Circuit training

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Circuit training is a form of body conditioning or resistance training using high-intensity aerobics. It targets strength building or muscular endurance. An exercise "circuit" is one completion of all prescribed exercises in the program. When one circuit is complete, one begins the first exercise again for the next circuit. Traditionally, the time between exercises in circuit training is short, often with rapid movement to the next exercise.[citation needed]

The program was developed by R.E. Morgan and G.T. Adamson in 1957 at the University of Leeds in England.[1]

Typical activities in a circuit training[edit]

A circuit should work each section of the body individually. Typical activities include:[2]


  • Squat ups
  • Bench dips
  • Back extensions
  • Medicine ball chest pass
  • Bench lift
  • Inclined press up

Core & trunk

  • Sit ups (lower abdominal)
  • Stomach crunch (upper abdominal)
  • Back extension chest raise


  • Squat jumps
  • Compass jumps
  • Astride jumps
  • Step ups
  • Shuttle runs
  • Hopping shuttles
  • Bench squat


  • Burpees
  • Treadmills
  • Squat thrusts
  • Skipping
  • Jogging

Effects of circuit training[edit]

Studies at Baylor University and The Cooper Institute show that circuit training is the most time efficient way to enhance cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance. Studies show that circuit training helps women to achieve their goals and maintain them longer than other forms of exercise or diet.[3]

Morgan and Anderson claim:

One advantage is that reduced station times will encourage the participants to lift heavier weights, which means they can achieve overload with smaller number of repetitions: typically in the range of 25 to 50 depending on their training goals.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kraviz, Len (1996-01-01). "New Insights into Circuit Training". University of New Mexico. Retrieved 2006-11-16. 
  2. ^ Brian Mackenzie. "Circuit Training". 
  3. ^ Heavin, Gary and Colman, Carol, C. Reprint edition (December 7, 2004). Curves: Permanent Results Without Permanent Dieting, ISBN 0-399-52956-X
  4. ^ Klika, Brett; et al. "High-Intensity Circuit Training Using Body Weight: Maximum Results With Minimal Investment". ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Robert D Chetlin, Resistance Training - Contemporary Issues in Resistance Training: What Works?, Fit Society, American College of Sports Medicine, Fall 2002.
  • Kravitz, L. (1996). "The fitness professional's complete guide to circuits and intervals". IDEA Today, 14(1), 32–43.
  • "American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults". Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 30 (6): 975–991. 1998. doi:10.1097/00005768-199806000-00032. PMID 9624661.