Cincinnati–Blue Ash Airport

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Cincinnati–Blue Ash Airport
Landing at Blue Ash Airport.jpg
Preparing to land on Runway 24
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Cincinnati
Serves Cincinnati, Ohio
Location Blue Ash, Ohio
Opened 1921 (1921)
Closed August 29, 2012 (2012-08-29)
Passenger services ceased 1990s
Elevation AMSL 856 ft / 261 m
Coordinates 39°14′48″N 084°23′20″W / 39.24667°N 84.38889°W / 39.24667; -84.38889Coordinates: 39°14′48″N 084°23′20″W / 39.24667°N 84.38889°W / 39.24667; -84.38889
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6/24 3,499 1,066 Asphalt
Statistics (2006)
Aircraft operations 35,000
Based aircraft 136

Blue Ash Airport (ICAO: KISZFAA LID: ISZ), also known as Cincinnati–Blue Ash Airport, was a public airport located in Blue Ash, Ohio, United States, but owned by the City of Cincinnati. Located 16.5 miles (26.6 km) northeast of downtown Cincinnati,[1] it served as a general aviation reliever for the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport.

Established in 1921, the airfield was one of the first in operation in the United States, and it became Ohio's first municipal airport when Cincinnati purchased it in 1946.[2] For decades, it was eyed as a potential future site for Cincinnati's primary commercial airport, spurring construction of Cross County Highway, but efforts to develop the site repeatedly failed. In the 1970s, much of the property around the airfield was converted into an industrial park and golf course. Cincinnati eventually sold about half of the remaining airfield to the City of Blue Ash[3] and permanently closed the facility on August 29, 2012,[4] despite local efforts to keep it operational.[5]

Although most U.S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, Blue Ash Airport was assigned I77 and later ISZ by the FAA but had no designation from the IATA.[6]

History[edit]

Private ownership[edit]

Blue Ash Airport's history began in 1921 with a dirt runway located off Cooper Road, in then-unincorporated Sycamore Township, on land that has since been converted into an industrial park.[7] The first Cincinnati-Chicago airmail flight took off from this field. On August 5, 1922,[8] it was dedicated as Grisard Field, after Cincinnati-area pilot Lt. John K. Grisard, who was shot down in France during World War I.[9][10] The following year,[11] the Grisard Field Company leased the field to Maj. Hugh Watson, a barnstormer and former Army flight instructor, and his brother Parks.[12] They were joined by John Paul Riddle and, in 1924, T. Higbee Embry. The company owned two Curtiss JN-4 biplanes.[13] In its early days, the airfield's grass runways served general aviation, airmail operations, and the 359th Army Reserve Observation Squadron.[12]

By 1938, there were two Watson airports. Hugh Watson Field operated out of this hangar on Glendale-Milford Road, while Parks Watson Airport operated out of the original Grisard barn-turned-hangar just to the south.

In 1925, the Grisard Company dissolved and moved its hangars and equipment to Lunken Field, then considered a more desirable location for its proximity to downtown Cincinnati.[12][13] The reserve squadron moved there as well.[11] Grisard Field was sold to the Watson brothers, who rededicated it as Watson Airport, with Eddie Rickenbacker in attendance.[9] Hugh later moved to Lunken, leaving Parks in charge of the airport. After a year at Lunken, he returned to Blue Ash[11] and built his own facility on the northern edge of the property, along Glendale-Milford Road.[14] By 1928, airlines were making scheduled flights to Cleveland and Louisville, Kentucky, from Watson.[15]

Failed expansion plans[edit]

In 1938, after a major flood submerged Lunken Airport, Cincinnati city leaders began discussing a major expansion of the Blue Ash site in order to replace Lunken as the area's commercial airport. By this time, Watson was used primarily for training student pilots from local universities.[16] The city purchased Parks Watson Airport in 1946[17] and Hugh Watson Field in 1955.[9] The city headquartered Blue Ash Airport at the former Hugh Watson Field, keeping Parks Watson open for a time,[18] and closed a shooting range that had operated on the property since the 1940s.[19] The city's Blue Ash development plans were hampered by community opposition, three failed Hamilton County bond measures,[20] political infighting,[17] and Cincinnati's decision not to participate in the federal airfield program.[21]

