea, Drepanoidea, Geometroidea, Bombycoidea, Mimallonoidea and Lasiocampoidea, and the Noctuoidea. Uniquely, they have a pair of pocket-like organs on the seventh abdominal spiracle of the adult moth[2] which are only possibly sound receptive organs.[3] They are quite large and brightly coloured moths that occur only in Southern Europe and feed on species of Euphorbia. Sometimes they are attracted to light.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • J. J. De Freina & T. J. Witt (1987). Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis. ISBN 3-926285-00-1. 
  • Christopher O'Toole, ed. (2002). Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. ISBN 1-55297-612-2. 
  • Ahmet Ömer Koçak (1983). "Additions and corrections to the names published in "Systematic and synonymic list of the Lepidoptera of France, Belgium and Corsica" by Leraut, 1980". Priamus. Ankara. 2: 137–157. 


  1. ^ Shen-Horn Yen & Joël Minet (2007). "Cimelioidea: a new superfamily name for the gold moths (Lepidoptera: Glossata)" (PDF). Zoological Studies. 46 (3): 262–271. 
  2. ^ a b J. Minet (1999). "The Axioidea and Calliduloidea". In N. P. Kristensen. Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin & New York. pp. 257–261. 
  3. ^ J. Minet & A. Surlykke (2003). "Auditory and sound producing organs". In N. P. Kristensen. Lepidoptera, moths and butterflies. Volume 2: Morphology and Physiology. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. pp. 289–323. 
  • Yen, S.-H.; Minet, J. 2007: Cimelioidea: a new superfamily name for the gold moths (Lepidoptera: Glossata). Zoological studies, 46(3): 262-271. [1]

External links[edit]