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Cipla Limited
Traded as BSE500087
BSE SENSEX Constituent
CNX Nifty Constituent
Industry Pharmaceuticals
Founded 1935
Founder Dr. K. A. Hamied
Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Area served
Key people
Y. K. Hamied, Chairman
Umang Vohra (CEO)
Products Pharmaceuticals and diagnostics
Revenue Increase 104.83 billion (US$1.6 billion) (2013-14)[1]
Increase 18.80 billion (US$280 million) (2012-13)[1]
Increase 13.89 billion (US$210 million) (2013-14)[1]
Total assets Increase 109.68 billion (US$1.6 billion) (2013-14)[1]
Total equity Increase 100.91 billion (US$1.5 billion) (2013-14)[1]
Number of employees

Cipla Limited is an Indian multinational pharmaceutical and biotechnology company, headquartered in Mumbai, India.[3][4][5][6]

As of 17 September 2014, its market capitalisation was 517 billion (US$7.7 billion), making it India's 42nd largest publicly traded company by market value.[7][8][9]


It was founded by Dr. Khwaja Abdul Hamied as 'The Chemical, Industrial & Pharmaceutical Laboratories' in 1935 in Mumbai.[10][11] The name of the Company was changed to 'Cipla Limited' on 20 July 1984.[11] In the year 1985, US FDA approved the company's bulk drug manufacturing facilities.[12] Led by the founder’s son Yusuf Hamied, a Cambridge-educated chemist, the company became a global icon for its role in defying Western multinational pharmaceutical companies in order to provide generic AIDS and other drugs to treat poor people in the developing world.[13] In 1994, Cipla launched Deferiprone, the world’s first oral iron chelator.[10] In 2001, Cipla offered medicines (antiretrovirals) for HIV treatment at a fractional cost (less than $350 per year per patient).[14]

In 2013 Cipla acquired the South African company Cipla-Medpro, kept it as a subsidiary, and changed its name to Cipla Medpro South Africa Limited.[15][16] At the time of the acquisition Cipla-Medpro had been a distribution partner for Cipla and was South Africa's third biggest pharmaceutical company.[15] The company had been founded in 2002 and was known as Enaleni Pharmaceuticals Ltd.[17] In 2005, Enaleni bought all the shares of Cipla-Medpro, which had been a joint venture between Cipla and Medpro Pharmaceuticals, a South African generics company,[18] and in 2008 it changed its name to Cipla-Medpro.[19]

Products and services[edit]

Cipla sells active pharmaceutical ingredients to other manufacturers as well as pharmaceutical and personal care products,[20] including Escitalopram (anti-depressant), Lamivudine and Fluticasone propionate.[2] They are the world's largest manufacturer of antiretroviral drugs[20][21]


Cipla has 34 manufacturing units in 8 locations across India and has presence in 100 countries.[22][23] Exports accounted for 48% 49.48 billion (US$740 million) of its revenue for FY 2013-14.[1] Cipla spent INR 517 cr. (5.4% of revenue) in FY 2013-14 on R&D activities.[1] The primary focus areas for R&D were development of new formulations, drug-delivery systems and APIs (active pharmaceutical ingredients). Cipla also cooperates with other enterprises in areas such as consulting, commissioning, engineering, project appraisal, quality control, know-how transfer, support, and plant supply.

As on 31 March 2013, the company had 22,036 employees (out of which 2,455 were women (7.30%) and 23 were employees with disabilities (0.1%)).[2] During the FY 2013-14, the company incurred 12.85 billion (US$190 million) on employee benefit expenses.[1]

Listings and shareholding[edit]

The equity shares of Cipla are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange,[24] where it is a constituent of the BSE SENSEX index,[25] and the National Stock Exchange of India,[26] where it is a constituent of the CNX Nifty.[27] Its Global Depository Receipts (GDRs) are listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange.[1]

As on 30 September 2014, the promoter group, Dr. Y. K. Hamied and his family, held around 36.80% equity shares in Cipla. Around 148,000 individual shareholders held approx. 18.67% of its shares.[28] LIC is the largest non-promoter shareholder with approx. 6.45% shareholding in the company by the end of September 2013.[29]

Shareholders (as on 31-March-2014) Shareholding[28]
Promoter Group 36.80%
Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) 23.32%
Individual shareholders 19.00%
Insurance companies 06.59%
Private Corporate Bodies 04.68%
Mutual Funds and UTI 04.43%
NRI/FCB/Others 03.46%
GDRs 01.10%
Total 100.0%

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • In 2012, Cipla received the Thomson Reuters India Innovation Award.[30]
  • Cipla won Dun & Bradstreet American Express Corporate Awards for 2006.[31]
  • In 2005, Forbes included Cipla in the 200 'Best under a billion' list of best small Asian companies.[32]
  • In 1980, Cipla won Chemexcil Award for Excellence for exports.[12]
  • Cipla stood third in the India's Most Reputed Brands (Pharmaceutical) list [33] in a study conducted by BlueBytes,[34] a leading Media Analytics firm in association with TRA Research,[35] a brand insights organization (both a part of the Comniscient Group).


