Circle MRT Line

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This article is about the metro line of the Singapore MRT. For the metro line of the Klang Valley MRT, see Circle MRT Line (Klang Valley).
 CCL 
Circle MRT Line
Laluan MRT Bulatan
地铁环线
இணைப்பு எம்ஆர்டி வழி
MRT map CC.svg
The Circle Line is coloured orange on system maps.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
Status Operational
Termini Dhoby Ghaut
HarbourFront
Marina Bay
Stations 33 (excluding Bukit Brown)
Services 3
Daily ridership 398,000 (May 2015)
Operation
Opened 28 May 2009 (Stage 3)
17 April 2010 (Stage 1 and 2)
8 October 2011 (Stage 4 and 5)
14 January 2012 (Circle Line Extension)
2025 (Stage 6)
Owner Land Transport Authority
Operator(s) SMRT Trains (SMRT Corporation)
Character Underground
Depot(s) Kim Chuan
Rolling stock C830, C830C
Technical
Line length 35.5 km (22.1 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC third rail
Operating speed limit of 78 kilometres per hour (48 mph)
Route map
Left arrow Jurong East
 
Left arrow HarbourFront
  Punggol Right arrow
 CC1  NS24  NE6  Dhoby Ghaut
 
  Chinatown Right arrow
 CC2  Bras Basah
 CC3  Esplanade
 CE2  NS27  TE20  Marina Bay
Left arrow Marina South Pier
 
 CE1  DT16  Bayfront
 CC4  DT15  Promenade
Bukit Panjang Right arrow
 
 CC5  Nicoll Highway
Kallang Basin
 CC6  Stadium
 CC7  Mountbatten
 CC8  Dakota
Geylang River
 CC9  EW8  Paya Lebar
Left arrow Pasir Ris
  Joo Koon Right arrow
Pan Island Expressway
Kallang–Paya Lebar Expressway
 CC10  DT26  MacPherson
Left arrow Sungei Bedok
  Bukit Panjang Right arrow
 CC11  Tai Seng
Kim Chuan Depot
 CC12  Bartley
Left arrow Punggol
  HarbourFront Right arrow
 CC13  NE12  Serangoon
 CC14  Lorong Chuan
Central Expressway
 CC15  NS17  Bishan
Left arrow Jurong East
  Marina South Pier Right arrow
 CC16  Marymount
Left arrow Woodlands North
 
 CC17  TE9  Caldecott
  Sungei Bedok Right arrow
 
 CC18  Bukit Brown
Pan Island Expressway
Left arrow Bukit Panjang
  Sungei Bedok Right arrow
 CC19  DT9  Botanic Gardens
 CC20  Farrer Road
 CC21  Holland Village
Left arrow Joo Koon
  Pasir Ris Right arrow
 CC22  EW21  Buona Vista
 CC23  one-north
Ayer Rajah Expressway
 CC24  Kent Ridge
 CC25  Haw Par Villa
 CC26  Pasir Panjang
 CC27  Labrador Park
 CC28  Telok Blangah
 CC29  NE1  HarbourFront
  Punggol Right arrow
 
 CC30  Keppel
 CC31  Cantonment
 CC32  Prince Edward

The Circle Line (CCL) is Singapore's fourth Mass Rapid Transit line. This fully underground line is 35.5 kilometres (22.1 mi) long with 30 stations (excluding Bukit Brown) and is fully automatically operated.[1] It takes about one hour to travel from one end to the other. The line is coloured orange on the rail map.

As the name implies, the line is an orbital circle route linking all radial routes leading to the city. It also covers many parts of the Central Area. From Promenade, the line branches with one branch terminating at Dhoby Ghaut and the other terminating at Marina Bay. Transfers to the North South Line are provided at Bishan, Dhoby Ghaut and Marina Bay, East West Line at Paya Lebar and Buona Vista, and North East Line at Dhoby Ghaut, Serangoon and HarbourFront. The Downtown Line interchanges with the Circle Line at Bayfront, Promenade and Botanic Gardens. Future sections of the Downtown Line will interchange with the line at MacPherson. The future Thomson-East Coast Line will interchange with the Circle Line at Caldecott and Marina Bay.