While fog and flooding continued to cause frequent problems at Lunken, Northern Kentucky officials secured federal funds to build a competing airport at Hebron, in 1944. The Greater Cincinnati Airport (CVG) began serving commercial flights there two years later.[21] Cincinnati officials maintained expansion plans for the Blue Ash site into the 1960s, hoping to compete with CVG. County officials drew up plans for a 5-mile-long (8.0 km) connector from the Mill Creek Expressway (Interstate 75) to the airport.[22] However, the Blue Ash Civic League and nearby residents continued to oppose the expansion plans. Blue Ash incorporated, first as a village in 1955, then as a city in 1961, to take control of zoning matters and contain the airfield.[7][23] By 1959, the county dropped plans for an airport connector and instead focused on building a more ambitious Cross County Highway.[24]

In 1960, the Internal Revenue Service selected the Cincinnati area for a new, five-state regional data center, prompting many area cities and townships to vie for the facility and its employees' income tax revenue. The following year, Blue Ash proposed to have Cincinnati donate part of the Blue Ash Airport site to the IRS, calling hopes for a major airport there "obsolete".[25] For its part, Cincinnati had been pushing for a Queensgate location. Instead, Northern Kentucky officials again won out over their Ohio counterparts, securing a new facility in downtown Covington.[26]

Decline and closure[edit]

With the Blue Ash Airport destined to remain a quaint general aviation facility, the City of Cincinnati began to seek other uses for the undeveloped portions of the 1,600-acre (6.5 km2) tract. The non-profit Community Improvement Corporation, initially led by Reed Hartman, carved out a well-landscaped CIC Industrial Park at the former Parks Watson Airport to the east and, in 1979, the 18-hole Blue Ash Golf Course to the west.[16] In 1977, Cincinnati finally replaced the grass runways with a paved runway and taxiways, the city's last major infrastructure improvements to the airport.[7]

In 2006, after years of negotiations, the City of Blue Ash purchased 128 acres (52 ha) of the airfield, including all the hangars and taxiways, from the City of Cincinnati for $37.5 million over 30 years.[17] Because the Federal Aviation Administration had been subsidizing airport maintenance, Cincinnati was originally required to spend all proceeds towards aviation-related expenses, but the city had hoped to use $11 million for the construction of a revived streetcar system now known as the Cincinnati Bell Connector. COAST, an anti-streetcar interest group, opposed the use of airport funds for the streetcar.[27] Residents of some Cincinnati neighborhoods were also upset that Mayor Mark Mallory had promised to disburse the same funds to neighborhood councils during his 2005 campaign against David Pepper.[28] Nevertheless, the two cities reworked the purchase in 2007 to avoid violating FAA rules.[27]

The most recent airport master plan called for the retention and improvement of the current runway but the removal and demolition of all facilities to the west of the runway (the current taxiways, hangars, and ramps), the construction of a parallel taxiway, and new terminals and facilities to the east of the runway. The reclaimed area to the west of the runway was to be converted into a park, some light retail spaces, a museum, and additional space for three relocated holes from the Blue Ash Golf Course.

Despite these plans, the City of Cincinnati concluded in 2012 that it could not afford to reconfigure the airstrip and keep it operational and decided to focus its resources on Lunken Airport.[29] Meanwhile, Blue Ash expressed little interest in operating the airport itself, pointing out that the FAA had declined to finance the reconfiguration on several occasions and the runway was "at the end of its useful life".[30] Amid declining airport revenues,[29] the City of Cincinnati closed Blue Ash Airport permanently at noon on August 29, 2012, after 91 years of continuous service.[4] Many planes were moved to more modern facilities at Lebanon-Warren County Airport,[31] and Cincinnati West Airport also saw increased demand.[32] That fall, Blue Ash opened phase I of Summit Park on the wooded western side of the airfield[33] and demolished the Co-Op Aircraft Service hangar, which had stood since 1952.[34][35]

Facilities and aircraft[edit]

Before the sale of 128 acres (52 ha) to the City of Blue Ash, Cincinnati–Blue Ash Airport covered an area of 257 acres (104 ha) and was served by three fixed-base operators. Two taxiways and one asphalt-paved runway (6/24) measuring 3,499 by 75 feet (1,066 m × 23 m) roughly formed a right triangle.[1] The runway, which was not sold to Blue Ash, was restricted to aircraft weighing less than 12,500 pounds (5,700 kg).[2]

For the 12-month period ending January 30, 2006, the airport had 35,000 aircraft operations, an average of 95 per day: 97% general aviation, 2% air taxi and 1% military. There were 136 aircraft based at this airport: 88% single-engine, 11% multi-engine and 1% helicopter.[1]

Under the Watsons, the airport was a scheduled stop for Universal Air Lines.[18] Decades later, air charter service Schmidt Aviation flew scheduled flights between Blue Ash Airport and Chicago Midway International Airport.[36]

Activities[edit]

From 1997 to 2009, Blue Ash Airport hosted an annual air show known as Blue Ash Airport Days.[37] This show was usually held in September and featured aerobatic performers as well as numerous other types of static displays.

