Assamese cinema

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Cinema of Assam
No. of screensApprox. 82 in the state of Assam[1]
Main distributorsASFFDC
AM Television
Dolphin Films Pvt. Ltd
Produced feature films (2017)[2]
Total16 in the year 2017
Gross box office (2017)
Total10 crore (US$1.4 million)

Assamese cinema (অসমীয়া: অসমীয়া চলচ্চিত্ৰ), also known as Jollywood cinemas, is cinema in the Assamese language, watched primarily in Assam, India. The industry was born in 1935 when Jyoti Prasad Agarwala released his movie Joymoti.[3] Since then Assamese cinema has developed a slow-paced, sensitive style, especially with the movies of Bhabendra Nath Saikia and Jahnu Barua.[4] The industry is sometimes called Jollywood,[5][6] named for Agarwala and his Jyoti Chitraban Film Studio.[7]

Despite its long history and its artistic successes, for a state that has always taken its cinema seriously, Assamese cinema has never really managed to break through on the national scene despite its film industry making a mark in the National Awards over the years. Although the beginning of the 21st century has seen Bollywood-style Assamese movies hitting the screen, the industry has not been able to compete in the market, significantly overshadowed by the larger industries such as Bollywood.[8]

History[edit]

1930s[edit]

The first Assamese picture, Joymati (1935)

The origins of Assamese cinema can be traced back to Rupkonwar Jyotiprasad Agarwala, who was also a noted poet, playwright, composer and freedom fighter. He was instrumental in the production of the first Assamese Film Joymati in 1935,[4] under the banner of Chitralekha Movietone. Due to the lack of trained technicians, Jyotiprasad, while making his maiden film, shouldered the added responsibilities as the script writer, producer, director, choreographer, editor, set and costume designer, lyricist and music director. The film, completed with a budget of 60,000 rupees was released on 10 March 1935. The picture failed.[4] Like so many early Indian films, the negatives and complete prints of Joymati are missing. Some effort has been made privately by Altaf Mazid to restore and subtitle whatever is left of the prints.[9] Despite the significant financial loss from Joymati, the second picture Indramalati was filmed between 1937 and 1938 finally released in 1939. Pramathesh Barua released his Assamese version of Devdas (1937 film) in 1937. It was the last of the 3 language version following Bengali and Hindi.

1940s[edit]

Agarwala made another film after a lapse of two years titled Indramalati. It was his second and last film. The eminent composer and singer of Assam Bhupen Hazarika, played a prominent role in the play. With the passing away of Jyotiprasad, the Assamese film scene witnessed a temporary lull for about a couple of years. But things changed with the onset of World War II, Taking advantage of this, Rohini Kr. Baruah made a film on a relevant historical topic called Manomati in 1941. It was followed by films like Parvati Prasad Baruwa's Rupahi (1946), Kamal Narayan Choudhury's Badan Barphukan (1947), Phani Sharma's Siraj, Asit Sen's Biplabi, Prabin Phukan's Parghat and Suresh Goswami's Runumi.

1950s[edit]

In the 1950s, Piyali Phukan went on to win a National award.The movie was produced by Gama Prasad Agarwalla under the aegis of Rup Jyoti Productions. The film was directed by Phani Sharma and music was composed by Bhupen Hazarika. The film was about the life of the freedom fighter Piyali Phukan, who stood against the British Rule. He was executed by the British on charges of treason. This film technically was advanced for that time.[clarification needed] In 1955, a new talent Nip Barua made his directorial debut with Smrit Paras. His subsequent films Mak Aaru Moram and Ranga Police won many state awards and the silver medal at the national level. Bhupen Hazarika also produced and directed his first film Era Bator Sur. Prabhat Mukherjee made a film on the universality of motherhood, Puberun (1959), which was shown in the Berlin Film Festival.

1960s[edit]

The next notable film production was Lachit Borphukan by Sarbeswar Chakraborty. Bhupen Hazarika made his musical Shakuntala in 1961, which proved equally successful with critics and the press, winning the president's silver medal. Following this, a chain of films went into regular production and got released, including Nip Barua's Narakasur, Anil Choudhury's Matri Swarga, Brojen Barua's Itu Situ Bahuto and Mukta and Anwar Hussain's Tejimala.