The Circle Line is the first medium capacity line in Singapore. As a medium capacity line, each Circle Line train has only three cars instead of the six-car configuration as seen on other currently operating MRT lines excluding the Downtown Line. As of May 2015, the daily ridership is 398,000.[2] The line reduces travelling time for commuters by allowing them to shorten trips between north and east or north and west, bypassing busy interchange stations like City Hall and Raffles Place.

On 8 October 2011, the Circle Line became fully operational to commemorate its operator SMRT's 24th Anniversary of Rail Services since the company's establishment in 1987.

History[edit]

Plans for the Circle Line date back to the 1980s. The then Minister for Communications and Information, Dr Yeo Ning Hong stated that such a system "would be feasible when the population reaches four million."[citation needed]

The Circle Line was first known as the Marina Line in May 1998. The Marina Line was initially planned as a 12-station underground line, starting from Chinatown and Dhoby Ghaut via the National Stadium to either Kallang or Paya Lebar station.[citation needed] However, the Chinatown leg was later truncated and was reduced to 6 stations up to Stadium station. On the other hand, a further extension towards Upper Paya Lebar was added in the year 2000. The Marina Line was also merged with an LRT line that goes from Paya Lebar to Buona Vista via Serangoon and Bishan to form Circle Line Stage 3 and 4 in 2001. Circle Line Stage 5 was finalised in February 2002 when Stage 4 was extended from Buona Vista to World Trade Centre to close up the link and to provide connectivity from the west to Sentosa, and it became the full Circle Line in the end. Stations in Circle Line that were a part of the original Marina Line plans include Dhoby Ghaut, Bras Basah, Esplanade, Promenade, Nicoll Highway and Stadium. Also, the part of the Marina Line from Chinatown to Promenade is now part of the Downtown Line.

Construction started in April 2002, and was supposed to be opened from 2006 and fully opened in 2010, with an estimated cost of S$6.7 billion, the Nicoll Highway collapse caused the construction of the Circle Line to be delayed to open from 28 May 2009 (the Stage 3 of which it is not affected by Nicoll Highway collapse), with full opening on 8 October 2011, at an escalated cost of nearly S$10 billion.[3] Due to the re-alignment of the Nicoll Highway Station to a new location, the station is only two-thirds the size of the original plan before the collapse, and located 100 metres (330 ft) away from the highway collapse site.[4] The decision was also made to open both Caldecott, and Haw Par Villa stations (previously Thomson and West Coast), as a normal stations leaving the Bukit Brown MRT Station closed, and there is only a middle track and emergency escape shaft.

View of underground platform at Bishan Station of the Circle Line from ground level during construction in 2007.

Stage 3, a 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) five-station segment stretching from Bartley to Marymount, was the first section of the line opened, on May 28, 2009. Initial ridership on this section was lower than estimated, at 32,000 passengers per day (ppd) instead of the estimated 55,000 ppd.[5] Tunneling works for the entire line were completed on August 17, 2009.[6] Stages 1 and 2 started operations on April 17, 2010,[7] Stages 4 and 5 on October 8, 2011,[8] and the final Circle Line Extension on January 14, 2012. The line was also fully completed in October 2011, to commemorate operator SMRT's 24th anniversary.

one-north Station on the Circle Line.

Circle Line Stage 6[edit]

On 17 January 2013, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) announced 'Circle Line Stage 6' which will finally close the circle, running between Marina Bay and HarbourFront. This extension will help commuters who want to go from Harbourfront to Marina Bay or vice-versa. It will be a 4 km extension.[9] On 29 October 2015, the LTA announced the 3 station locations for the 'Circle Line Stage 6'. The stations are Keppel Station, Cantonment Station and Prince Edward Station. Tenders will be called for construction in 2016 and demolition, diversion and utility works will commence in 2017. Construction of the line will begin earliest in 2018 and it is due for completion in 2025.[10] When the three CCL6 stations: Keppel, Cantonment and Prince Edward are completed in 2025, the CCL will have a total of 33 stations, including 12 interchange stations with other MRT lines.

