Cinema of Transgression
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The Cinema of Transgression is a term coined by Nick Zedd in 1985 to describe a New York City-based underground film movement, consisting of a loose-knit group of like-minded artists using shock value and humor in their work. Key players in this movement were Zedd, Kembra Pfahler, John Waters, Tessa Hughes-Freeland, Casandra Stark, Beth B, Tommy Turner, Richard Kern, and Lydia Lunch, who in the late 1970s and mid-1980s began to make very low-budget films using cheap 8 mm cameras.
Cinema of Transgression continues to heavily influence underground filmmakers. In 2000, the British Film Institute showed a retrospective of the movement's work introduced by those involved in the production of the original video films.
In November 2001, reclusive British filmmaker Philip Goring passionately read the original manifesto written by Nick Zedd, from dawn to dusk, at Speakers' Corner, Hyde Park, London, a long-standing haven of free speech where many of the world's great thinkers and activists have addressed the public.