This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.

Cine City, Withington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cine City
Cine City - Withington.jpg
Cine City in 2004
Former namesThe Scala; Scala Electric Palace; Scala Palace Cinema.[1]
General information
TypeCinema
Architectural styleTudor Revival.[1]
Location494 Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester, M20 3BG[2]
Coordinates53°26′01″N 2°13′45″W / 53.43361°N 2.22917°W / 53.43361; -2.22917Coordinates: 53°26′01″N 2°13′45″W / 53.43361°N 2.22917°W / 53.43361; -2.22917
Completed1912
Demolished2008
OwnerMohammad Jamil; Arrows International Limited[3]

Cine City (originally named the Scala Cinema) was a cinema in Withington, Manchester, England located at 494 Wilmslow Road, Withington, Manchester, M20 3BG. It opened in 1912 as The Scala, and was the third cinema to open in Britain. When the popularity of picture houses reached its peak in the 1930s, The Scala was one of 109 cinemas in Manchester.

During the Second World War, the cinema escaped with minor damage when the road outside was hit by a small bomb in 1940. After the war, television led to a decline in cinema attendances, and by 1965, only 40 cinemas remained in Manchester. Cine City closed in July 2001, making it the third-longest running cinema in England.

By 2005 the building was in a bad state of repair, and was threatened with demolition. Although heritage groups won a stay of execution, the cinema was demolished in spring 2008. A new residential building has been constructed the site.

History[edit]

Workers clear up bomb damage in front of the Scala Cinema during the Manchester Blitz, October 1940

The cinema is thought to have opened around 1912 as The Scala.[1] A company called The Scala Electric Palace (Withington) Ltd was registered in 1912,[4] and in the 1914 Yearbook of Kinematograph Weekly the cinema is listed as having opened in January 1913 as The Scala Picturedrome.[5] It was the third cinema to open in Britain,[6] and by the time of its closure in 2001 it was the third longest-running cinema in the country.[7] Its original single-screen auditorium had been fitted with 675 seats.[1] Before the advent of "talkies", the Scala had a resident female cinema pianist,[8] and the conductor Sir John Barbirolli once played the piano to accompany the silent films.[9] Violet Carson, who went on to play Ena Sharples in Coronation Street, was also a resident pianist.[citation needed] During the 1930s the popularity of the new "picture houses" grew rapidly, with 109 in Manchester at its peak. Many people visited The Scala three or four times a week. The craze for cinema-going was seen by some as a social ill of its time; school teachers complained that pupils were not doing their homework because they were spending too much time at the cinema.[8] One regular movie-goer at the cinema in the 1920s was Robert Donat, a local boy who went on to become an Oscar-winning actor.[10]

During the Manchester Blitz of World War II, a small bomb fell onto Wilmslow Road in front of the cinema on the night of 1 October 1940. The cinema (which at the time was screening The Housekeeper's Daughter and 5th Ave Girl) survived with minor damage, although it had to close for a few weeks while repairs were completed.[8][11]

During the 1950s, the Scala was frequented by the American writer Daniel Ford, then a student at the University of Manchester. In his autobiographical work, Poland's Daughter: How I Met Basia, Hitchhiked to Italy, and Learned About Love, War, and Exile, Ford describes sitting in the smoke-filled auditorium watching films starring Dirk Bogarde, Jack Hawkins and Alec Guinness.[12]

After the war, the popularity of cinemas waned as more people acquired televisions, and by 1965 there were only 40 cinemas left in Manchester.[8] During the 1970s, The Scala was renamed Cine City and its single-screen auditorium was divided into three cinema screens.[1]

Early in his career, film writer Mark Kermode visited Cine City, and in his book, The Good, the Bad and the Multiplex, he reminisces about seeing Jaws 3-D there.[13]

Cine City was threatened with closure in 1997 when Geoff Henshaw, the owner at the time, died. It was purchased by David Babsky, who kept the cinema open until July 2001, when it closed due to competition from a new multiplex cinema in nearby East Didsbury.[3][14][9][15]

Closure and redevelopment[edit]

After the cinema closed, it was purchased by Develop UK,[16] and several attempts were made to turn the building into a Wetherspoons pub. However these were rejected by the council twice, once in the initial planning application, and also in a subsequent appeal.[17] The application was denied due to the moratorium on new food and drink licences in Withington, part of the town's unitary development plan.[16] In 2002 the building was purchased by Arrows International. They applied for planning permission in December 2002 to demolish part of the cinema, reconstructing it as five ground floor shops, with 21 flats on the upper floors. These plans were withdrawn as they were seen as overdeveloping the site.[18]

Cine City during demolition

In 2003 the site was purchased by property developer Mohammad Jamil, who runs the Britannia Property Group.[19] When they purchased the site, Cine City was regarded as "too far gone", so it was decided that it should be demolished and a new building constructed in its place.[20] A campaign to save the building was started in 2002 by the actor and comedian John Thomson, but it ended in failure six years later,[7] when it was realised that refurbishing the existing building would cost around £6 million.[21]

