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Virus classification
Group: Group II (ssDNA)
Family: Circoviridae
Genus: Circovirus
Type Species

Circovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Circoviridae. Birds (such as pigeons[1] and ducks[2]) and pigs[3] serve as natural hosts, though dogs have been shown to be infected as well.[4] There are currently 11 species in this genus including the type species Porcine circovirus-1. Diseases associated with this genus include: PCV-1: non pathogenic PCV-2: postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS).[5][6]


Group: ssDNA



Viruses in Circovirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Round geometries, and T=1 symmetry. The diameter is around 17 nm. Genomes are circular and non-segmented.[5]

The virions of Circoviruses are surprisingly small, with diameters ranging from 17 up to 22 nm.[7]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation
Circovirus Icosahedral T=1 Non-enveloped Circular Monopartite

Life cycle[edit]

Viral replication is nuclear. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration. Replication follows the ssDNA rolling circle model. DNA templated transcription, with some alternative splicing mechanism is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by nuclear egress, and nuclear pore export. Birds and pigs serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are fecal-oral and parental.[5]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission
Circovirus Birds; pigs None Cell receptor endocytosis Budding Nucleus Nucleus Horizontal; oral-fecal


  1. ^ Marlier, D; Vindevogel, H (July 2006). "Viral infections in pigeons". Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997). 172 (1): 40–51. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2005.02.026. PMID 16772130.
  2. ^ Zhang, XX; Liu, SN; Xie, ZJ; Kong, YB; Jiang, SJ (June 2012). "Complete genome sequence analysis of duck circovirus strains from Cherry Valley duck". Virologica Sinica. 27 (3): 154–64. doi:10.1007/s12250-012-3214-4. PMID 22684469.
  3. ^ Chae, C (March 2012). "Porcine circovirus type 2 and its associated diseases in Korea". Virus research. 164 (1–2): 107–13. doi:10.1016/j.virusres.2011.10.013. PMID 22027190.
  4. ^ Vogelsang, Jessica (September 14, 2013). "5 Things You Need to Know About the 'Circovirus Outbreak'". Yahoo News.
  5. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  7. ^

External links[edit]