Cinema of Ukraine

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Cinema of Ukraine
Ukraine film clapperboard.svg
Number of screens 2,332 (2011)[1]
 • Per capita 5.6 per 100,000 (2011)[1]
Main distributors B And H 20.0%
Gemini Film 11.0%
Kinomania 7.0%[2]
Produced feature films (2009)[3]
Fictional 5
Animated -
Documentary -
Number of admissions (2011)[4]
Total 14,995,200
National films 448,400 (3.0%)
Gross Box Office (2011)[4]
Total UAH 345 million
National films UAH 4.62 million (1.3%)

Ukraine has had an influence on the history of the cinema. Prominent Ukrainian directors include Alexander Dovzhenko and Sergei Parajanov. Dovzhenko is often cited as one of the most important early Soviet filmmakers,[5][6] as well as being a pioneer of Soviet montage theory and founding Dovzhenko Film Studios. Parajanov was an Armenian film director and artist who made significant contributions to Ukrainian, Armenian and Georgian cinema; he invented his own cinematic style, Ukrainian poetic cinema,[6] which was totally out of step with the guiding principles of socialist realism.

Other important directors include Kira Muratova, Larisa Shepitko, Sergei Bondarchuk, Leonid Bykov, Yuri Ilyenko, Leonid Osyka, Ihor Podolchak with his Delirium and Maryna Vroda. Many Ukrainian actors have achieved international fame and critical success, including Vera Kholodnaya, Bohdan Stupka, Milla Jovovich, Olga Kurylenko, Renata Litvinova, and Mila Kunis.

Despite a history of important and successful productions, the industry has often been characterised by a debate about its identity and the level of Russian and European influence.[7] Ukrainian producers are active in international co-productions, while Ukrainian actors, directors and crew feature regularly in Russian (and formerly Soviet) films. Successful films have been based on Ukrainian people, stories or events, including Battleship Potemkin, Man with a Movie Camera, and Everything Is Illuminated.

The Ukrainian State Film Agency owns National Oleksandr Dovzhenko Film Centre, film copying laboratory and archive, and takes part in hosting of the Odessa International Film Festival. Another festival, Molodist in Kyiv, is the only FIAPF accredited International Film Festival held in Ukraine; the competition program has sections for student films, first short film, and first full feature films from all over the world. It is held annually in October.

Film studios[edit]

State owned[edit]

Privately owned[edit]

Film distribution[edit]

B&H Film Distribution Company is a major Ukrainian film distributor; it is the local distributor of films by Walt Disney Pictures, Universal Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Sony Pictures Entertainment (Columbia Pictures).[11]

Ukrainian Film Distribution (formerly Gemini Ukraine) is the local distributor of films by 20th Century Fox (Fox Searchlight Pictures, Blue Sky Studios).[11]

Kinomania is the local distributor of films by Warner Brothers (New Line Cinema).[11]

Short films, festival winners and art house are mostly disrtibuted by Arthouse traffic.[11]

Festivals[edit]

Odessa Film Festival Grand Prix
  • Molodist,[12] Kyiv International Film Festival (1970-)
  • Kyiv International Film Festival,[13] (2009-)
  • Odessa International Film Festival,[14] (2010-)
  • Animation Film Festival "Krok",[15] (1987) organized by the Ukrainian Association of Cinematographers and takes place in Ukraine and Russia
  • Pokrov,[16] international festival of Christian Orthodox cinema, held in Kyiv (2003-)
  • Vidkryta Nich (Open Night),[17] festival of Ukrainian debut short films, held in Kyiv (1997-)
  • Kharkiv Siren Film Festival,[18] international festival of short feature films, held in Kharkiv (2008-)
  • Wiz-Art,[19] International Short Film Festival, held in Lviv (2008-)
  • VAU-Fest,[20] International Video Art and Short Film Festival, held in the town of Ukrainka in Kyiv oblast (2010-)
  • Kinofront,[21] festival of Ukrainian Z and indie movies (2008-)
  • Docudays UA,[22] international human rights documentary film festival, held in Kyiv with travelling program around Ukraine (2003-)
  • Contact, international documentary film festival, held in Kyiv (2005-2007)
  • Berdiansk International Film Festival "Golden Brigantine",[23] festival of cinema made in Commonwealth of Independent States and Baltic countries, held in the city of Berdiansk (2011)
  • Irpin Film Festival,[24] international noncommercial festival of alternative cinema, held in the town of Irpin (2003)
  • Golden Pektorale,[25] International Truskavets Film Festival, held in the town of Truskavets
  • Mute Nights, Odessa, International silent film festival which is held in Odessa on the third week on June.
  • Kino-Yalta, festival of producer's cinema[26] (2003) organized together with the Russian government
  • Sebastopol International Film Festival,[27] held in Sevastopol, Crimea (2005-2009, 2011)

