( Circassians in Turkey East Circassian and West Circassian: Адыгэхэр Тырку, Adyghexer Tyrku; Turkish: ) are one of the largest ethnic minorities in Turkey, with a population between 130,000 and 2 million. The closely related ethnic groups Türkiye'deki Çerkesler Abazins (10,000 ) and  Abkhazians (39,000 ) are also often counted among them. Circassians are a  Caucasian immigrant people, but the vast majority of them have assimilated to the Turkish language, and only a small minority still speak their native Circassian languages. The Circassians in Turkey are almost exclusively Sunni Muslims of Hanafi madh'hab.
Demographics [ edit ]
In the census of 1965, 58,339 Turkish citizens spoke Circassian as first language, which was roughly 0.2% of the population. Proportionally, these were most numerous in
Kayseri (3.2%), Tokat (1.2%) and Kahramanmaraş (1.0). Another 48,621 citizens spoke Circassian as second language.
The distribution of Circassians in Turkey
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Milliyet, Anadil kontrolüyle sağlanan dolaylı bilgininde katılmasıyla ortaya çıkan tabloda Türkiye'de yetişkinlerin (18 yaş ve üstündekilerin) etnik kimliklerin dağılımı ... 0.3 Kafkas kökenli
^ KONDA Research and Consultancy, Social Structure Survey 2006
^ Heinz Kloss & Grant McConnel, Linguistic composition of the nations of the world, vol,5, Europe and USSR, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, 1984, ISBN 2-7637-7044-4
^ , Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization Circassia .
^ Ülkü Bilgin: Azınlık hakları ve Türkiye. Kitap Yayınevi, Istanbul 2007; S. 85. ISBN 975-6051-80-9 (Turkish Language)
^ "Ethnologue: Abasinen". Ethnologue . Retrieved . 20 November 2014
^ "Ethnologue: Abchasen". Ethnologue . Retrieved . 20 November 2014
External links [ edit ]
Ethnic cleansing of Circassians