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The cincture is a liturgical vestment, worn encircling the body around or above the waist. There are two types of cincture, the fascia as used by the Roman Catholic Church and the girdle used in the Anglican, Methodist and Lutheran churches.
In the Roman Catholic Church, the cincture is a long, rope-like cord with tassled or knotted ends, tied around the waist outside the alb. The colour may be white, or may vary according to the colour of the liturgical season. A bishop's cincture is made of intertwining gold and green threads, a cardinal's has red and gold, and the pope's with white and gold.
When the cincture is tied in the front and the ends draped on either side, it is called a Roman Knot. Besides its functional role in securing the alb and stole, the cincture bears a symbolic role, signifying chastity and purity.
The same vestment is widely used in the Anglican, Methodist and Lutheran churches, as well as some other Protestant churches. However, in these denominations it is usually referred to as a girdle, the term "cincture" being used instead to signify a broad sash worn over the cassock somewhat above the waist. This latter article is in the Roman Catholic Church known as a fascia, and the use of this sash is restricted to ordained clergy and seminarians.
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