Cineca is a non-profit consortium, made up of 70 Italian universities, four national research centres, and the Ministry of Universities and Research (MIUR), and was established in 1969 in Casalecchio di Reno, Bologna.
It is the most powerful supercomputing centre for scientific research in Italy, as stated in the TOP500 list of the most powerful supercomputers in the world: Fermi, the supercomputing system IBM Blue Gene/Q installed in June 2012, and ranked at the 7th position on the list, in 2015 is ranked at the 23rd position. Another system, Marconi Intel Xeon Phi, is ranked at the 14th position of the list as of June 2017, with about 6 PFLOPS.
The consortium's institutional mission is to support the Italian scientific community through supercomputing and scientific visualisation tools. Since the end of the 1980s, Cineca has broadened the scope of its mission by embracing other IT sectors, developing management and administrative services for universities and designing ICT systems for the exchange of information between the MIUR and the Italian national academic system. The consortium is also strongly committed to transfer technology to many categories of users, from public administration to the private enterprises.
Today it merges the specificities and competences of the other two Italian high performance computing consortia, CILEA and Caspur: as a unique reference point for technology innovation in Italy, with its services Cineca supports the whole higher education and research system.
Cineca takes part in several research projects funded by the European Union for the promotion and development of IT technologies (grid computing, bioinformatic, digital content, the promotion of transnational access to European supercomputing centres, etc.).
It supports the scientific community by means of high performance computing, develops management systems for the university administrations and for the Ministry of Universities and Research, designs and develops information systems for businesses, health care organizations and public administration.
- Pico (supercomputer), the supercomputer installed at CINECA's data center
- Consorzio Interuniversitario Lombardo per l'Elaborazione Automatica, merged into CINECA in 2013
- Cineca, «uso disinvolto di soldi pubblici» Indagine su ex manager della partecipata
- Bologna, al Cineca sciopero bulgaro
- Tutti gli strafalcioni del Concorso scuola
- TOP500 List – November 2013, retrieved 19 February 2014