By the middle of the sixties, film began to be produced in Assam on a regular basis. However, between 1935 and 1970 a total of 62 films were produced. Besides the film makers already referred to, many others engaged in film making during the period included Pravin Sharma, Saila Barua, Amar Pathak, Indukalpa Hazarika, Brajen Barua, Dibon Barua, Debkumar Basu, Amulya Manna, Gauri Barman, Atul Bardoloi, Sujit Singha, Nalin Duara and Prafulla Barua.

1970s[edit]

During the period of 1970-82 a total of 57 Assamese films were made. New directors started emerging. Samarendra Narayan Dev's Aranya (1970), Kamal Choudhury's Bhaity (1972, the first colour film of Assam), Manoranjan Sur's Uttaran (1973), Prabin Bora's Parinam (1974), Deuti Barua's Bristi (1974), Pulok Gogoi's Khoj (1974), Padum Barua's Gonga Silonir Pakhi (1976), Bhabendranath Saikia's Sandhya Raag (1977) and Atul Bordoloi's Kollol (1978) are films worth mentioning.

1980s[edit]

Notable directors of contemporary Assamese cinema are Jahnu Barua (who directed Aparoopa, Papori, Halodhia Choraye Baodhan Khai, Bonani, Firingoti and Xagoroloi Bohu Door); Sanjeev Hazarika (Haladhar, Meemanxa) and Bhabendra Nath Saikia who directed Sandhya Raag, Anirbaan, Agnisnaan, Sarothi, Kolahol, Abartan, Itihaas and Kaal Sandhya). Other directors include Santwana Bordoloi who directed Adajya, Bidyut Chakraborty who made Rag Birag, both of which have won national and international awards, and Manju Borah with her multiple award-winning films such as Baibhab, Akashitarar Kathare, and Laaz.[10]

Halodhia Choraye Baodhan Khai became the first Assamese film to won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in 1988 and also won multiple awards at the Locarno International Film Festival in 1988.[11]

1990s[edit]

Adajya, 1996

2000s[edit]

In the starting of the 2000s, the director-actor-musician trio of Munin Barua, Jatin Bora and Zubeen Garg made many popular hit films like Hiya Diya Niya and Nayak.

2010s[edit]

Assamese feature films certified and released in 2010s[12]
Year Certified Released
2010 4 3
2011 7 6
2012 11 10
2013 15 14
2014 21 18
2015 19 8
2016 20 17
2017 16 24

The 2010s saw the release of two Assamese blockbusters - Raamdhenu and Mission China, each collecting over ₹1 crore in the box office. Tumi Aahibane and Priyaar Priyo became the third and fourth film respectively to cross the one crore mark while Doordarshan Eti Jantra have almost reached the one crore mark.

The 2010s also saw the loss of many prominent personalities like director Munin Baruah,[13] actor Biju Phukan,[14] musician Bhupen Hazarika,[15] who have played an important role in shaping Assamese cinema.

2018[edit]

In 2018, Village Rockstars won the Best Feature Film ‘Swarna Kamal’ award at the 65th National Film Awards in Delhi, hence becoming the second Assamese film after Halodhia Choraye Baodhan Khai to won this award. The film also won awards in the categories of Best Child Artist, Best Audiography and Best Editing.[16][17] The film is also selected for India's official entry to 91st Academy Awards making it the first film from Assam to do this.[18]

On 28 July, 2018, another Assamese film Xhoixobote Dhemalite received three awards for Best Film, Best Actress and Best Music in 3rd Love International Film Festival in Los Angeles, US.[19] The film also got 8 nominations.[20] It also became the first Assamese film to release in the US.[21][22]

Assamese films[edit]

All time highest grossing Assamese films[edit]

