Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

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Coordinates: 39°08′28″N 84°30′07″W / 39.141°N 84.502°W / 39.141; -84.502

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati-childrens-hospital-medical-center-logo.svg
William Cooper Procter Pavilion, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Corryville, Cincinnati, OH (47282022261).jpg
The William Cooper Procter Pavilion at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Geography
Location3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Organization
FundingNon-profit hospital
TypeResearch, Community, Teaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Cincinnati
Services
Emergency departmentLevel 1 Pediatric Trauma Center
Beds634 registered inpatient beds
History
Opened1883
Links
Websitewww.cincinnatichildrens.org
ListsHospitals in Ohio

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) is an academic pediatric acute care children's hospital located in Cincinnati, Ohio. The hospital has 634 pediatric beds[1] and is affiliated with the University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center. The hospital provides comprehensive pediatric specialties and subspecialties to pediatric patients aged 0–21[2][3][4] throughout southern Ohio and northern Kentucky, as well as patients from around the United States and the world. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center also sometimes treats adults that require pediatric care.[5][6][7] Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center also features a Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center, 1 of 4 in the state. Cincinnati Children's is home to a large neonatology department that oversees newborn nurseries at local hospitals around Ohio. The hospital features an AAP verified 59-bed Level IV (highest possible) Newborn Intensive Care Unit.[8]

It is ranked third among all Honor Roll hospitals in the 2019-20 U.S. News & World Report survey of best children's hospitals.[9] Cincinnati Children's receives the third-most NIH funds of any pediatric institution in the United States[10] and the pediatric residency training program at Cincinnati Children's is among the largest in the country, training approximately 200 graduate physicians each year.

History[edit]

In June 1883, a meeting of women from parish communities around Cincinnati established a mission to create a Diocesan Hospital for Children. On November 16, 1883, the "Hospital of the Protestant Episcopal Church" of the Diocese of Southern Ohio was incorporated.[11]

The original articles of incorporation included the following statement: "This corporation is not created for profit, but will rely for its establishment and support on the voluntary gifts and contribution of the charitable and humane, and therefore is to have no capital stock."

The hospital opened in March 1884 in a rented home in Walnut Hills, a community north of downtown Cincinnati, at the corners of Park Avenue and Kemper Street (now Yale). This building provided for fifteen patients, and within eight months had admitted a total of 38 children.[12] The only patients eligible for admission were aged 1–15, suffering from an acute or chronic disease (or convalescent from such), required medical or surgical treatment. The hospital provided free care, without regard to race, religion, creed or color. The only restriction was that no child with an infectious disease may be admitted.

The small house was inadequate, with only three bedrooms, one small bathroom, and not enough hot water or heat. Generous contributors J. Josiah and Thomas J. Emery came to the rescue. They donated land in Mt. Auburn and built a three-story brick hospital. On November 23, 1887, all patients were transferred from the Walnut Hills location to the new hospital on Mason Street, near The Christ Hospital.

Originally endowed with a fund of $3,506.48 in November 1884, the hospital's endowment had grown to over $85,000 by the turn of the 20th century.

William Cooper Procter Pavilion

In 1904, a new three-story wing, connecting with the rear of the main building, was built. The addition cost over $20,000 at the time, and included provisions for a large play-room, a chapel and an isolation ward for children with contagious diseases. A new operating room was installed on the top floor of the main hospital at this time, and various other improvements increased the capacity of the hospital at this time to 90 beds.[12][13]

Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Corryville

The 1920s brought dramatic changes while under the leadership of William Cooper Procter, president of the board of trustees, and Albert Graeme Mitchell, MD, chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and physician-in-chief of The Children's Hospital. In 1926, the hospital moved to a new 200-bed facility near the College of Medicine and established an academic affiliation with the college. In 1928, William Cooper Procter donated $2.5 million to build and endow The Children's Hospital Research Foundation, which opened in 1931. The hospital entered the decade of the 1930s as an important center for pediatric patient care, education and research—as it continues to be today.[14][12][15]