Incidents[edit]

Nicoll Highway collapse[edit]

On 20 April 2004, a section of the tunnel being built for the Circle Line collapsed, apparently when a retaining wall used in the tunnel's construction gave way. This occurred near what was planned to become the Nicoll Highway Station on the Circle line, not far from the Merdeka Bridge. The accident left a collapse zone 150 metres (490 ft) wide, 100 metres (330 ft) long, and 30 metres (98 ft) deep. Four workers were killed, with three more injured.

A criminal inquiry found the main contractor Nishimatsu Construction Company and joint venture partner firm Lum Chang Construction Company and their officers, as well as key Land Transport Authority officers responsible for the collapse. Several other officers and subcontractors were reprimanded and issued warnings in connection with the accident.

As a result of this accident, the first phase of the Circle Line, previously scheduled to open in 2008, was completed in 2009 instead. The affected station has been shifted about 100 metres (330 ft) away from the accident site and is now located at Republic Avenue.

This accident had also resulted in stricter safety regulations for the construction of all future MRT lines. The shifting of the Nicoll Highway Station also meant it can no longer serve as a terminus for the Bukit Timah Line, partially influencing the creation of the current Downtown Line.

Other incidents[edit]

On 16 August 2007, the Building and Construction Authority (BCA) issued a stop-work order and revoked the contractor's tunnelling permit after a 7 metres (23 ft) stretch of two lanes sank about 20 centimetres (7.9 in), close to the junction of Telok Blangah Road and Alexandra Road in the evening, resulting in a halting of tunnelling works.[11]

A section of the road above a construction site near Holland Road caved in on the morning of 24 May 2008, creating a massive hole. The hole, directly in front of two private houses along Cornwall Gardens Road, measured 8 by 7 metres and was 3 metres deep. No one was injured, but the road was temporarily closed to traffic.[12]

Line disruptions[edit]

On 20 September 2011, a power fault disrupted train services on all 16 stations on the Circle Line. The four hours delay left thousands of commuters stranded during rush-hour. It was reported that leaks and a damaged cable along the Circle Line were the caused of the disruption.[13] The disruption started at about 5.30 am. Train services were gradually restored from 8am and all services were restored just before 10am. Dakota and Mountbatten stations were the last two to resume operations.[14] Investigations were carried out. It was later found that a faulty cable beneath the platform level at Dakota Station caused a power fault on Tuesday morning that affected train services at all 16 stations on the Circle Line.[15] 27,000 passengers were affected by the disruption during the four hours delay, with bus bridging services plying the Circle Line route.[16]

Stations[edit]

Alstom Metropolis C830 rolling stock for the Circle Line parked in the depot.
The map of the Circle Line shown on top of the train doors in 2012. A newer version with the current LTA font has since replaced them.
Interior of CCL MRT Alstom Metropolis C830 train

The main route goes between Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront, with a branch line between Marina Bay and Stadium. Its train frequency is 5 minutes during off-peak, and 2.5 minutes during peak hours, the branch line is being extended to HarbourFront during peak hours and several extended/free travel rides (National Day, New Year's Eve, F1 weekend).

Station Number Station Name Interchange/Notes
 CC1  NS24  NE6  Dhoby Ghaut Change for the North South Line or North East Line
 CC2  Bras Basah  
 CC3  Esplanade  
 CC4  DT15  Promenade Change for the Downtown Line

