Ciocârlia (Romanian folk tune)
Ciocârlia (meaning the skylark) is a Romanian tune, allegedly composed by the Romani-Romanian pan flute player Angheluş Dinicu in the virtuosic style of the urban lăutarească music from late 19th century.
Angheluş Dinicu first presented the tune in 1889 at the inauguration of the Eiffel Tower. However, the most famous version would become that of his grandson Grigoraș Dinicu, that adapted the tune for violin. George Enescu also was inspired by Ciocârlia for his composition the Romanian Rhapsody No. 1 for orchestra.
Ciocârlia has been covered numerous times, but because it is a piece of lăutărească music and not a piece of Romanian peasant music it cannot be considered representative for the Romanian peasant spirit.
In the case of the Ciocârlia, like with other famous tunes of lăutărească music, there were attempts to hide the name of the composer in order to make it seem anonymous/traditional.
It is known as Ševa (Шева) and čučuliga (Чучулига) in Serbian, Bulgarian and Macedonian. It has also become highly popular in the Jewish Klezmer repertoire. In Georgia, the tune became widely adopted into traditional folk music repertoire and is known as "Torola" (ტოროლა, the lark)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2010-05-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "VIDEO Grigore Leşe : „Trebuie să cântăm puţin şi bine"".
- "Through time, the traditional music has died and came to life again". timpul.md. 8 September 2006. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
- Cosma, Viorel: "Lăutari de ieri şi de azi", ed. Du Style, 1996. ISBN 973-9246-05-2
- Maxwell Street Klezmer Band. "The Lark". The Lark.
- zura gog (19 October 2010). "ტოროლა Torola" – via YouTube.