Cirata Dam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cirata Dam
Cirata Dam is located in Indonesia
Cirata Dam
Location of Cirata Dam in Indonesia
CountryIndonesia
LocationPurwakarta
Coordinates6°42′02″S 107°22′01″E / 6.70056°S 107.36694°E / -6.70056; 107.36694Coordinates: 6°42′02″S 107°22′01″E / 6.70056°S 107.36694°E / -6.70056; 107.36694
StatusOperational
Construction began1984
Opening date1988
Dam and spillways
Type of damEmbankment, concrete-face rock-fill
ImpoundsCitarum River
Height125 m (410 ft)
Length453 m (1,486 ft)
Dam volume3,900,000 m3 (5,101,007 cu yd)
Reservoir
Total capacity2,165,000,000 m3 (1,755,194 acre⋅ft)
Active capacity796,000,000 m3 (645,328 acre⋅ft)
Catchment area4,119 km2 (1,590 sq mi)
Surface area62 km2 (24 sq mi)
Cirata Power Station
Coordinates6°40′52.19″S 107°20′48.48″E / 6.6811639°S 107.3468000°E / -6.6811639; 107.3468000
Operator(s)PT Pembangkitan Jawa Bali
Commission date1988–1998
Turbines8 x 126 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity1,008 MW
Annual generation1,426 GWh

The Cirata Dam is an embankment dam on the Citarum River in West Java, Indonesia. It is located 100 km (62 mi) southeast of Jakarta. It was constructed between 1984 and 1988 for the primary purpose of hydroelectric power generation. Other purposes include flood control, aquaculture, water supply and irrigation. The 125 m (410 ft) tall concrete-face rock-fill dam is situated just before a sharp bend in the river and withholds a reservoir with a gross storage capacity of 2,165,000,000 m3 (1,755,194 acre⋅ft). The reservoir has a surface area of 62 km2 (24 sq mi) which caused the relocation of 6,335 families. The dam's power station is located on the north side of the river bend and contains eight 126 MW Francis turbine-generators. It has a total installed capacity of 1,008 MW and an annual generation of 1,426 GWh. The power station was completed in two phases, the second was completed in 1998. It serves mostly as a peaking power plant and is the largest hydroelectric power station in Indonesia.[1][2] The construction of the dam resulted in involuntary resettlement of 56000 people.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IEA Hydropower Implementing Agreement Annex VIII – Cirata Dam" (PDF). Case Study 14-05: Development of Regional Industries – Cirata Hydro Electric Power Project, Indonesi. IEA Hydropower. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  2. ^ "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Indonesia". IndustCards. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  3. ^ B. Terminski, Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: Theoretical Frameworks and Current Challenges, Geneva 2013.