The hospital has been involved in a variety of medical breakthroughs, most prominently Dr. Albert Sabin's development of the oral polio vaccine, which went into use in the United States in 1960.[16][17][18]

Facts and Figures[edit]

The hospital served patients from 51 countries and 50 states in fiscal 2018. It recorded 1,281,902 patient encounters, 951,434 outpatient specialty visits, 173,023 Emergency and Urgent Care visits, 83,162 outpatient primary care visits, 34,295 surgical procedures and 46,214 surgical hours. In fiscal 2018, Cincinnati Children's trained 272 clinical fellows, 181 research postdoctoral fellows, and 200 residents. Revenues in fiscal 2018 totaled $2.408 billion, including more than $181 million in research grants. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center employed 15,755 people in fiscal 2018. The active medical staff totaled 1,503, including hospital-based faculty and community-based physicians.[19]

Cincinnati Children's vision is "to be the leader in improving child health." For research, Cincinnati Children's receives the third highest awards to a pediatric institution from the National Institutes of Health and is recognized as one of the top five pediatric training institutions in the United States.[20]

Awards and rankings[edit]

  • 2nd in the nation among all Honor Roll hospitals in the 2018-19 U.S. News & World Report survey of best children's hospitals[21]
  • 3rd highest recipient of grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for pediatric research[10]
  • Magnet status, awarded by the American Nurses Credentialing Center[22]
  • Named to the Leapfrog Group's list of the top 10 children's hospitals for quality and safety
  • 3rd best Department of Pediatrics at a US medical school, in U.S. News & World Report 2016 survey of best graduate schools[23]
  • American Hospital Association-McKesson Quest for Quality Prize for its leadership in improving outcomes through family-centered care and a dedication to transparency (2006)
  • In 2021 the hospital was ranked as the #3 best children's hospital in the United States by U.S. News & World Report on the publications' honor roll list.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center". www.childrenshospitals.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  2. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions | Division of Nephrology and Hypertension". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  3. ^ "Kidney Clinic". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-05-08.
  4. ^ "Inpatient Unit Admission Guidelines and Process" (PDF). Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Hip Preservation For Children & Young Adults | Cincinnati Children's". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  6. ^ "Why Choose Us | Young Adult Cancer Center". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  7. ^ "Adult Congenital Heart Disease Program | Cincinnati Children's". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  8. ^ "About Us | Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU)". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  9. ^ "Best Children's Hospitals Honor Roll".
  10. ^ a b "Top 50 NIH-Funded Institutions of 2019". GEN - Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News. 2019-06-03. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  11. ^ The Living Church. Morehouse-Gorham. 1919.
  12. ^ a b c Katz, Beatrice (2008). Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-6196-7.
  13. ^ "Historic Breakthroughs | Cincinnati Children's Hospital Research". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  14. ^ "History of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center". www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  15. ^ "Cincinnati Children's Hospital | Hektoen International". hekint.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  16. ^ "The Legacy of Albert B. Sabin | Sabin". www.sabin.org. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  17. ^ Hampton, Lee (1 January 2009). "Albert Sabin and the Coalition to Eliminate Polio From the Americas". American Journal of Public Health. 99 (1): 34–44. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2007.117952. ISSN 0090-0036. PMC 2636601. PMID 19008524.
  18. ^ SEVER, JOHN (2018-03-01). "Remembering Albert Sabin and the vaccine that changed the world". STAT. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  19. ^ "Facts and Figures | Corporate Information | About Us". www.cincinnatichildrens.org.
  20. ^ "Top Medical Schools in the United States: Pediatrics". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Best Children's Hospitals 2018-19: Honor Roll and Overview | Best Hospitals | US News". 2019-02-21. Archived from the original on 2019-02-21. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  22. ^ "American Nurse Credentialing Center". Nursing World. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Best Pediatrics Programs | Top Medical Schools | US News Best Graduate Schools". 2017-04-14. Archived from the original on 2017-04-14. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  24. ^ Harder, Ben (16 June 2020). "The Honor Roll of U.S. News Best Children's Hospitals 2020-21". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 16 June 2020.

External links[edit]