The airport was home to the fully restored World War II B-17 bomber, My Gal Sal (one of three B-17E bombers in existence). It was housed in the Warbirds hangar and open for touring at certain scheduled times. Plans were in place to make the bomber the centerpiece of an aviation museum at the airport. Despite having private funding already promised for the construction of the museum, the plans were abandoned when the airport was closed in 2012. The bomber was shrink-wrapped and sent to the National World War II Museum in New Orleans in August 2012.[38]

Accidents[edit]

On August 15, 1998, a Cessna 152 departing from Blue Ash Airport bound for Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport ran out of fuel and collided with a car as it attempted a landing on Ronald Reagan Cross County Highway, killing three.[39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for ISZ (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2007-10-25
  2. ^ a b Osborne, Kevin (July 6, 2005). "City shops airfield". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. p. A1. Ohio's first municipal airport, the Blue Ash site opened for air shows in 1921. In 1946, Cincinnati bought the property and tried unsuccessfully to spark federal interest in developing the region's international airport there. ... The airport has a single runway that is restricted to aircraft weighing less than 12,500 pounds. 
  3. ^ http://www.blueash.com/filestorage/81/91/1108/1112/newsrelease-property_purchaseclosing-august2007-final.pdf
  4. ^ a b Hansel, Mark (August 29, 2012). "Blue Ash Airport ends operations Wednesday". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. 
  5. ^ Houck, Jeanne (May 3, 2012). "Blue Ash officials meeting with pilots". Northeast Suburban Life (The Community Press). Gannett Company. 
  6. ^ Great Circle Mapper: KISZ – Cincinnati, Ohio (Cincinnati–Blue Ash Airport)
  7. ^ a b c "Airport Park Master Plan" (PDF). City of Blue Ash. May 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Grisard Field, Cincinnati". Aviation. Highland, New York: The Gardner, Moffat Company. 13 (11): 315. September 11, 1922. 
  9. ^ a b c Rose, Mary Lou (March 22, 2012). "Letter to the Editor: History of Blue Ash Airport is important". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Airplanes". Greetings from Cincinnati. October 29, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c Bauer, Cheryl; Johnson, Stephan (May 3, 2012). Lunken Airfield. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7–8. ISBN 978-0-7385-9217-6. 
  12. ^ a b c Stulz, Larry (February 14, 2008). "Blue Ash Airport". Cincinnati-Transit.net. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Craft, Stephen G. (September 15, 2008). "Embry-Riddle and American Aviation" (PDF). Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Blue Ash aviation celebrated". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. October 29, 1992. p. A4. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  15. ^ Goetz, Kristina (October 24, 2000). "Airmail gets roomier nest". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 21, 2013. By 1928, regular flights to Louisville and Cleveland were being made from Blue Ash. 
  16. ^ a b Gale, Oliver (November 1993). "On the Waterfront". Cincinnati Magazine. CM Media. 27 (2): 75–76. ISSN 0746-8210. 
  17. ^ a b c Wessels, Joe (October 26, 2006). "Council votes to sell airport land". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. p. A2. Cincinnati City Council voted 8-1 Wednesday for an agreement to sell 128 acres of the approximately 230-acre airport to the city of Blue Ash. ... The city of Cincinnati purchased the airport, located six air miles northeast of Cincinnati, in 1946 from a private company that had been using it as an airfield since 1921. Cincinnati officials intended to use the land to build the a new commercial airport after 1937 Flood completely submerged Lunken Field in the East End, then the only airport with commercial flights in the area. A series of failed bond issues and political infighting – and Northern Kentucky politicians' successes at securing federal funding – wound up with the region's major airport being developed in Boone County. 
  18. ^ a b "Blue Ash Airport". Flying. Bonnier Corporation. May 25, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Clean Ohio Revitalization Fund Application: Airport Property Redevelopment (Performing Arts / Conference Center Complex / Park)" (PDF). City of Cincinnati. March 19, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Renaissance in '70s led to place among 'Fab 50'". Cincinnati.com. Gannett Company. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. 