As of 2005, the building still retained a number of original features, including its gold brocade seats, wall friezes, cornices, and ceiling roses.[3] However, the fabric of the building remained in a poor state of repair, and in January 2008 it was announced once again that the building was to be demolished, and scaffolding was erected at the front in preparation.[6] The building, once considered amongst the most iconic in Manchester, was not regarded as architecturally interesting,[6] and was demolished in the spring of 2008.[22] The pair of stone piers in the forecourt of the building, which were Grade II listed in 1998, remain.[23]

Replacement building[edit]

The Scala Apartments (2018), named after the original picture house

Plans for a new building on the site have gone through several generations. The first design consisted of a six-storey building (including basement), which had a large shop on the ground floor, as well as an underground car park and four floors of residential apartments, with a top level to hold the building's mechanics. Each floor would have 4,000 square feet (372 m2), and there would have been a leaning tower to the side of the building. The design was given planning permission in 2005.[3][19]

A revised design turned the mezzanine floor into an area that could be used as an arts venue, cinema, music auditorium or conference room for 120 to 150 people. New plans cost £60,000.[21] However this new design was deemed to be unworkable.[19] A second design consisted of another six-storey building with a large ground-floor shop, a first-storey car park, and four floors of flats. This would have been half a metre less in height than the previous design, and did not include the tower. The plan was initially rejected by the council,[19] but was subsequently approved in April 2008,[24] before being rejected by the Planning Inspectorate. Several later applications for the site were also rejected, particularly due to concerns over parking, and the site was vacant as of June 2015.[25]

After 15 years a development scheme was approved to construct a block of flats called the Scala Apartments, named after the original picture house. The Scala Apartments are being completed in 2018.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Cine City". Cinema Treasures. Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  2. ^ "Film buffs vote for classics in cinema celebration". Manchester Evening News. 25 May 2001. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d Scott, Emma (2 June 2005). "Last-ditch bid to save Cine City". South Manchester Reporter. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
  4. ^ Burrows, John (2017). "Appendix". The British Cinema Boom, 1909-1914: A Commercial History Hardcover (PDF). ISBN 978-1137396761. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  5. ^ "New Theatres Opened in 1913" (PDF). Kinematograph Yearbook, Program Diary and Directory. London: The Kinematograph and Lantern Weekly Ltd (BFI Archive). 1: 49. 1914. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Cine City to be demolished". Manchester Evening News/GMG Syndication. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  7. ^ a b Wright, Susannah (31 January 2008). "John admits cinema defeat". South Manchester Reporter. Archived from the original on 5 February 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  8. ^ a b c d Sussex, Gay; Helm, Peter (December 1988). Looking Back at Withington and Didsbury. Willow Publishing. p. 14. ISBN 0-946361-25-8.
  9. ^ a b Morrison, Richard (19 May 2003). "The multiplex is the second-worst abomination to hit Britain in my lifetime". The Times. London. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
  10. ^ Wright, Susannah (22 January 2009). "Fresh hope of blue plaque for Donat". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
  11. ^ Teddy Knott. "Manchester Cinemas". Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  12. ^ Ford, Daniel (2016). "1. We Meet in Caff, 1955". Poland’s Daughter: How I Met Basia, Hitchhiked to Italy, and Learned About Love, War, and Exile. Warbird Books. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  13. ^ Kermode, Mark (2012). The Good, the Bad and the Multiplex: What's Wrong with Modern Movies?. Penguin Random House. p. 143. ISBN 9780099543497. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Cine City II – the sequel". South Manchester Reporter. 27 May 2002. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  15. ^ Edensor, Tim (2008). "Mundane hauntings: commuting through the phantasmagoric working-class spaces of Manchester, England" (PDF). Cultural Geographies. pp. 313–333. doi:10.1177/1474474008091330. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 October 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Cine City in hands of plans inspector". South Manchester Reporter. 5 August 2002. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  17. ^ "Cine City pub bid KO". South Manchester Reporter. 18 September 2002. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  18. ^ Stirrup, Kate (13 February 2002). "Cine City plans back to square one". South Manchester Reporter. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  19. ^ a b c d "Tall storey". South Manchester Reporter. 20 March 2008. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  20. ^ Wright, Susannah (24 January 2008). "Curtain falls on historic cinema". South Manchester Reporter. Archived from the original on 30 March 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  21. ^ a b Scott, Emma (17 November 2005). "Last picture show". South Manchester Reporter. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  22. ^ "Discussion of planning permission noting that demolition has started" (PDF). Manchester City Council. 29 May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  23. ^ "A-Z of Listed Buildings in Manchester – Listed buildings in Manchester by street (W)". Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  24. ^ "Planning permission for the new building" (PDF). Manchester City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2008.
  25. ^ "Plans for flats on site of landmark Cine City in Withington set to be rejected again as SIXTH proposal for site falls through". Manchester Evening News. 30 June 2015. Archived from the original on 3 August 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  26. ^ Abbit, Beth (5 May 2016). "Cine City site in Withington set to be transformed into flats". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 24 October 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Urban speleological reports on the derelict cinema building:

Archive photographs of the Scala Picture House: