|Short-toed snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus)|
These are mainly resident African species, but the migratory short-toed snake eagle breeds from the Mediterranean basin into Russia, the Middle East and India, and winters in sub-Saharan Africa and east to Indonesia.
Snake eagles are found in open habitats like cultivated plains arid savanna, but require trees in which to build a stick nest. The single egg is incubated mainly or entirely by the female.
Species in taxonomic order
- Short-toed snake eagle, Circaetus gallicus
- Black-chested snake eagle, Circaetus pectoralis - sometimes included in C. gallicus
- Beaudouin's snake eagle, Circaetus beaudouini - sometimes included in C. gallicus
- Brown snake eagle, Circaetus cinereus
- Southern banded snake eagle or fasciated snake eagle, Circaetus fasciolatus
- Western banded snake eagle, Circaetus cinerascens
- Congo serpent eagle, Circaetus spectabilis
Circaetus rhodopensis late Miocene of Bulgaria)
Circaetus haemusensis (early Pleistocene of Bulgaria)
- Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Boev, Z. 2012. Circaetus rhodopensis sp. n. (Aves, Accipitriformes) from the Late Miocene of Hadzhidimovo (SW Bulgaria). - Acta zoologica bulgarica, 64 (1): 5-12.
- Boev, Z. 2015. An Early Pleistocene Snake-eagle (Circaetus haemusensis sp. n. - Aves, Accipitriformes) from Varshets (NW Bulgaria). – Acta zoologica bulgarica. 67 (1), 2015: 127-138.