Cinnamon becard

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Cinnamon becard
Flickr - Rainbirder - Cinnamon Becard (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus) (1) (cropped).jpg
On the slopes of the Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tityridae
Genus: Pachyramphus
Species: P. cinnamomeus
Binomial name
Pachyramphus cinnamomeus
Lawrence, 1861

The cinnamon becard (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus) is a passerine bird found in Latin America.

Taxonomy[edit]

It has been placed with the tityras in the cotinga or the tyrant flycatcher families by various authors, but the evidence strongly suggest the tityras and their closest relatives are better separated as Tityridae. The AOU for example advocates this separation.[2]

Description[edit]

The adult cinnamon becard is 5.5 in (14 cm) long and weighs 0.6–0.8 oz (17–22 g). It is rufous above and paler cinnamon below, with a grey bill and legs. Unlike other becards, the sexes are similar, but the young are brighter above and paler overall. Northern birds have a pale supercilium and dusky line from the bill to the eye, but the subspecies Pachyramphus cinnamomeus magdalenae west of the Andes shows more contrast, with a stronger supercilium and blackish loral line.

The calls include high thin whistles. The males' song is a plaintive ascending dee dee dee dee dee dee de while the females' is a weaker deeeu dew dew, dew dew.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The cinnamon becard is a resident breeding species from south-eastern Mexico south to north-western Ecuador and north-western Venezuela. It was recently found to be far more common on the Amazonian slope of the Colombian Cordillera Oriental than previously believed.[3]

It occurs over a wide range of altitudes, from almost sea level to (albeit rarely) more than 5,000 ft (1,700 m) ASL; they prefer disturbed habitat like open woodland including forest edges and clearings, mangroves, and secondary forest e.g. dominated by Naked Albizia (Albizia carbonaria, Fabaceae).[3]

Behaviour[edit]

Breeding[edit]

The nest, built by the female at the tip of a high tree branch 8–50 ft (2.5–15 m) up, is a spherical structure of plant material with a low entrance, which for protection is often built near a wasp nest. The typical clutch is 3–4 olive brown-blotched brownish white eggs, laid between March and July and incubated by the female alone for 18–20 days to hatching. The male helps to feed the young.

Feeding[edit]

Cinnamon becards pick large insects and spiders off the foliage in flight. They also regularly hover to take small berries.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pachyramphus cinnamomeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ SACC (2007)
  3. ^ a b Salaman et al. (2002)

References[edit]