Awards[edit]

Former awards[edit]

Notable films[edit]

Still from Las Meninas

Top awards[edit]

Award Category Film title Year Director
Palme d'Or Short Film The Cross (Cross-country) 2011 Maryna Vroda
Palme d'Or Short Film Podorozhni (Wayfarers) 2005 Ihor Strembitskyi
Jury Prize Silver Bear at Berlinale Short Film Ischov tramwai N°9 (The Tram N°9 Goes) 2003 Stepan Koval
Panorama Award of the NYFA at Berlinale Short Film Tyr (Shooting Gallery) 2001 Taras Tomenko
FIPRESCI Prize FIPRESCI Award Lebedyne Ozero - Zona (Swan Lake. The Zone) 1990 Yuriy Illienko
Award of the Youth at Cannes Film Festival Foreign Film Lebedyne Ozero - Zona (Swan Lake. The Zone) 1990 Yuriy Illienko

Top Ukrainian-language films by IMDb rating[30][edit]

Name Year Rating Link
Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors 1965 8.1 [2]
Unforgotten Shadows 2013 6.8 [3]
Delirium 2013 7.5 [4]
Gámer 2011 7.0 [5]
Paradjanov 2013 6.8 [6]
The Guide 2014 8.5 [7]
Firecrosser 2011 7.3 [8]

Actors[edit]

Directors[edit]

Kiev movie theatre.

History of the cinema in Ukraine[edit]

On the territory of Odessa film studio there is a Museum of the Cinema, in which you can find out about many interesting facts on the history of the cinema in general and history of Ukrainian cinema as a part. Here you can find historic materials, from the invention of cinema, to the postmodern, digital and avant garde.

Government and civil bodies concerned[edit]

is administrated by the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Association of Cinematographers.

See also[edit]

Part of a series on
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Lesser coat of arms of Ukraine
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History · Rulers
List of Ukrainians

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Table 1: Feature Film Production - Genre/Method of Shooting". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Table 11: Exhibition - Admissions & Gross Box Office (GBO)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Ivan Katchanovski, Zenon E. Kohut, Bohdan Y. Nebesio, Myroslav Yurkevich (2013). "Film" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. p. 174. ISBN 9780810878471. 
  6. ^ a b "Capturing the Marvelous: Ukrainian poetic cinema". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Shevchuk, Yuri (2014). Linguistic Strategies of Imperial Appropriation: Why Ukraine is absent from world film history. Ch. 22 of Contemporary Ukraine on the Cultural Map of Europe, ed. Larissa M. L. Zaleska Onyshkevych & Maria G. Rewakowicz. Routledge. pp. 359–374. ISBN 9781317473787. 
  8. ^ Website of Yalta Film Studio (Russian)
  9. ^ Website of Film.UA
  10. ^ Website of Yalta-Film (Russian)
  11. ^ a b c d Film distribution: who brings movies to Ukraine (Ukrainian)
  12. ^ Official website
  13. ^ KIFF official website
  14. ^ Official website
  15. ^ Krok official website
  16. ^ Pokrov film festival official website
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ Харьковская Сирень
  19. ^ Wiz Art
  20. ^ VAU-Fest
  21. ^ Kinofront
  22. ^ Docudays UA
  23. ^ BMKF official page
  24. ^ Irpin film festival official page
  25. ^ Golden Pektorale
  26. ^ Encyclopedia of Homeland Cinema (Russian)
  27. ^ Sebastopol film festival official website
  28. ^ Regulations for Molodist festival (Ukrainian)
  29. ^ Awards and Jury of OIFF (English)
  30. ^ IMDb - Data as for July 2015

External links[edit]