Cinque Hommes Creek
|Cinque Hommes Creek|
|Name origin: French meaning "Five Men", or St. Cosme, a Catholic Missionary|
|- location||Cape Cinque Hommes, MO|
|- elevation||341 ft (104 m)|
|Length||17.1 mi (28 km)|
|Basin||70.1 sq mi (182 km2)|
The early Colonial French name for the creek was "à la viande" or "with meat". Cinque Hommes Creek was named after Cape Cinque Hommes on the Mississippi River, although this name most likely originates from the Canadian Catholic missionary priest Father Jean Francois Buisson de St. Cosme. The pronunciation of "St. Cosme" and "Cinque Hommes" is exactly the same in French, and the early Frenchmen who came after father St. Cosme, misunderstanding, called it by the latter name.
The stream rises in Cinque Hommes Township in Perry County, Missouri, and takes a winding course through Central and Salem townships. Its mouth empties into the Mississippi River near Menfro not far from Cape Cinque Hommes. Five cave systems are found within the Cinque Hommes Creek drainage: Moore Cave, Crevice Cave, Mystery Cave, Rimstone River Cave and Running Bull Cave.
A number of tributaries flow into Cinque Hommes Creek:
A number of bridges have crossed Cinque Hommes Creek over the years. The Cinque Hommes Creek Route B Bridge was a truss bridge built in 1888, and collapsed on April 15, 1962, following a collusion by an overweight truck. It was replaced in 1963. The Cinque Hommes US 61 Bridge was a truss bridge built in 1930, and replaced in 1996 with a stringer bridge. Cinque Hommes Creek empties into the Mississippi River south of [Menfro, Missouri] in the Red Rock Landing Conversation Area.
Cape St. Cosme or Cape Cinque Hommes - a point on the Mississippi River - was conferred for Father Jean Francois Buisson de Saint Cosme (1667-1702), a missionary priest from the Quebec Seminary of Foreign Missions, who visited the spot in 1698 and erected a cross on Grand Tower. Jean St. Cosme was the son of Michael Buisson, a native of Cosme le Vert in the Diocese of Mans in France, and of Susanne Licheraffe. He was ordained a Seminarian priest at the age of twenty-three. Father St. Cosme was stationed first at Tamaroa, in Illinois, and also labored in Acadia, Louisiana, and among the Natchez Indians in Lower Louisiana. He was massacred by a party of the Chitimacha Indians while descending the Mississippi in 1702.
- Walter A. Schroeder (2002). "Opening the Ozarks: A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste. Genevieve District, 1760-1830". ISBN 9780826263063.
- Robert L. Ramsay (1952). "Our Storehouse of Missouri Place Names". ISBN 9780826205865.
- State Historical Society of Missouri: Perry County http://shs.umsystem.edu/manuscripts/ramsay/ramsay_perry.html
- Bridgehunter.com http://bridgehunter.com/mo/perry/
- Moatlas http://mdc4.mdc.mo.gov/applications/moatlas/AreaSummaryPage.aspx?txtAreaID=9522
- Louis Houck (1908). "A History of Missouri: From the Earliest Explorations and Settlements Until the Admission of the State Into the Union".
- Sidney Breese; Melville Weston Fuller (1884). "The Early History of Illinois: From Its Discovery by the French, in 1673, Until Its Cession to Great Britain in 1763, Including the Narrative of Marquette's Discovery of the Mississippi".