Emergency contraception[edit]

In August 2007, Cipla launched an emergency contraception pill sold over the counter,[36] which was controversial with regard to its marketing, its being available without a prescription, and the amount of drug in the pill.[37][38]

Generic drugs[edit]

In the late 1960s, Cipla began manufacturing a new, patented drug, propranolol, and when the drug's patent holder, ICI, protested to the Indian government, the CEO of Cipla successfully lobbied the government of Indira Gandhi to change India's patent laws to eliminate patents that directly covered drugs,and instead to allow only patents that covered methods to make drugs.[39] This change made propranolol and other patented drugs, generic and led to criticism of both India's patent laws and Cipla.[40] India reinstated patents on drugs in 2005.[39]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Annual Report 2013-14" (PDF). Cipla. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Business Responsibility Report 2013-14" (PDF). Cipla. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Cipla to buy 51% in Yemen distribution company | Business Line
  4. ^ Cipla invests $1.5 million in Chase Pharma | Business Line
  5. ^ Cipla gets 345 million rand South African contract | Business Line
  6. ^ Cambridge varsity honour for Cipla chief | Business Line
  7. ^ "Top Companies by Market Capitalisation". Money Control. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Cipla to sell MSD’s HIV drug in India | Business Line
  9. ^ Cipla, Hetero to roll out biosimilar drug | Business Line
  10. ^ a b "About us - History". Cipla Limited. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Company History - Cipla Ltd.". Economic Times. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Company Profile - Cipla Limited". Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Interview with Yusuf Hamied". Creating Emerging Markets. Harvard Business School. 
  14. ^ "Indian drug company offers cheap AIDS drugs". USA Today. 19 June 2001. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Jawani, Lohit (July 16, 2013). "Cipla completes acquisition of South Africa's Cipla Medpro". VC Circle. 
  16. ^ "Delists from JSE". Business Day Live. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Enaleni Pharmaceuticals Limited Prospectus 2005". Morningstar. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  18. ^ Avafia, Tenu; Berger, Jonathan; Hartzenberg, Trudi (2006). "The ability of select sub-Saharan African countries to utilise TRIPs Flexibilities and Competition Law to ensure a sustainable supply of essential medicines: A study of producing and importing countries" (PDF). WHO. 
  19. ^ Kahn, Tamar (September 10, 2008). "South Africa: Enaleni Takes Name of Its Unit Cipla-Medpro". All Africa. 
  20. ^ a b "cipla ltd (CIPLA:Natl India)". Business Week. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "AIDS Healthcare Foundation Campaign Challenges Cipla Over Drug Pricing in India". PR Newswire. 8 August 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  22. ^ Link title"Cipla Limited: Revenue and Financial Data". Cipla. Retrieved 9 September 2016. 
  23. ^ "Cipla in the pink of health". Business Standard. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "Cipla Limited". Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Scripwise Weightages in S&P BSE SENSEX". BSE India. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  26. ^ "NTPC Limited". NSE India. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Download List of CNX Nifty stocks (.csv)". NSE India. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  28. ^ a b "Shareholding pattern as on 30th September, 2013" (PDF). Cipla Limited. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "CIPLA - Shareholding belonging to the category : "Public and holding more than 1% of the Total No.of Shares"". 30 September 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  30. ^ DBT, Cipla get Thomson Reuters India innovation awards
  31. ^ "Pharmaceutical sector award". Dun & Bradstreet. 10 September 2006. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  32. ^ "Asian Paints, Cipla in Forbes list". Economic Times. 17 November 2005. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^ "Cipla rises on morning-after pill". Hindustan Times. 5 October 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  37. ^ "Cipla Launches i-pill". Financial Express. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  38. ^ "'i-pill' by Cipla draws criticism from experts". Financial Express. 27 October 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  39. ^ a b "The Treasure of Mumbai". Wired Magazine. December 2006. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  40. ^ "Indian Generic Drug Maker Targets Sad Americans". 3 January 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 

External links[edit]