  21. ^ a b "From Humble Beginnings...to an International Hub". Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport. December 12, 2012. Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  22. ^ Griggs, France (October 27, 1997). "Cross County speeds miles, spans years". The Cincinnati Post. Retrieved October 10, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)). 
  23. ^ "Brief History of Blue Ash". City of Blue Ash. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  24. ^ Kemme, Steve (October 25, 1987). "The road still not taken". The Cincinnati Enquirer. pp. B1, B8 – via Newspapers.com. (subscription required (help)). 
  25. ^ "Local IRS Officials Considering Tax Data Center In Blue Ash". The Cincinnati Enquirer. E. W. Scripps Company. December 8, 1961. p. 3I. 
  26. ^ Pilcher, James (June 30, 2013). "Despite controversy, IRS brings area jobs, tax revenue". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved July 3, 2013. In the early 1960s, the region was pitted against itself after the IRS in 1960 announced plans to locate a tax return-processing center somewhere in the area. Cincinnati officials, backed by Republican congressmen, pitched an undeveloped space in Queensgate near the post office and the train switching station. 
  27. ^ a b Houck, Jeanne (August 9, 2012). "COAST to Blue Ash: Hands off airport park deal". Northeast Notes. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  28. ^ Prendergast, Jane (September 25, 2012). "Old wounds erupt again over streetcar". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 21, 2013. Several spoke angrily toward Mayor Mark Mallory, who they said promised during his 2005 mayoral campaign that neighborhoods would get the airport money. 
  29. ^ a b Kemme, Steve (March 13, 2012). "Blue Ash Airport to close". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 20, 2013. When Cincinnati sold 130 of the airport’s 230 acres to Blue Ash in 2007, Cincinnati planned to reconfigure the airport on its remaining 100 acres. But the city concluded recently that the airport would be too big of a financial liability. City officials want to use its aviation resources for Lunken Airport, which is much larger and more successful than the Blue Ash facility. 
  30. ^ Weber, Mark (April 19, 2012). "Guest column: Economics closing Blue Ash Airport". Northeast Suburban Life (The Community Press). Gannett Company. Retrieved January 20, 2013. According to the ISZ Airport Layout Plan submitted to the FAA, the cost to reconfigure the airport is estimated to be nearly $20 million. That does not include $1 million needed to build a new access road and approximately $4 million needed to eventually replace the runway, which is at the end of its useful life. ... The FAA has had numerous opportunities to fund the reconfiguration of the airport and has said "no" to several such requests. 
  31. ^ McKibben, Paul (June 23, 2012). "Warren airport takes advantage of Blue Ash closing". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Portman will visit prior to Cincinnati State's dedication of new airport hangars". Ohio Aviation Association. February 13, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Blue Ash Opens Summit Park" (PDF) (Press release). City of Blue Ash. October 15, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  34. ^ Houck, Jeanne (September 14, 2012). "Airport hangar out, park visitors in". Northeast Suburban Living (The Community Press). Gannett Company. Retrieved January 21, 2013. Workers on Sept. 10 began dismantling the Co-op Aircraft Service hangar off Glendale-Milford Road... 
  35. ^ "Blue Ash invites public to airport park". Northeast Suburban Life (The Community Press). Gannett Company. September 7, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  36. ^ "New air service at Lunken". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. November 8, 1991. p. B6. Retrieved January 20, 2013. At least three airlines, Enterprise Airlines, Central States Airlines and Schmidt Aviation, have canceled or cut back scheduled service from Cincinnati airports to regional locations. ... Helton said no market existed for Schmidt's service between Blue Ash Airport and Chicago's Midway... 
  37. ^ "News Page". Blue Ash Airport Days. Archived from the original on October 13, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  38. ^ "My Gal Sal Leaving Blue Ash Airport". WKRC-TV. Newport Television. August 1, 2012. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. 
  39. ^ O'Neill, Tom (August 17, 1998). "Friendship, careers lost in van-plane crash". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Rose, Mary Lou (1991). History of Blue Ash, Ohio, 1791-1991. City of Blue Ash. ASIN B005S0ZZ7A. 

See also[edit]

The City of Cincinnati owns two other properties outside its corporation limits:

External links[edit]