Background color      indicates the now running on theaters. This list also include some old films with their box office collection inflation adjusted
Rank Film Year Studio(s) Worldwide Gross Ref.
1 Mission China 2017 I Creation Production 6 crore (US$830,000) [23]
2 Raamdhenu 2011 Pride East Entertainment 2.04 crore (US$280,000)
3 Tumi Aahibane 2017 Prerana Creations 1.94 crore (US$270,000) [citation needed]
4 Priyaar Priyo 2017 Azaan Films 1.80 crore (US$250,000) [24]
- Joymoti 1935 Chitralekha Movietone 1.48 crore (US$210,000) (Estimated and inflation adjusted)
5 Hiya Diya Niya 2000 Pooja Motion Pictures 1 crore (US$140,000) (Inflation adjusted)
6 Doordarshan Eti Jantra 2016 AM Television 90 lakh (US$130,000)
7 Village Rockstars 2018 80 lakh (US$110,000)
8 Bahniman 2016 Santoshi Maa Production 65 lakh (US$90,000)
9 Nayak 2001 Pooja Motion Pictures 57 lakh (US$79,000) (Inflation adjusted)
10 Kanyadaan 2002 55 lakh (US$77,000) (Inflation adjusted)
11 Ruff & Tuff 2017 Norman Studio Works 45 lakh (US$63,000)
12 Jeevan Baator Logori 2009 Hills Motion Picture Association 41 lakh (US$57,000)

Awards[edit]

Assam State Film Awards[edit]

Assam State Film Award is an award ceremony for Assamese Films in Guwahati

Prag Cine Awards[edit]

Prag Cine Awards[25] are presented annually by Prag News. The aim of the award is to give support, recognition and inspiration to the Assamese film industry and honour some of the eminent film personalities who have contributed to the cause of Assamese cinema. The award was first instituted in the year 2003. Starting from 2015, films produced in other Northeastern states were also honored in this ceremony.

Brahmaputra Valley Film Festival[edit]

Brahmaputra Valley Film Festival is a homage to the rich culture of Northeast India. The festival is dedicated to the film fraternity of the Northeast region of India, specially Assam. It is an initiative for new film makers to come together and rediscover various aspects of film making. The film festival is in Guwahati, Assam, India annually since 2013. It is an initiative of Tattva Creations.

National Film Award[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "STATEWISE NUMBER OF SINGLE SCREENS". Film Federation of India. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Indian Feature Films 2016". filmfed.org. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  3. ^ Joymoti (1935) [1], IMDB.com
  4. ^ a b c Assam General Knowledge. Bright Publications. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-81-7199-451-9. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  5. ^ "'Mission China is a Project, Not Just a Movie' » Northeast Today". Northeast Today. 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  6. ^ "Cinema and its impact on Indian society". ReviewMantra. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  7. ^ "The Telegraph - Calcutta : Northeast". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  8. ^ Lakshmi B. Ghosh, "A rare peep into world of Assamese cinema", The Hindu, 2006
  9. ^ Mazid, Altaf (2006) Joymoti : The first radical film of India, Himal Magazine, March 2006. Archived 8 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Manju Borah – Assamese Filmmaker". Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  11. ^ "The Sunday Tribune - Spectrum - Lead Article". www.tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  12. ^ "Indian Feature Films certified during the year". Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Munin Barua passes away". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  14. ^ "Iconic actor Biju Phukan passes away at 70 - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  15. ^ "Nation mourns death of legendary singer Bhupen Hazarika". India Today. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  16. ^ "65th National Film Awards: Assamese film 'Village Rockstars' wins Best Feature Film - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  17. ^ "Village Rockstars director Rima Das feels immense joy as Assam brings back National Award after 30 years". The Indian Express. 2018-04-14. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  18. ^ "'Village Rockstars' is India's official entry to Oscars 2019". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2018-09-22. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  19. ^ "Assamese film wins 3 top awards at US fest - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  20. ^ "Assamese film 'Xhoixobote Dhemalite' gets 8 nominations at US film festival". The Economic Times. 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  21. ^ "In a first, Assamese film 'Rainbow Fields' to get US release - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  22. ^ "US debut for Assam film". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  23. ^ "Mission China 1st 2nd 3rd day collection". Desigyan.in. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Priyaar Priyo Assamese movie". moviesfyi. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Nominations of Prag Cine Award 2014". Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.

External links[edit]

Assamese Film Details