Cinta Senese

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Cinta Senese
Il Passeggere (5724676257).jpg
Conservation status FAO (2007): endangered[1]
Other names
  • Cinta
  • Cinto
  • Cinto Toscano
  • Cinturello Umbro
  • Cinturino Umbro
  • Suino Cinto Toscano DOP
Country of origin Italy
Traits
Weight
  • Male: 300 kg
  • Female: 250 kg
Notes
Breed standard
  • Pig
  • Sus scrofa domesticus
Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Effetti del buon governo in campagna, 1338–39, in the Palazzo Pubblico, Siena; detail, showing among other things a Cinta Senese pig

The Cinta Senese is a breed of domestic pig from the province of Siena, in Tuscany, central Italy.[2] Since 2006 animals raised in Tuscany have had DOP status, and are officially named Suino Cinto Toscano DOP.[3] The Cinta Senese is one of the six autochthonous pig breeds recognised by the Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali, the Italian ministry of agriculture and forestry.[4]

Cinta Senese piglets

The Cinta Senese is particularly associated with the Montagnola Senese and the comuni of Casole d'Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Gaiole in Chianti, Monteriggioni, Siena and Sovicille, in the area between the upper Merse and the upper Elsa rivers. It was in the past widely distributed throughout Tuscany.

A genealogical herdbook was established in the early 1930s. The population fell drastically after the Second World War, almost to the point of extinction, and the herdbook was discontinued in the 1960s. Following a recent recovery in numbers, the herdbook was re-opened in 1997,[5][6] and is kept by the Associazione Nazionale Allevatori Suini, the Italian national association of pig breeders. The population remains low: at the end of 2007 it was 2867;[5] the conservation status of the breed was listed as "endangered" by the FAO in the same year.[1] At the end of 2012 there were 2543 pigs registered, distributed over 111 farms.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed May 2014.
  2. ^ Breed data sheet: Cinta Senese. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed September 2013.
  3. ^ Maria Rosito (2008). Cinta senese, rinascita di una razza (in Italian). Eurocarni (3): 196.
  4. ^ Norme tecniche del Libro Genealogico e del Registro Anagrafico della specie suina: Allegato 1 a D.M. 11255 del 13 June 2013 (in Italian). Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali. pp. 8–9. Accessed September 2013.
  5. ^ a b Daniele Bigi, Alessio Zanon (2008). Atlante delle razze autoctone: Bovini, equini, ovicaprini, suini allevati in Italia (in Italian). Milan: Edagricole. ISBN 9788850652594. p. 432–34.
  6. ^ Strutture Zootecniche (Dec. 2009/712/CE - Allegato 2 - Capitolo 2) (in Italian). Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali. Section I(b). Archived 4 December 2013.
  7. ^ Andrea Cristini, et al. (23 June 2013). Relazione del comitato direttivo alla assemblea generale dei soci (in Italian). Rome: Associazione Nazionale Allevatori Suini. Archived 7 May 2014.