Change for train services towards CE1 Bayfront or CE2 Marina Bay

 CC5  Nicoll Highway  
 CC6  Stadium Marina Bay shuttle terminus during off-peak hours
 CC7  Mountbatten
 CC8  Dakota  
 CC9  EW8  Paya Lebar Change for the East West Line
 CC10  DT26  MacPherson Change for the Downtown Line (2017)
 CC11  Tai Seng  
 CC12  Bartley  
 CC13  NE12  Serangoon Change for the North East Line
 CC14  Lorong Chuan  
 CC15  NS17  Bishan Change for the North South Line
 CC16  Marymount  
 CC17  TE9  Caldecott Change for the Thomson-East Coast Line (2020)
 CC18  Bukit Brown Closed until further notice; Reserved station; Not in operation
 CC19  DT9  Botanic Gardens Change for the Downtown Line
 CC20  Farrer Road  
 CC21  Holland Village  
 CC22  EW21  Buona Vista Change for the East West Line
 CC23  one-north  
 CC24  Kent Ridge  
 CC25  Haw Par Villa  
 CC26  Pasir Panjang  
 CC27  Labrador Park  
 CC28  Telok Blangah  
 CC29  NE1  HarbourFront Change for the North East Line
Stage 6 (Under planning) (Completion by 2025)
 CC30  Keppel
 CC31  Cantonment
 CC32  Prince Edward
Circle Line Extension
 CE1  DT16  Bayfront Change for the Downtown Line
 CE2  NS27  TE20  Marina Bay Change for the North South Line or Thomson-East Coast Line (2021)

Rolling stock[edit]

The rolling stock consists of 40[17] Alstom Metropolis C830 trains[18] running in three-car formation. They are stabled at Kim Chuan depot, the world's largest underground depot when it opened in 2009.[19] 24 additional Alstom Metropolis & Shanghai Electric C830C trains has started delivery from end July 2014[20][21] and began operation from 26 June 2015. Currently all 24 C830Cs are in revenue service.

The automated CBTC system on board relies on "continuous two-way digital communication" between each controlled train and the control centre.

Train control[edit]

The Circle Line is equipped with Alstom Urbalis 300 Communications-based train control (CBTC) moving block signalling system on the MASTRIA system with Automatic train control (ATC) under Automatic train operation (ATO) GoA 4 (UTO). The subsystems consist of Automatic train protection (ATP) to govern train speed, Iconis Automatic Train Supervision (ATS) to track and schedule trains and Smartlock Computer-based interlocking (CBI) system that prevents incorrect signal and track points to be set.

Train Data Management System (TDMS) which concentrate and dispatch the rolling stock information with fixed equipment. The IAGO Waveguide communications network has the capability to transmit video and is almost maintenance-free. Base stations are located within the signalling equipment room.

Automatic platform screen doors supplied by Westinghouse provide safety for commuters, offering protection from arriving and departing trains.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ALSTOM chosen for the world's longest fully automated metro line in Singapore". railway-technology.com. 2002-02-20. 
  2. ^ hermes. "Four more trains for Circle Line as ridership rises". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  3. ^ "AsiaOne Transport". Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Circle Line will exceed $6.7b budget" Christopher Tan, The Straits Times, 15 September 2007
  5. ^ "News". Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Breaking News | The Straits Times
  7. ^ http://app.lta.gov.sg/corp_press_content.asp?start=kpt8zx9w8ik53wi33gr59p754348fsj35b9glldouy8ndlh7kb
  8. ^ "Train crowding to ease with launch of full Circle Line: Minister Lui". Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Circle Line 6 - Projects - Public Transport - Land Transport Authority". Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Three new stations to close loop on Circle Line". TODAYonline. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  11. ^ "Stop-work order at Telok Blangah site is fourth this year on $6.7b MRT project" T. Rajan, The Straits Times, 22 August 2007
  12. ^ "Road above Circle Line construction site caves in" CNA Live, Channel NewsAsia, 24 May 2008
  13. ^ "Leaks, damaged cable cause of 4-hour delay on Circle Line". The Straits Times. 29 September 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Thousands affected by Circle Line disruption". Channel News Asia. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "Faulty cable led to Circle Line disruption". Channel News Asia. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "Call for thorough probe on Circle Line disruption". Channel News Asia. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  17. ^ Tuas West Extension Groundbreaking Ceremony Speech (PDF) (Speech). Land Transport Authority. 4 May 2012. 
  18. ^ AWARD OF ELECTRICAL & MECHANICAL SYSTEMS CONTRACT 830 FOR THE MARINA LINE
  19. ^ hermes. "Biggest underground train depot set to become even bigger". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  20. ^ "LTA and SMRT Award Contracts for New Trains and Re-Signalling Project". Land Transport Authority. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "Alstom to supply 34 Metropolis trains and upgrade signaling on the system". 3 February 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2013.